GK/Environmental Science Sample Test,Sample questions

Question: Acid deposition causes which type of damage for our earth atmosphere?

1.Lakes and forests to die

2.Greenhouse effect to lessen

3.Acid indigestion in human

4.None of the above


Question: All species on earth together with their environments collectively comprise

1.atmosphere

2.lithosphere

3.hydrosphere

4.biosphere


Question: An example of an abiotic component

1.Animal

2.Soil

3.Plants

4.Bacteria


Question: At night, low clouds:

1.Weaken the atmospheric greenhouse effect

2.Are often caused by the atmospheric greenhouse effect

3.Enhance the atmospheric greenhouse effect

4.None


Question: At what time of day is the relative humidity normally at a minimum?

1.When the air temperature is highest

2.Just after sunrise

3.Just before sunrise

4.When the air temperature is lowest


Question: Barnacles growing on the back of whale is an example for

1.parasitism

2.mutualism

3.commensalism

4.amensalism


Question: Basidiospores are considered to be a major source of

1.bioweapon

2.airborne allergens

3.water borne allergens

4.animal faeces


Question: Boiling of water depend on which of these factor?

1.Air Temperature

2.Air Pressure

3.Air Density

4.Relative Humidity


Question: Cement factory labourers are prone to

1.cytosilicosis

2.bone marrow disease

3.leukemia

4.asbestosis


Question: CFCs are used as a which type of the following?

1.Aerosol propellants

2.Refrigerants

3.Insulators

4.All of the above


Question: Climate includes

1.General patterns of atmosphere conditions

2.Seasonal variation

3.Average weather of an area

4.All of these


Question: Correct statement for temperature

1.Air temperature remains constant with increasing height

2.Air temperature increases with increasing height

3.Air temperature decreases with increasing height

4.It is warmer at night than during the day


Question: Define Salinization in short term?

1.Accumulation of salts in soils

2.Accumulation of salts in water

3.Accumulation of salts in body

4.Accumulation of salts in animals


Question: During the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere

1.The noon sun is overhead at 23.5o S latitude

2.Astronomical winter begins in the Northern Hemisphere

3.At middle latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, this marks the longest night of the year

4.All of the above


Question: Fatal degenerative lung disease caused by particulate asbestos is referred to as

1.Asthma

2.Asbestosis

3.Allergy

4.Sinusitis


Question: Fill in the blanks: Ramsar Convention refers to the conservation of __________

1.Agriculture lands

2.Deserts

3.Wetlands

4.Forest lands


Question: Fill in the blanks: _______ ecosystems are maintained artificially by man.

1.Man-made

2.Marine

3.Artificial

4.Brackish


Question: Fine organic or inorganic particles suspended in air, this type of particles named as which type of pollutant?

1.Aerosol

2.Particulate pollutant

3.Gaseous pollutant

4.All of the above


Question: Fog that most often forms as warm rain falls into a cold layer of surface air is called

1.Upslope fog

2.Radiation fog

3.Evaporation (mixing) fog

4.Advection fog


Question: Harmful trace metals in fly ash

1.cadmium

2.antimony

3.arsenic

4.All of the above


Question: In India, tropical evergreen forests occur in

1.Madhya Pradesh

2.Himachal Pradesh

3.Tamil nadu

4.Assam


Question: In middle latitudes, which of the following cloud will have the lowest base?

1.Cirrus

2.Cirrostratus

3.Altocumulus

4.Stratocumulus


Question: In the northern hemisphere, the number of hours of daylight begin to shorten after the

1.Summer solstice

2.Autumn equinox

3.Spring equinox

4.Winter solstice


Question: Infrared and visible satellite images might provide

1.A way of identifying clouds suitable for cloud seeding.

2.A way of determining cloud thickness and altitude.

3.A way of distinguishing between wet and dry clouds.

4.None of the above


Question: Melanornia (skin cancer) is occurs in human by which of the following reason?

1.Acid rain

2.Ozone depletion

3.Ozone accumulation

4.All


Question: Nighttime temperatures rarely drop below the dew point temperature because

1.Saturation vapor pressures always increase at night

2.The dew will absorb all the heat

3.At saturation, latent heat of condensation is released into the air

4.None of the above


Question: Particulate pollutants are

1.liquid droplets in atmosphere

2.are small solid particles and liquid droplets

3.are small solid particles released into the atmosphere

4.All of these


Question: Pencillium does not swallow the growth of bacterium Staphylococcus. This sort of relationship is called

1.mutualism

2.commensalism

3.predation

4.amensalism


Question: Pollutants that are introduced into the environment by human activity are called as

1.anthropogenic pollutants

2.qualitative pollutants

3.quantitative pollutants

4.None of the above


Question: Radiations are harmful because it causes

1.Alters body tissues

2.Skin cancer

3.Anemia

4.All of the above


Question: Relative statement for hibernation and aestivation?

