MBA/MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 6 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
A demand curve which takes the form of horizontal line parallel to quantity axis illustrates elasticity which is:

1.Zero

2.Infinite

3.Greater than one

4.Less than one


Question:
A situation where the firm is not in a position to recover its variable costs at the prevailing prices is known as:

1.Point of inflation

2.Equilibrium point

3.Optimum point

4.None of these


Question:
According to real business cycle theory an increase in taxes

1.Would significantly reduce labor supply, increase employment, and decrease output

2.A decline in employment but not in output

3.Would significantly reduce labor supply, decrease employment, and decrease output

4.No change in output and employment


Question:
According to the Keynesians,

1.An easy-fiscal tight-monetary policy reduces the trade deficit, such as what occurred during the 1980s

2.An easy-fiscal tight-monetary policy mix affects the composition of output by encouraging imports of foreign goods and discouraging U.S. exports, as was experienced during the 1980s

3.There was not a link between the rising government budgetary deficit and the rising trade deficit during the mid-1980s

4.Budget deficits and trade deficits should not be a source of concern


Question:
According to the partisan theory,

1.Politicians are viewed as working only for their own welfare.

2.There are two parties with flexible goals

3.Moderates and liberals often switch political goals

4.Macroeconomic policy is not a key focus of most politicians


Question:
According to the real business cycle theory business cycles

1.Can be eliminated with appropriate monetary and fiscal policy

2.Are natural and efficient reactions to changes in productivity

3.Do not occur

4.Occur infrequently


Question:
Adam Smith advocated

1.Laissez Faire

2.Division of Labour

3.Both of these

4.None of these


Question:
Advocates of the public-choice view argue that elected officials

1.Will always respond to inflation with expansionary policies but will respond to unemployment with restrictive policies

2.Will actively respond to inflation with restrictive policies but are reluctant to respond to unemployment with expansionary policies

3.Will always respond to both inflation and unemployment with expansionary policies

4.None of the above


Question:
Advocates of the public-choice view argue that voting behaviour is influenced by the

1.Rate of inflation prior to an election.

2.Level of economic activity.

3.Favourite son syndrome.

4.Campaign issues


Question:
An exceptional demand curve is one that slopes

1.Upward to the left

2.Downward to the right

3.Horizontally

4.Upward to the right


Question:
Assume that the actual deficit is $150 billion with the economy well below potential output and that the level of economic activity rose to its potential level while tax revenues increased by $50 billion and transfer payments fell by $20 billion. Then, what is the structural deficit?

1.$180 billion

2.$120 billion

3.$220 billion

4.$80 billion


Question:
Automatic stabilizers drive changes in

1.The total deficit

2.The cyclical deficit

3.The structural deficit

4.Monetary policy


Question:
Consider a demand curve which takes the form of a straight line cutting both axes. Elasticity at the mid-point of the line would be:

1.Zero

2.One infinite

3.infinite

4.Can not be calculated


Question:
Deductive method

1.Moves from general to particular

2.Moves from general to particular

3.Is based on hypothesis

4.both a and b


Question:
Demand for a commodity is elastic when it has:

1.Only one use

2.Uses which can not be postponed

3.Many uses

4.Uses very essential for the consumer


Question:
Factor intensity as it is used in economics, is primarily s:

1.Relative concept

2.Absolute concept

3.Abstract concept

4.Empirical concept


Question:
Feudalistic economy is dominated by

1.Entrepreneur

2.Worker

3.Landlord

4.None of these


Question:
From the net tax function: T=t0+t1Y,where t0<0 and t1>0, it follows that, as income rises

1.average taxes falls and the surplus declines

2.average taxes rises and the deficit increases

3.average taxes falls and the deficit declines

4.average taxes and the deficit do not change


Question:
Harrod-Domar model was formed the basis of which plan

1.First plan

2.Third plan

3.Second plan

4.None of the above


Question:
If external debt of country rises faster than its interest obligations, it is a case of:

