Political Science-[FPSC-U.S A. CSS]/(USA) Political Science Origin Of State Set-3 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
  According to Locke people in the state of nature enjoyed only: 

1.Lectures on Jurisprudence

2.Two Treatises on Civil Government

3.Social Contract

4.Representative Government


Question:
  According to the Force Theory: 

1.Church is superior to the state

2. The state is superior to the Church

3.The Church and the State enjoy equal powers

4.There is no relationship between the State and the Church


Question:
  According to the Matriarchal theory the head of the family was: 

1.Jenks

2.Henry Maine

3.Laski

4.Morgan


Question:
  After the creation of state  according to Hobbes  people continued to enjoy: 

1.Were free to revoke the contract

2. Could amend the contract by two-thirds majority

3.Could not revoke the contract

4.Automatically lapsed if one of the parties failed to carry out its part of obligations


Question:
  Hobbes holds that under the contract which resulted in the creation of state: 

1.Leviathan

2.Social contract theory

3.A History of Political Theory

4.The Modern State


Question:
  In modern times the Force Theory found a strong advocate in: 

1.It disciplined the primitives man

2. It taught the primitive man the value of obedience

3.It made the primitive man religious and superstitious

4.It helped the ruler to establish peace and order by claiming divine descent


Question:
  Locke advocated his theory in: 

1.A part to the contract

2.The result of the contract

3.Elected after the conclusion of the contract

4.Accountable to the people


Question:
  Locke propounded his theory of Social Contract in the book entitled: 

1.France

2.Germany

3.Britain

4.U.S.A.


Question:
  The Force Theory regarding the origin of state believes that: 

1.It is dangerous because it leaves sufficient scope for the ruler to assume despotic powers

2.It leads to political stagnation and hampers progress

3. It is based on superstition and does not appeal to reason

4.It is not supported by history


Question:
  The important rights enjoyed by the people in the state of nature  says Locke were: 

1.A period of lawlessness

2.A period of peace and reason

3.A period of constant warfare

4.A period of peace in certain areas and war in other areas


Question:
  The Matriarchal theory of the origin of state is associated with: 

1.The eldest male member was the head of the family

2.The eldest female member was the head of the family

3.The King was the agent of God on this earth

4.None of the above


Question:
  The Patriarchal theory of the Origin of State holds that: 

1.Force was one of the important factors for the origin of the state

2.Force was the sole factor responsible for the origin of the state

3.Will not force is the best is of state

4.Spiritual force was the most important factor in the growth of the state


Question:
  The Patriarchal theory of the origin of state is associated with the name of: 

1.The Church Fathers used the Force Theory to demonstrate the superiority of the state over the Church

2.In individualists used the force theory to justify the policy of laissez faire

3.The Socialists used the Force Theory to represent the state as an instrument of exploitation

4.The Church Fathers used the theory to assert the superiority of the Church over the State


Question:
  The Social Contract theory deals with: 

1.Sir Henry Maine

2.Adam Smith

3.Herbert

4.Jenks


Question:
  The Social Contract theory is based on:  

1.Austin Bodin and Hobbes

2.Hobbes locke and Rousseau

3.MacIver Laski and Rousseau

4.J.S. Mill Adam Smith and Hobbes


Question:
  The three most prominent exponents of Social Contract theory were: 

1.The eldest male member

2.The eldest female member

3.Nominated by the King

4.Nominated by the Chief Priest


Question:
  Which one of the following statements is correct? 

1.Could disobey the orders of the sovereign

2.Could not disobey the orders of the sovereign

3.Could disobey the sovereign after giving him due notice

4.Could disobey the orders only if they were illegal


Question:
 According to Hobbes the people: 

1.People surrendered all their rights to the sovereign unconditionally

2.People surrendered their rights subject to certain conditions

3.Surrendered only their rights to property and religion

4.People refused to surrender their rights


Question:
 According to Locke people in the state of nature: 

1.Divine rights

2.Natural rights

3.Legal rights

4.Religious rights


Question:
 According to Locke the contract was concluded: 

1.Because they were fed up with the perpetual warfare

2.Because they were fed up with the autocratic rule of the King

3. Because of divine intervention

4.Because of the inconvenience caused by different interpretations of laws of nature of different members


Question:
 According to Locke the government was created for the purpose of: 

1.Above law

2.Bound by the existing laws

3.The chief creator of all laws

4.None of the above


Question:
 Hobbes gives right to the individual: 

1.Certain natural rights

2.Those rights which were granted to them by the sovereign

3.Those rights which they had retained at the time of the conclusion of the contract

4.Only those rights which were specified in the contract


Question:
 The book in which Hobbes gave theory of Social Contract is entitled: 

1.Man is a social animal and cannot live outside the society

2.State is the result of slow process of evolution

3.State was created through a contract concluded in the sixteenth century

4.State was created as a result of contract concluded by the people living in the pre-civil society


Question:
 Which one of the following merits of Divine Origin Theory has been wrongly enumerated: 

1.No right to people to revolt against the ruler

2.Right to people to revolt against the ruler

3.Right to revolt only if the king acts in a tyrannical manner

4.Right to revolt only if he acts against the principles of regligion


Question:
 Which one of the following statements is not correct? 

