UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /Indian Geography��� mcq IAS, State PSC, SSC, and other similar competitive exams. Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 The only state in India that produces saffron is

1.Assam

2.Himachal Pradesh

3.Jammu and Kashmir

4.Meghalaya


Question:
 The state having a largest area of forest cover in India is

1.Arunachal Pradesh

2.Haryana

3.Madhya Pradesh

4.Assam


Question:
 The typical area of sal forest in the Indian peninsular upland occurs

1.on the western ghats

2.between the Tapti and the Narmada

3.to the north-east of the Godavari

4.on the Malwa plateau


Question:
 The year ____ is called a Great Divide in the demographic history of India.

1.1901

2.1921

3.1941

4.1951


Question:
 Three important rivers of the Indian subcontinent have their sources near the Mansarover Lake in the Great Himalayas. These rivers are

1.Indus, Jhelum and Sutlej

2..Brahmaputra, Sutlej and Yamuna

3.Brahmaputra, Indus and Sutlej

4.Jhelum, Sutlej and Yamuna


Question:
 Which of the following has a potential for harnessing of tidal energy in India?

1.Gulf of Cambay

2.Gulf of Mannar

3.Backwaters of Kerala

4.Chilka lake


Question:
All of these European countries are landlocked EXCEPT…

1.Austria

2.Hungary

3.Romania

4.None of the above


Question:
Approximately what fraction of the world’s population lives in India?

1.1/3

2.1/6

3. 1/10

4.1/50


Question:
Egypt shares a border with…

1.Libya

2.Saudi Arabia

3.Jordan

4.None of the above


Question:
Guwahati is situated on the banks of the river?

1.Brahmaputra

2.Ganga

3.Yammuna

4.None of the above


Question:
his is the capital of India.
A. 

1.New Delhi

2.Bombay

3.Belfast

4.None of the above


Question:
How many National waterways are there in India?

1.3

2.5

3.9

4.12


Question:
How many oceans touch the Indian mainland?
A. none
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3

1.None

2.1

3.2

4.3


Question:
In India, which of the following are the Southernmost hills?

1.Anaimalai hills

2.Cardamom hills

3. Nilgiri hills

4.None of the above


Question:
In the Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh states, the joint “Rajghat River Valley Project” is launched on—

1.Ken River

2.Chambal River

3. Betwa River

4.None of the above


Question:
In which one of the following states is the Nanga Parbat peak located?

1. Sikkim

2.Himachal Pradesh

3.Jammu and Kashmir

4.None of the above


Question:
In which one of the following states of India is the Pamayangtse Monastery situated?

1.Nagaland

2.Himachal Pradesh

3.Sikkim

4.None of the above


Question:
In which state do the Mansoon arrives first?

1. Assam

2.Maharashtra

3.Kerala

4.None of the above


Question:
Indravati is a tributary of which river?

1.Ganga

2.Godavari

3.Krishna

4.None of the above


Question:
Nepal is the only country in the world whose flag…

1.does not contain a primary color

2.is not four-sided

3. has only one solid color

4.None of the above


Question:
One U.S. state alone contains more than half the nation’s coastline. Which is it?

1.Florida

2.Alaska

3.California

4.None of the above


Question:
Roughly what percent of Indians work in agriculture?

1.50%

2.33%

3. 80%

4.10%


Question:
The city of Nasik is situated on the banks of which river in India?

1.Krishna

2.Godavari

3.Narmada

4.Koshi


Question:
The Gulf of Mannar is situated along the coast which state in India?

1.Karnatka

2.Kerala

3.Tamil Nadu

4.Telangana


Question:
The India’s highest annual rainfall is reported at

1.Namchi, Sikkim

2.Churu, Rajasthan

3.Mawsynram, Meghalaya

4.Chamba, Himachal Pradesh


Question:
The length of the Indian coast line is—

1. 5000 km

2. 5500 km

3.7516·6 km

4.None of the above


Question:
The most plausible explanation for the location of the Thar desert in western India is

1.the obstruction caused by the Aravalis to the rain-bearing wind that proceeds to the Ganga Valley

2.the evaporation of moisture by heat

3..the absence of mountains to the north of Rajasthan to cause orographic rainfall in it

4.that the moisture carried by the South-west monsoon is driven away by the dry upper air current


Question:
The mountain building in Himalayas began

1.about 45 million years ago

2.when the continental plates of India and Eurasia converged on each other

3.both (a) and (b)

4.None of the above


Question:
The northern boundary of the peninsular plateau of Indian runs parallel to the Ganga and the Yamuna from Rajmahal hills to a point near

1.Allahabad

2.Delhi

3.Gwalior

4.Jaipur


Question:
The number of major languages, recognized in the Indian Union as official language, are

1.15

2.22

3.12.