1.Dept trap

2.Liquidity trap

3.Poverty trap

4.Export led growth


Question:
If the percentage increase in quantity of a commodity demanded is its price, the coefficient of price elasticity of demand is:

1.Greater than 1

2.Equal to 1

3.Less than 1

4.Zero


Question:
If the quantity of a commodity demanded remains unchanged as its price changes, the coefficient of price elasticity of demand is

1.Greater than 1

2.Equal to 1

3.Less than 1

4.Zero


Question:
If the tax function is T= t0+t1y where t1 equals 1/3, and if the marginal propensity to consume out of disposable income is 3/4, then the change in GDP oer unit change into t0 (ΔY/Δ t0) will be

1.-1

2.+1

3.-1.5

4.-2


Question:
In any efficiency wage model it must be true that

1.The marginal benefit of increased efficiency is equal to the marginal cost of higher wages

2.Nominal wages are inflexible

3.Disequilibrium in the labor market exists

4.None of the above


Question:
In case of Giffen goods, demand curve will slope:

1.Vertical

2.Horizontal

3.Upward

4.Downward


Question:
In real business cycle models and new classical models

1.Monetary factors are responsible for fluctuations in output and employment

2.Changes in unemployment are involuntary

3.Markets always clear

4.None of the above


Question:
In the new Keynesian models,

1.Imperfect competition comes is the result of optimizing behavior by individuals

2.Perfect competition is assumed with respect to the product market

3.A natural monopoly is presumed for the product market

4.Both a and c


Question:
In the real business cycle model, business cycles are

1.Efficient and do not represent lost output

2.Driven by technology shocks

3.Occur when markets clear

4.All of the above


Question:
Indian exports were increased during 2001-2002 and it went upto the level of:

1.39.8 billion dollars

2.28.2 billion dollars

3.44.0 billion dollars

4.45.6 billion dollars


Question:
Joint profits are maximized in the model cartel, which is model of:

1.Duopsony

2.Duopoly

3.Oligopoly

4.Oligopony


Question:
Marginal utility curve of a given consumer is also his:

1.Indifference curve

2.Total utility curve

3.Demand curve

4.Supply curve


Question:
Monopsony is a form of market organization in which there is a:

1.Single buyer of an input

2.Single seller of an output

3.Single buyer of an output

4.Single seller of an input


Question:
New Keynesian economics differs from real business cycle economics in that

1.Markets are perfectly competitive in new Keynesian models

2.Business cycles are fluctuations in the natural rate of unemployment in new Keynesian models

3.Wages and prices are perfectly flexible

4.None of these


Question:
New Keynesian economists/p>

1.Believe that the deviations of output below potential output during recessions are socially costly

2.Presume that much unemployment is involuntary

3.Attempt to improve the microeconomic foundations of the traditional Keynesian models not challenge their major premises

4.All of the above


Question:
New Keynesian theories of efficiency wages imply

1.Voluntary unemployment

2.Real wage rigidity

3.Changes in unemployment represent changes in the natural rate of unemployment

4.None of the above


Question:
Protectionism in the international trade stands for:

1.Semi-restricted Trade

2.Free trade policy

3.Restricted Trade policy

4.All of the above


Question:
Real business cycle and new Keynesian models disagree upon

1.Whether people form their expectations rationally

2.Whether changes in unemployment are voluntary or involuntary

3.Whether individuals engage in optimizing behavior at all times

4.Whether changes in the money supply affect output in the long-run


Question:
Real business cycle proponents argue that

1.Recessions are caused by movements of output away from the natural rate of output

2.Prices and wages are sticky

3.Macroeconomics should be based on the same assumptions as microeconomics

4.Monetary policy is important in determining recessions


Question:
Suppose that the MPC out of disposable income was 0.8 and the marginal tax rate was 0.25 for a given economy. In this case, the value of the tax multiplier in the simple Keynesian model would be

1.1

2.-2.