1.Wind adaptation shown by animals

2.Adaptation of animals to escape from predators

3.Thermal adaptation shown by animals

4.None of the above


Question: Symbiosis is the study of

1.Association between members of same species

2.Study of distribution of related species

3.Association between members of two species

4.All of the above


Question: The abiotic and biotic components constitute the structure of an

1.Environment

2.Energy flow

3.Ecosystem

4.Atmosphere


Question: The atmosphere near the earths surface is heated from below. Which of the following does not significantly contribute to this heating?

1.Heat energy from the earths interior

2.Conduction of heat upward from a hot surface

3.Convection from a hot surface

4.Absorption of infrared energy that has been radiated from the surface


Question: The atmospheric greenhouse effect is produced mainly by which of the following reason?

1.Absorption and re-emission of visible light by clouds

2.Absorption and re-emission of infrared radiation by the atmosphere

3.Absorption and re-emission of visible light by the ground

4.Absorption and re-emission of visible light by the atmosphere


Question: The deepest radiation inversion would be observed at

1.At the top of a high mountain in winter

2.The equator any day of the year

3.Polar regions in winter

4.All of the above


Question: The earths atmosphere is divided into layers based on the vertical profile of

1.Air temperature

2.Air pressure

3.Wind speed

4.Air density


Question: The gradual physiological adjustment to slowly changing new environmental conditions is known as

1.Introduction

2.Selection

3.Quarantine

4.Acclimatization


Question: The greatest variation in daily temperature usually occurs

1.At the top of a high-rise apartment complex

2.At the ground

3.About 5 feet above the ground

4.None of the above


Question: The instrument that measures temperature, pressure, and humidity at various altitudes in the atmosphere

1.Radiosonde

2.Barograph

3.Altimeter

4.Aneroid barometer


Question: The largest annual ranges of temperatures are found

1.At middle latitudes near large bodies of water

2.At polar latitudes over land

3.At the Equator

4.All of the above


Question: The one-horned Rhinoceros is now restricted to which state?

1.Jammu and kashmir

2.Assam

3.Maharashtra

4.Gujarat


Question: The practical problem in hydrogen production is its

1.Chemical property

2.Weight

3.Valency

4.All


Question: The pyramid of energy in any ecosystem is

1.Always inverted

2.Always upright

3.May be upright or invented

4.None of the above


Question: The Salim Ali Bird sanctuary is located at

1.Anakkatti

2.Pondicherry

3.Thattekad

4.None of the above


Question: The species that flower are called

1.algae

2.gymnosperms

3.bryophytes

4.angiosperms


Question: The state which constituted green bench is known as

1.Tamil nadu

2.Assam

3.Madhya Pradesh

4.Maharashtra


Question: The term Ecology was coined by

1.Earnst Haeckel

2.A.G.Tansley

3.Aristotle

4.None of the above


Question: The term Ecosystem was coined by

1.Elton

2.Odum

3.Aristotle

4.None of the above


Question: The time of day when the relative humidity reaches a maximum value is usually

1.In the middle of the afternoon

2.At the time when the air temperature is highest

3.At the time when the air temperature is lowest

4.Just before sunrise


Question: What is the correct meaning of term biotype?

1.All individual with different phenotype

2.All individuals having same phenotype

3.All individuals with different genotype

4.All individuals having same genotype


Question: What is the form of water vapor?

1.Snowflake

2.Gas

3.Cloud droplet

4.Both A and B


Question: What is the name of that pollutant which causes soil pollution?

1.Ozone

2.Aerosol

3.PAN

4.Acid rain


Question: What is the wind direction?

1.Always directly from low toward high pressure

2.Always directly from high toward low pressure

3.The direction from which the wind is blowing

4.The direction to which the wind is blowing


Question: When clouds are viewed near the horizon, the individual cloud elements usually:

1.Appear lighter in color than is actually the case

2.Appear farther apart than is actually the case

3.Appear closer together than is actually the case

4.None


Question: When oil and gas resources are burnt they kill many forests and lakes,This process is called as

1.Acid rain

2.Deforestation

3.Forest fire

4.None of the above


Question: Where are the days and nights of equal length all year long?

1.Nowhere

2.At the Equator

3.At 66.5 degree

4.All of these


Question: Which of the following factor is responsible for the blueness of the sky?

1.The sky colour is blue

2.The scattering of sunlight by air molecules

3.The presence of water vapor

4.Absorption of blue light by the air


Question: Which of the following gases has role an important in maintaining atmospheric temperature?

1.Argon

2.Nitrogen

3.Oxygen

4.None of the above


Question: Which of the following sea is referred to as an oceanic desert?

1.Arabian Sea

2.Red Sea

3.Sea of Japan

4.Sargasso Sea


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