1.Lenin

2.Hitler

3.Winston Churchill

4.Mahatma Gandhi


Question:
According to Hobbes people in the state of nature enjoyed: 

1.The role played by the nature in the creation of state

2.The conditions existing prior to the creation of the state

3.A study of the various stages of the development of state

4.A study of the nature of state


Question:
According to Hobbes the sovereign was: 

1.To disobey the sovereign under certain conditions

2.Not to disobey the sovereign under any condition

3.To disobey the sovereign only if he acts against national interest

4.To disobey the sovereign if he fails to act in accordance with the terms of the contract


Question:
According to Locke the people in the state of nature: 

1.Right to life liberty and property

2. Right to religion worship and conscience

3.Right to participate in affair of government

4.People enjoyed no rights all all


Question:
According to Locke the sovereign: 

1.All rights

2.Only the natural rights

3.Only right to property

4.Only right to interpret and enforce the laws of nature


Question:
According to Locke under the contract people surrendered: 

1.One contract - Social Contract

2.Two contracts - Social and Governmental

3.Three contracts - Social Economic and Political

4.One contract - Governmental


Question:
All the Social Contractualists talk of State of Nature  which means: 

1.Nationalism

2.Constitutionalism

3.Individualism

4.Socialism


Question:
Hobbes says that the people: 

1.Sovergign was a party to the contract

2.Sovereign refused to become a party to the contract

3.Sovereign accpeted only limited obligations

4.Sovereign came into being as a result of the Contract


Question:
In the contract envisaged by Hobbes: 

1.Only the right to life liberty and property

2.No rights

3.Only economic rights

4.Unspecified natural rights


Question:
John Locke  a proponent of Social Contract theory  hailed from: 

1.Man is a social animal

2.Man is co-operative sympathetic towards members of society

3.Man is essentially peace loving

4.Man is selfish and quarrelsome


Question:
Locke concedes to sovereign: 

1.Only by the Heads of families

2.By the Feudal Lords alone

3.By all male members

4.By all members of the community


Question:
Locke concedes to the people: 

1.Like Hobbes Locke also did not distinguish between state and government

2.Locke drew a clear distinction between state and government

3.Locke considered the government as superior to state

4.Locke confused the terms state and government


Question:
Locke envisages: 

1. Were governed by the laws enacted by the Sovereign

2.Were governed by laws enacted by the people

3. Were governed by the laws of nature

4.Had no laws at all


Question:
Locke s sovereign was: 

1.Was a party to the contract

2.Was born out of the contract

3.Stood outside the contract

4.None of the above


Question:
Locke says that people left the state of nature: 

1.Had-certain duties but no rights

2. Had certain rights only

3.Had both rights and duties

4.Had neither rights nor duties


Question:
Rousseau advocated his theory of Social Contract in the book: 

1.The right to change the government any time they like

2.No right to change the government

3.Change the government if it fails to perform its part of contract

4. Change the government if it imposes heavy taxation


Question:
The Divine Origin Theory given: 

1. Close co-operation between religion and politics

2.Complete separation of religion and politics

3.Domination of religion by the King

4.Equality of all men


Question:
The Divine Origin Theory laid emphasis on: 

1.Force Theory

2.Patriarchal Theory

3.Social Contract Theory

4.Divine Origin Theory


Question:
The Divine Origin Theory laid emphasis on: 

1.The state was created by a Saint named Divine

2.State was created by God

3.State was created by majority vote

4.State was created by the Pope


Question:
The main function of the sovereign  according to Locke was: 

1.Only limited authority

2.Absolute authority

3.No authority at all

4.None of the above


Question:
The Social Contract theory holds 

1.The nature of State

2.The tunctions of State

3. The purpose of State

4.The origin of State


Question:
The Social Contract Theory of Rousseau is: 

1.Maintenance of law and order

2. Protection of country from outside aggression

3.Promotion of welfare of the community

4.Protection of natural rights


Question:
The state of nature  according to Locke  was: 

1.The sixteenth century

2.The seventeenth century

3.Twelfth century

4.The eighteenth century


Question:
Which one of the following has been wrongly listed as a shortcoming of the Divine Origin Theory? 

1.Divine rights of king

2.Complete freedom for the people

3.Subordination of the King to Pope

4.Regulation of state affairs in accordance with laws of Bible


Question:
Which one of the following statements is correct? 

1. To enact laws

2. To modify the laws according to needs of tim

3. To enforce the laws

4.To interpret the laws


Question:
Which one of the following statements sums up Hobbes s views about the nature of man: 

1.Hobbes failed to make any distinction between state and government

2.Hobbes was the first modern political thinker to draw a distinction between state and government

3.Hobbes considered the government as the creator or Sovereign

4.Hobbes did not know either about state or government


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