3.2.5

4.2


Question:
Suppose that the MPC out of disposable income was 0.8 and the tax function for a given economy was T= -30+0.25Y. an increase in the intercept of the tax function of 10 units(from -30 to -20 would cause equilibrium income in the simple Keynesian model to fall by

1.-20 units

2.10 units

3.20 units

4.40 units


Question:
The book 'Asian Drama' was written by

1.A.C Pigou

2.D.Ricardov

3.Gunnar Myrdal

4.Lionel Robbins


Question:
The cyclical deficit is that portion of the deficit

1.That results form the economy being below the natural rate of output

2.That would exist even if the economy were at its natural rate of output

3.Is a function of the level of automatic stabilizers

4.both a & c


Question:
The economist who said that international trade was based upon the concept of absolute advantage was:

1.David Ricardo

2.Adam Smith

3.J.S.Mill

4.Bertil Ohlin


Question:
The elasticity of demand for a product will be higher:

1.The more available are substitutes for that product

2.The more its buyers demand loyalty

3.The more the product is considered a necessity by its buyers

4.All of the above


Question:
The fundamental cause for the collapse of the Bretton woods system was:

1.The liquidity problem

2.The adjustment problem

3.The confidence problem

4.None of the above


Question:
The Historical school was based on

1.Deductive method

2.Inductive method

3.Both of above

4.None of these


Question:
The imposition of an import tariff by a nation will increase the nation's welfare:

1.Never

2.Often

3.Sometimes

4.Always


Question:
The interrelation between innovations and investment opportunity was first pointed out by:

1.Schumpeter

2.Samuelson

3.T. R. Hicks

4.Torgenson


Question:
The proportionality between the velocity of price movement and the inflationary gap is:

1.Indirect and irregular

2.Direct and linear

3.Irregular and direct

4.Indirect and non-linear


Question:
The real business cycle theory and the new classical theory agree that

1.Business cycles are driven by changes in Aggregate demand

2.Expectations are formed rationally

3.Imperfect information plays a big role in business cycles

4.None of the above


Question:
The real business cycle theory is most closely related to

1.Keynesian theory

2.Monetarist theory

3.The classical theory

4.The new Keynesian theory


Question:
The role of the progressive tax system as an autonomous fiscal stabilizer requires that the budget

1.Should require actual deficits be equal to zero on average

2.Should go into a surplus at appropriate points in the business cycle.

3.Cannot have a structural deficit component

4.Both a & b


Question:
The traffic which maximizes a country's economic welfare is called

1.Discriminatory traffic

2.Protective traffic

3.Optimum traffic

4.Non-Discriminatory traffic


Question:
The utility may be defined as:

1.The desire for a commodity

2.The usefulness of a commodity

3.The necessity of a commodity

4.The power of a commodity to satisfy wants


Question:
When an individual's income falls(while everything else remains the same), his demand for an inferior good:

1.Increases

2.Decrease

3.Remains unchanged

4.We cannot say without additional information


Question:
When automatic fiscal stabilizers are in place, a shock that causes a fall in the kevel of economic activity automatically

1.Results in a decline in the federal budget deficit that lessens the fall in income

2.Results in a rise in the federal deficit that lessens the fall in income

3.Requires the federal government to balance the budget

4.Will lead to a permanent increase in the budget deficit


Question:
When average product is falling, it is

1.When average product is falling, it is

2.Not measurable in this case

3.Greater than the marginal product

4.Greater than the marginal product


Question:
When the demand curve is a rectangular hyperbola, it represents:

1.Perfectly elastic demand

2.Unitary elastic demand

3.Perfectly inelastic demand

4.Relatively elastic demand


Question:
Which of the following are the most frequently utilized tools of fiscal policy in the United States?

1.Indirect business taxes

2.Corporate income taxes

3.Inheritance taxes

4.Personal income taxes


Question:
Which of the following cannot be used to justify efficiency wages

1.Sticky price(menu cost) models

2.Turnover costs

3.Worker shirking

4.Worker morale


Question:
Which of the following hypotheses about voter behaviour have been advanced in public-choice literature?

1.Voters are myopic

2.Unemployment is more likely to result in vote loss than is higher inflation

3.Deficit bias of the budget process

4.All of the above


Question:
Which of the following is a problem connected with general equilibrium analysis?

