Biology/Anatomy Sample Test,Sample questions

Question: In the human body, which one of the following hormones regulates blood calcium and phosphate?

1.Glucagon

2.Growth hormone

3.Parathyroid hormone

4.Thyroxine


Question: A state of complete physical, mental and social well being is called .

1.Disease

2.Health

3.Diet

4.Unhealthy


Question: A surge of which hormone stimulates ovulation in human females?

1.Luteinizing hormone

2.Estrogen

3.Follicle stimulating hormone

4.Progesterone


Question: Acute vision is present in

1.Bat

2.Frog

3.Shark

4.vulture


Question: Aerobic exercises supply

1.Carbon dioxide

2.Oxgyen

3.Energy

4.Fats


Question: All enzymes are actually

1.Carbohydrates

2.Proteins

3.Fatty acids

4.Sterols


Question: Blood carries waste materials to

1.Alimentary Canal

2.Lungs

3.Kidneys

4.Heart


Question: Blood transports �����

1.Oxygen

2.Hormones

3.Nutrient

4.All of the above


Question: Bone marrow is composed of

1.adipose tissue, areolar tissue and blood

2.adipose and areolar tissue

3.adipose tissue and fibroblasts

4.adipose tissue


Question: Bone marrow takes part in

1.assisting liver

2.assisting kidneys

3.controlling blood pressure

4.as haemopoietic tissue


Question: Cardiac muscle is present in the

1.Kidney

2.Lungs

3.Heart

4.Liver


Question: Cartilage present in body is

1.a muscular tissue

2.an epithelial tissue

3.a connective tissue

4.a germinal tissue


Question: Cell or tissue death within a living body is called as

1.Neutrophilia

2.Nephrosis

3.Necrosis

4.Neoplasia


Question: Circulatory system contains the

1.Lungs

2.Brain

3.Heart

4.Stomach


Question: Cutting and peeling of onion bring tears to the eyes because of the presence of

1.sulfur in the cell

2.carbon in the cell

3.fat in the cell

4.aminoacid in the cell


Question: Dehydration in human body is caused due to the loss of -

1.Hormones

2.Salts

3.Vitamins

4.Water


Question: During the process of respiration in human beings, the exchange of gases takes place in

1.bronchi

2.alveoli

3.bronchiole

4.pleura


Question: Every organ in our body is made up of

1.flesh

2.Musscles

3.Bones

4.Cells


Question: Haversian canals found in bones contain

1.artery and vein

2.osteoblasts in areolar tissue

3.nerve and lymph vessel

4.All of these


Question: Haversian canals occur in

1.clavicle

2.Pubis

3.Humerus

4.scapula


Question: Hormones regulate .

1.Body functions

2.Water level

3.Body temperature

4.Blood flow


Question: How many herbs are used in the preparation of Siddha medicine?

1.1100

2.1200

3.800

4.1300


Question: Hyaline cartilage does not possess

1.Cells

2.fibres

3.lacunae

4.blood capillaries


Question: If bilrubin is high in human body, which of the following organs is effected?

1.Pancreas

2.Liver

3.Kidney

4.Small Intestine


Question: If by an unknown accident the acid secreting cells of the stomach wall of an individual are damaged, digestion of which one of the following biomolecule will be affected to a greater extent?

1.Protein only

2.Lipid

3.Carbohydrate

4.Protein and carbohydrate


Question: In human beings, normally, the sperm fertilises the ovum in which of the following parts?

1.Cervix

2.Fallopian tube

3.Lower part of uterus

4.Upper part of uterus


Question: In human beings, the opening of the stomach into the small intestine is called

1.caecum

2.ileum

3.oesophagus

4.pylorus


Question: In man the normal number of chromosomes is

1.42

2.46

3.41

4.45


Question: In the human body, appendix is attached to

1.Large intestine

2.Small intestine

3.Stomach

4.Gall bladder


Question: In the human body, nails are made up of

1.melanin

2.keratin

3.enamel

4.cartilage


Question: In which part of the human body do we find the islet of langerhans

1.brain

2.pancreas

3.kidney

4.liver


Question: In which part of the human body is the smallest bone found

1.wrist

2.palm

3.nose

4.ear


Question: Inspiration and Expiration are done by

1.Digestive system

2.Skeletal system

3.Muscular system

4.Respiratory system


Question: Insulin is secreted by

1.Kidneys

2.Endocrine

3.Pancreas

4.Heart


Question: It has been observed the astronauts lose substantial quantity of calcium through urine during space flight. This is due to

1.hypergravity

2.microgravity

3.intake of dehydrated food tablet

4.low temperature in cosmos


Question: Kidneys excrete .