4.9


Question:
The oldest oil field in India is the ____ field, in ___

1..Anleshwar, Gujarat

2.Bombay High, Maharashtra

3.Nawagam, Gujarat

4.Digboi, Assam


Question:
The oldest rocks in India are reported from

1.Dharwar region, Karnataka

2.Aravalli range, Rajasthan

3.Vindhyan range, Madhya Pradesh

4.Siwalik range, Punjab


Question:
The only private sector refinery set up by Reliance Petroleum Ltd. is located at

1.Guwahati

2.Jamnagar

3.Mumbai

4.Chennai


Question:
The only zone in the country that produces gold is also rich in iron is

1.North-eastern zone

2.North-western zone

3.Southern zone

4.None of the above


Question:
The originating in the Himalayan mountain complex consists of how many distinct drainage systems of the Indian Subcontinent?

1.Two

2.Three

3.Four

4.Five


Question:
The Paithan (Jayakwadi) Hydro-electric project, completed with the help of Japan, is on the river

1.Ganga

2.Cauvery

3.Narmada

4.Godavari


Question:
The present forest area of India, according to satellite data, is

1.increasing

2.decreasing

3.static

4.decreasing in open forest area but increasing in closed forest area


Question:
The principal copper deposits of India lie in which of the following places?

1.Hazaribag and Singbhum of Bihar

2.Khetri and Daribo areas of Rajasthan

3..Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh

4.Siwaliks in Uttar Pradesh and in Karnataka


Question:
The Radcliffe line is a boundary between

1..India and Pakistan

2.India and China

3.India and Myanmar

4..India and Afghanistan


Question:
The refineries are Mathura, Digboi and Panipat are set up by

1.Indian Oil Corporation Ltd

2.Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

3.Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

4.Crude Distillation unit of Madras Refineries Ltd.


Question:
The Shimla Convention is an agreement that sets

1.Shimla as a tourist spot

2.Shimla as the capital of Himachal Pradesh

3.boundary between India and Tibet

4.None of the above


Question:
The south-west monsoon contributes ____ of the total rain in India.

1..86%

2.50%

3..22%

4..100%


Question:
The watershed between India and Myanmar is formed by

1..the Naga hills

2.the Garo hills

3.Khasi hills

4..the Jaintia hills


Question:
The Yarlung Zangbo river, in India, is known as

1.Ganga

2.Indus

3.Brahmaputra

4.Mahanadi


Question:
The zonal soil type of peninsular India belongs to

1..red soils

2.yellow soils

3.black soils

4.older alluvium


Question:
Unlike other parts of the Indian Coast, fishing industry has not developed along the Saurashtra coast because

1.there are few indentions suitable for fishing

2.of overwhelming dependence on agriculture and animal husbandary

3.the sea water is relatively more saline

4.of industrial development leading to widespread pollution of coastal area


Question:
Unlike other parts of the Indian Coast, fishing industry has not developed along the Saurashtra coast because

1.there are few indentions suitable for fishing

2.of overwhelming dependence on agriculture and animal husbandary

3.the sea water is relatively more saline

4.of industrial development leading to widespread pollution of coastal area


Question:
Uzbekistan and Liechtenstein are the only two countries on earth that…

1.re “doubly-landlocked” – you have to cross two other countries to reach ocean

2.have “negative altitude” – the average elevation is below sea level

3.practice “full libertarianism” – there is no police force

4.None of the above


Question:
What country borders the most other countries – 14 in all?

1.China

2.Brazil

3.Austria

4.None of the above


Question:
What do the tiny countries of Lesotho, San Marino and Vatican City have in common?

1.They don’t allow cars

2.They each have fewer than 5,000 citizens

3.They’re completely contained inside another country

4.None of the above


Question:
What is the meaning of the name Himalaya in Sanskrit?

1.Abode of snow

2. The high one

3.Rocky mountains

4. Peak of heaven


Question:
What is the name of the boundary that separated India from Pakistan, set in 1947?

1.Radcliffe Line

2.Plimsoll Line

3.Green Line

4.Durand Line


Question:
What is the name of the tallest mountain in India?

1.Kanchenjunga

2.Everest

3.Elbrus

4.Damāvand


Question:
What is the name of the tallest mountain in India?

1.Mumbai

2.Chennai

3.Agra

4.Delhi


Question:
What is the population of India?

1.500 thousand

2. 500 million

3.930 thousand

4.930 million


Question:
What is the predominant type of Indian agriculture?

1.Commercial agriculture

2.Extensive agriculture

3..plantation agriculture

4.subsistence agriculture


Question:
What’s the lowest point in North America?

1.The Grand Canyon (Arizona)

2.Death Valley (California)

3.Niagara Gorge (US-Canada Border)

4.None of the above


Question:
What’s the only continent in all four hemispheres -– north, east, south and west?

1. South America

2.North America

3.Africa

4.None of the above


Question:
What’s the only country named after its current rulers?

1.Saudi Arabia

2.Cambodia

3. Dominican Republic

4.None of the above


Question:
Where are the coal reserves of India largely concentrated?

1.Mahanadi valley

2. Damodar valley

3.Godavari valley

4.None of the above


Question:
Where is Thattekad Bird Sanctuary located?

1.Kerala

2.Tamil Nadu

3.Karnataka

4.None of the above


Question:
Which among the following is/are the major factor/factors responsible for the monsoon type of climate in India?
I. Location
II. Thermal contrast
III. Upper air circulation
IV. Inter-tropical convergence zone

1.I

2..II, III

3..II, III and IV

4.I, II, III and IV


Question:
which atomic power station in India is built completely indigenously?

