Single-Page Applications and Bootstrapping the Application in Angular JS

Categories: Angular

Single-Page Applications and Bootstrapping the Application in Angular JS

Single-Page Applications

AngularJS is most often used to build applications that conform to the single-page application (SPA) concept. SPAs are applications that have one entry point HTML page; all the application content is dynamically added to and removed from that one page. You can see the entry point of our SPA in the index.html code that follows. The tag <div ngview></div> is where all dynamic content is inserted into index.html:


<!-- chapter1/index.html -->

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html lang= "en" ng-app= "helloWorldApp">


<title>AngularJS Hello World</title>

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">

<script src="js/libs/angular.min.js"></script>

<script src="js/libs/angular-route.min.js"></script>

<script src="js/libs/angular-resource.min.js"></script>

<script src="js/libs/angular-cookies.min.js"></script>

<script src= "js/app.js"></script>

<script src="js/controllers.js"></script>

<script src="js/services.js"></script>



<div ng-view></div>




As the user clicks on links in the application, existing content attached to the tag is removed and new dynamic content is then attached to the same tag. Rather than the user waiting for a new page to load, new content is dynamically displayed in a fraction of the time that it would take to load a new HTML web page.


Bootstrapping the Application 

Bootstrapping AngularJS is the process of loading AngularJS when an application first starts. Loading the AngularJS libraries in a page will start the bootstrap process. The index.html file is analyzed, and the parser looks for the ng-app tag. The line <html lang="en" ng-app="helloWorldApp"></html> shows how ng-app is defined. The following code shows the JavaScript that is fired by that line in the index.html file. As you can see, app.js is where the AngularJS application helloWorldApp is defined as an AngularJS module, and this is the entry point into the application. The variable helloWorldApp in this file could be named anything. I will, however, call it helloWorldApp for the sake of uniformity:


/* chapter1/app.js excerpt */

'use strict';

/* App Module */

var helloWorldApp = angular.module('helloWorldApp', [




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