1.Urine

2.Acids

3.Bases

4.Water


Question: Light band has which of the following filament protein?

1.Myosin

2.Actin

3.Myosin and actin

4.None of these


Question: Lobsters and crabs have ..

1.Blue blood

2.White blood

3.Colourless blood

4.Red blood


Question: Major inorganic components of vertebrate bone is

1.calcium carbonate

2.calcium phosphate

3.potassium hydroxide

4.None of the above


Question: Mammalian pinna is supported by

1.hyaline cartilage

2.elastic cartilage

3.calcified cartilage

4.white fibrous connective tissue


Question: Membrane surrounding a bone is called

1.periosteum

2.endo steum

3.pericardium

4.perichondrium


Question: Muscle fatigue is caused by the accumulation of

1.Pyruvic acid

2.Lactic acid

3.Oxalacetic acid

4.Uric acid


Question: Muscle fatigue sets in due to non availability of

1.Calcium

2.ATP

3.actin binding site

4.Mg cofactor


Question: Our human body has .

1.206 bones

2.210 bones

3.212 bones

4.203 bones


Question: Pasteurization method was discovered by

1.Hippocrates

2.Louis Pasteur

3.Agastiyar

4.None


Question: Pituitary gland is situated in

1.The base of the heart

2.The base of the brain

3.The neck

4.The abdomen


Question: Production of which one of the following is a function of the liver?

1.Lipase

2.Urea

3.Mucus

4.Hydrochloric acid


Question: Respiratory organs are

1.Heart

2.Kidney

3.Liver

4.Lungs


Question: Skeletal system produces

1.Hormones

2.Sperms

3.Blood cells

4.None of the above


Question: Smooth muscles are found in the

1.Stomach

2.Blood vessels

3.Intestine

4.All of the above


Question: Sweat glands belong to .

1.Integumentary system

2.Digestive system

3.Muscular system

4.Excretory system


Question: Sweating during exercise indicates operation of which one of the following processes in the human body

1.Enthalpy

2.Homeostasis

3.Phagocytosis

4.Osmoregulation


Question: The acid which is secreted by the glands in the stomach wall is

1.phosphoric acid

2.nitric acid

3.hydrochloric acid

4.sulphuric acid


Question: The blood is filtered and the waste is separated by .

1.Ductless glands

2.Kidney

3.Heart

4.Pancreas


Question: The brain is located in the ..

1.Abdomen

2.Spinal cord

3.Skull

4.Stomach


Question: The Central Nervous System is made up of

1.Spinal cord

2.Brain

3.Liver

4.Both A and B


Question: The chief organ in the Circulatory System

1.Lungs

2.Heart

3.Vein

4.Kidney


Question: The colour of the kidney is

1.Red

2.Yellow

3.Dark yellow

4.Dark red


Question: The contractile protein of skeletal muscle involving ATPase activity is

1.actin

2.Myosin

3.troponin

4.tropomyosin


Question: The contractile proteins in a muscle are

1.Actin and Myosin

2.Actin and Tropomyosin

3.Myosin and Troponin

4.Troponin and Tropomyosin


Question: The enzyme that is present in the saliva of man is

1.Pepsin

2.Amylase

3.Trypsin

4.Renin


Question: The function of Trypsin is to

1.break down fats

2.synthesize proteins

3.break down proteins

4.break down carbohydrates


Question: The functional unit of contractile system in striated muscle is

1.myofibril

2.Cross bridges

3.Z band

4.sarcomere


Question: The junction between the axon of one neuron and the dendrite of the next is called

1.a joint

2.a synapse

3.constant bridge

4.junction point


Question: The ovaries produce female gametes called

1.Sperms

2.Hormones

3.Egg

4.None of the above


Question: The skeletal system is made up of . bone

1.206

2.306

3.606

4.200


Question: The skin of man weighs about

1.7 kg

2.10 kg

3.9 kg

4.12 kg


Question: Unit of Nervous System is ..

1.Neurons

2.Nerves

3.Brain

4.Spinal cord


Question: Universal receivers can receive blood from

1.Group AB only

2.Group O only

3.Groups O, A, B, AB

4.Groups A, AB


Question: Upon stimulation of skeletal muscles calcium is immediately made available for binding to troponin from

1.sarcoplasmic reticulum

2.Blood

3.Lymph

4.Bone


Question: What does enamel cover?