1.Uniqueness problem

2.Existence problem

3.stability problem

4.All of the above


Question:
Which of the following is the least liquid asset?

1.Machines

2.Money

3.Shares

4.Bonds


Question:
Which of the following models view changes in real supply-side factors as determinants of short-run fluctuations in output and employment?

1.New classical models

2.Political business cycle models

3.Keynesian models

4.Real business cycle models


Question:
Which of the following statements are correct? In (the)

1.Keynesian model, unemployment is voluntary.

2.Real business cycle model, all unemployment is voluntary

3.New classical models, there is voluntary unemployment

4.Both b&c


Question:
Which of the following statements are correct? In the insider/outsider model there is

1.Unemployment due to the real wage being set above the market clearing level

2.Cyclical unemployment in response to changes in aggregate demand

3.Structural unemployment in response to hysteresis

4.All of the above


Question:
Which of the following statements are(is) correct?

1.Expansionary monetary policy and expansionary fiscal that leads to budget deficits create low interest rates

2.High interest rates in the first half of the 1980s resulted from falls in the budget deficit under the Reagan administration

3.The best monetary-fiscal policy mix to keep interest rates low would be to raise taxes and raise the money supply

4.The answer depends upon the school of thought used to evaluate the effects of deficit policies


Question:
Who has suggested the utilization of “disguised unemployment” as a source of savings potential in underdeveloped countries?

1.W.A Lewis

2.Ragnar Nurkse

3.Gunnar Myrdal

4.K.K Kurihara


Question:
With respect to efficiency wage models the efficiency of workers depends