1.Kalpakkam

2.Narora

3.Rawat Bhata

4.Tarapore


Question:
Which city is NOT one of South Africa’s three capital cities?

1.Pretoria

2.Cape Town

3.Johannesburg

4.None of the above


Question:
Which country is at the southern end of Central America, at the border of South America?

1.Costa Rica

2.Panama

3.Nicaragua

4.None of the above


Question:
Which Indian city is home to the Taj Mahal?

1.Mumbai

2.Chennai

3.Agra

4.Delhi


Question:
Which mountains form the eastern and western edges of the Deccan plateau?

1.Eastern and Western Ghats

2.Himalayas

3.Urals

4.Hindu Kush


Question:
Which of the following are true regarding Jhum cultivation in India?
I. It is largely practiced in Assam
II. It is referred to as ‘slash and burn’ technique
III. In it, the fertility is exhausted in a few years

1.I, II and III

2.II and III

3.I and II

4..I and III


Question:
Which of the following cities has the largest population?

1.Chennai

2.Kolkata

3.Hyderabad

4.Mumbai


Question:
Which of the following crops needs maximum water per hectare?

1.Barley

2.Maize

3.Sugarcane

4.Wheat


Question:
Which of the following events took place in the Cenozoic era?

1.Formation of the rockies, India collides with Asia and the formation of the Himalayas and the Alps

2.Formation of the Appalachians and central European mountains

3.Splitting of India from Antarctic

4.Breaking up of Pangaea


Question:
Which of the following events took place in the Cenozoic era?

1.Formation of the rockies, India collides with Asia and the formation of the Himalayas and the Alps

2.Formation of the Appalachians and central European mountains

3.Splitting of India from Antarctic

4.Breaking up of Pangaea


Question:
Which of the following factors are responsible for the rapid growth of sugar production in south India as compared to north India?
I. Higher per acre field of sugarcane
II. Higher sucrose content of sugarcane
III. Lower labour cost
IV. Longer crushing period

1.I and II

2.I, II and III

3..I, III and IV

4.I, II and IV


Question:
Which of the following food grain crops occupies the largest part of the cropped area in India?

1.Barley and maize

2.Jowar and bajra

3.Rice

4.Wheat


Question:
Which of the following geographical features have played a great unifying role in strengthening the forces of homogeneity of the Indian people?I. The expanses of water surrounding the peninsula
II. The Himalayan Mountains
III. The vastness of the country
IV. The presence of the Indian ocean

1.I

2.II

3.I and II

4.I, II, III and IV


Question:
Which of the following groups of rivers have their source of origin in Tibet?which of the following can cause a serious edible oil crisis in India?

1..Brahmaputra, Ganges and Sutlej

2.Ganges, Sutlej and Yamuna

3.Brahmaputra, Indus and Sutlej

4.Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej


Question:
Which of the following groups of rivers originate from the Himachal mountains?

1.Beas, Ravi and Chenab

2.Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum

3..Sutlej, Beas and Ravi

4.Sutlej, Ravi and Jhelum


Question:
Which of the following groups of states has the largest deposits of iron ore?

1..Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

2.Bihar and Orissa

3.Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

4.West Bengal and Assam


Question:
Which of the following is NOT found in India?

1.glacier

2.iceberg

3.desert

4.lagoon


Question:
Which of the following measures are effective for soil conservation in India?Avoiding crop rotation II. Afforestation III. Encouraging the use of chemical fertilizers IV.Limiting shifting cultivation

1..I and II

2..II and IV

3..III and IV

4.I, II and III


Question:
Which of the following rivers have almost the same point of emerging?

1.Brahmaputra and Ganga

2. Tapi and Beas

3.Brahmaputra and Indus

4.None of the above


Question:
Which of the following union territories of India has the highest density of population per sq km?

1.Pondicherry

2.Lakshadweep

3.Delhi

4.Chandigarh


Question:
Which of these countries does NOT border Brazil?

1.olivia

2.Uruguay

3.Chile

4.None of the above


Question:
Which of these countries does NOT border France?

1.Italy

2.Switzerland

3.The Netherlands

4.None of the above


Question:
Which of these countries does NOT border India?

1.Iran

2.Pakistan

3.Nepal

4.None of the above


Question:
Which of these countries does NOT border Israel ?

1.Egypt

2.Iran

3.Syria

4.None of the above


Question:
Which one of the following areas of India does not come under the zone of high seismic intensity?

1. Uttarakhand

2.Karnataka Plateau

3.Kachchh

4.None of the above


Question:
Which one of the following Indian rivers forms an estuary?

1.Godavari

2.Kaveri

3.Tapi

4.None of the above


Question:
Which one of the following rivers originates near Mahabaleshwar ?

1.Godavari

2.Krishna

3.Kaveri

4.None of the above


Question:
With reference to the climate of India, the western disturbances originate over which one of the following?

1.Arabian Sea

2.Baltic Sea

3. Caspian Sea

4.None of the above


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