1.Crown of the tooth

2.Dentin on all sides

3.Cementum

4.Cementum and partly dentin


Question: What is sarcomere

1.Part between two H line

2.Part between two A line

3.Part between two Z line

4.Part between two I band


Question: When we eat something we like, our mouth waters. This is actually not water but fluid secreted from

1.nasal glands

2.oval epithelium

3.salivary glands

4.tongue


Question: Which among the following is the largest endocrine gland of human body

1.Thyroid

2.Parathyroid

3.Adrenal

4.Pituitary


Question: Which are not included in the milk-teeth in a child of 3-4 years ?

1.Incisors

2.Canines

3.Molars

4.Premolars


Question: Which is the heaviest organ of our body?

1.Liver

2.Skin

3.Pancreas

4.Heart


Question: Which of the following cranial nerves can regulate heart beat?

1.VII

2.VIII

3.IX

4.X


Question: Which of the following is known as the voice box

1.trachea

2.pharynx

3.epiglottis

4.larynx


Question: Which of the following is not an enzyme

1.Amylase

2.Pepsin

3.Somatotropin

4.Trypsin


Question: Which of the following is the contractile protein of a muscle?

1.Tubulin

2.Myosin

3.Tubulin

4.All of these


Question: Which of the following parts does not take part in the process of breathing

1.Trachea

2.Diaphragm

3.Bronchi

4.None of the above


Question: Which one among the following glands is present in pairs in human body

1.Adrenal

2.Liver

3.Pancreas

4.Pineal


Question: Which one among the following will be absorbed fastest through the wall of digestive system

1.Black coffee as a hot beverage

2.DDT taken as a poison

3.Raw alcohol taken as a drink

4.Ice cream as a desert


Question: Which one of the following elements is needed in the human body to transfer electric signals by nerve cells?

1.Lithium

2.Caesium

3.Rubidium

4.Sodium


Question: Which one of the following enzymes is found in human saliva

1.Trypsin

2.Pepsin

3.Ptyalin

4.Rennin


Question: Which one of the following is a pigment?

1.Albumin

2.Elastin

3.Keratin

4.Melanin


Question: Which one of the following is not a digestive enzyme in the human system?

1.Trypsin

2.Gastrin

3.Ptyalin

4.Pepsin


Question: Which one of the following is not a part of small intestine

1.Caecum

2.Duodenum

3.Jejunum

4.Ileum


Question: Which one of the following is not a part of small intestine

1.Caecum

2.Duodenum

3.Jejunum

4.Ileum


Question: Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the order of decreasing length of the three structural parts given below of small intestine in the human body ?

1.Ileum - Jejunum - Duodenum

2.Jejunum - Ileum - Duodenum

3.Ileum - Duodenum - Jejunum

4.Jejunum - Duodenum - Ileum


Question: Which one of the following organs excretes water, fat and various catabolic wastes?

1.Skin

2.Kidney

3.Spleen

4.Salivary glands


Question: Which one of the following parts of human brain is the regulating centre for swallowing and vomiting?

1.Cerebellum

2.Cerebrum

3.Medulla oblongata

4.Pons


Question: Which one of the following types of tissues have contractile proteins?

1.Nervous tissue

2.Muscle tissue

3.Bone tissue

4.Blood tissue


Question: Which one of the glands in human body produces the growth hormone (Somatotropin)

1.Adrenal

2.Pancrease

3.Pituitary

4.Thyroid


Question: Which one of the glands in human body produces the growth hormone (Somatotropin)

1.Adrenal

2.Pancrease

3.Pituitary

4.Thyroid


Question: Which organ works as an excretory and a sense organ?

1.Lungs

2.Kidney

3.Skin

4.Liver


Question: Which part of the brain controls respiration

1.Cerebral cortex

2.Medulla oblongata

3.Cerebellum

4.Cerebrum


Question: Which part of the human eye is transplanted from a dead donor to a living person

1.cornea

2.retina

3.iris

4.sclera


Question: Which system regulates water level and body temperature?

1.Nervous

2.Skeletal

3.Endocrine

4.Circulatory


Question: is a Dravidian system of medicine

1.Siddha

2.Unani

3.Ayurveda

4.Homeopathy