1.Positively on the money wage they are paid

2.Positively on the real wage paid

3.Inversely on the age of the workers

4.Positively on the unemployment rate


More MCQS

  1. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 1
  2. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 2
  3. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 3
  4. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 4
  5. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 5
  6. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 6
  7. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 7
  8. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 8
  9. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 9
  10. MBA Accounting MCQ Question Set 10
  11. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 1
  12. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 2
  13. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 3
  14. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 4
  15. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 5
  16. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 6
  17. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 7
  18. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 8
  19. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 9
  20. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 10
  21. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 11
  22. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 12
  23. MBA Advertising and Sales Promotion Mcq Set 13
  24. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 1
  25. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 2
  26. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 3
  27. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 4
  28. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 5
  29. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 6
  30. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 7
  31. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 8
  32. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 9
  33. MBA Behavioural and Allied Sciences MCQ Set 10
  34. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 1
  35. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 2
  36. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 3
  37. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 4
  38. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 5
  39. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 1
  40. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 2
  41. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 3
  42. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 4
  43. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 5
  44. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 6
  45. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 7
  46. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 8
  47. MBA Business Communication MCQ Set 9
  48. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 10
  49. MBA Brand Management MCQ Set 11
  50. MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 1
  51. MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 2
  52. MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 3
  53. MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 4
  54. MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 5
  55. MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 6
  56. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 1
  57. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 2
  58. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 3
  59. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 4
  60. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 5
  61. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 6
  62. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 7
  63. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 8
  64. MBA Business Environment MCQ Set 9
  65. MBA Business Ethics and Governance MCQ Set 1
  66. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 1
  67. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 2
  68. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 3
  69. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 4
  70. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 5
  71. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 6
  72. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 7
  73. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 8
  74. MBA Business Law Mcq Set 9
  75. MBA Business Mathematics Mcq Set 1
  76. MBA Business Mathematics Mcq Set 2
  77. MBA Business Mathematics Mcq Set 3
  78. MBA Business Mathematics Mcq Set 4
  79. MBA Business Mathematics Mcq Set 5
  80. MBA Business Mathematics Mcq Set 6
  81. MBA Business Statistics Mcq Set 1
  82. MBA Business Statistics Mcq Set 2
  83. MBA Computers In Management Mcq Set 1
  84. MBA Computers In Management Mcq Set 2
  85. MBA Computers In Management Mcq Set 3
  86. MBA Computers In Management Mcq Set 4
  87. MAB Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 1
  88. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 1
  89. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 2
  90. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 3
  91. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 4
  92. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 5
  93. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 6
  94. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 7
  95. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 8
  96. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 9
  97. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 10
  98. MBA Cost and Managerial Accounting Mcq Set 11
  99. MBA E-Business MCQ Set 1
  100. MBA E-Business MCQ Set 2
  101. MBA E-Business MCQ Set 3
  102. MBA E-Business MCQ Set 4
  103. MBA English Language MCQ Set 1
  104. MBA English Language MCQ Set 2
  105. MBA Entrepreneurship Management MCQ Set 1
  106. MBA Entrepreneurship Management MCQ Set 2
  107. MBA Entrepreneurship Management MCQ Set 3
  108. MBA Entrepreneurship Management MCQ Set 4
  109. MBA Entrepreneurship Management MCQ Set 5
  110. MBA Entrepreneurship Management MCQ Set 6
  111. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 1
  112. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 2
  113. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 3
  114. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 4
  115. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 5
  116. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 6
  117. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 7
  118. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 8
  119. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 9
  120. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 10
  121. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 11
  122. MBA Financial Management MCQ Set 12
  123. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 1
  124. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 2
  125. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 3
  126. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 4
  127. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 5
  128. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 6
  129. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 7
  130. MBA Human Resource Management Mcq Set 8
  131. MBA Insurance and Risk Management Mcq Set 1
  132. MBA Insurance and Risk Management Mcq Set 2
  133. MBA Insurance and Risk Management Mcq Set 3
  134. MBA Insurance and Risk Management Mcq Set 4
  135. MBA Insurance and Risk Management Mcq Set 5
  136. MBA Insurance and Risk Management Mcq Set 6
  137. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 1
  138. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 2
  139. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 3
  140. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 4
  141. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 5
  142. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 6
  143. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 7
  144. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 8
  145. MBA Management Information Systems Mcq Set 9
  146. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 1
  147. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 2
  148. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 3
  149. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 4
  150. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 5
  151. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 6
  152. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 7
  153. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 8
  154. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 9
  155. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 10
  156. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 11
  157. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 12
  158. MBA Marketing Management Mcq Set 13
  159. MBA Media Planning Mcq Set 1
  160. MBA Media Planning Mcq Set 2
  161. MBA Media Planning Mcq Set 3
  162. MBA Media Planning Mcq Set 4
  163. MBA Operations Research Mcq Set 1
  164. MBA Operations Research Mcq Set 2
  165. MBA Operations Research Mcq Set 3
  166. MBA Operations Research Mcq Set 4
  167. MBA Operations Research Mcq Set 5
  168. MBA Organisational Behavior Mcq Set 1
  169. MBA Organisational Behavior Mcq Set 2
  170. MBA Organisational Behavior Mcq Set 3
  171. MBA Organisational Behavior Mcq Set 4
  172. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 1
  173. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 2
  174. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 3
  175. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 4
  176. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 5
  177. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 6
  178. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 7
  179. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 8
  180. MBA Principles and Practices of Management Mcq Set 9
  181. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 1
  182. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 2
  183. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 3
  184. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 4
  185. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 5
  186. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 6
  187. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 7
  188. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 8
  189. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 9
  190. MBA Production and Operations Management Mcq Set 10
  191. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 1
  192. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 2
  193. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 3
  194. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 4
  195. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 5
  196. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 6
  197. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 7
  198. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 8
  199. MBA System Analysis and Design Mcq Set 9
  200. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 1
  201. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 2
  202. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 3
  203. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 4
  204. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 5
  205. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 6
  206. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 7
  207. MBA Total Quality Management Mcq Set 8
Search
R4R Team
R4Rin Top Tutorials are Core Java,Hibernate ,Spring,Sturts.The content on R4R.in website is done by expert team not only with the help of books but along with the strong professional knowledge in all context like coding,designing, marketing,etc!