UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /Hydrosphere General Knowledge Questions Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 In which of the ocean is Sargasso Sea?

1.Atlantic Ocean

2.Pacific Ocean

3. Indian Ocean

4.Arctic Ocean


Question:
 The Atlantic Ocean routes are busier than the Pacific Ocean routes because Atlantic Ocean _____

1.Routes are shorter

2.. Routes are not so dangerous

3.Is surrounded on both sides by industrialised nations

4.Has better shipping facilities


Question:
 The average salinity of the sea water is ________ parts per thousand.

1.25

2.35

3.50

4.60


Question:
 The Grand Banks are famous fishing grounds in the ________ region.

1. North-West Pacific

2.South-East Pacific

3.North-West Atlantic

4.North-East Atlantic


Question:
 The greatest known ocean depth (which lies in the Pacific Ocean) is ________

1.A. 8890 m

2. 9653 m

3.10589 m

4.11021 m


Question:
A narrow strip of land bordered on both sides by water, connecting two large bodies of land is known as 

1.An isthmus

2.A lagoon

3.A peninsula

4.A strait


Question:
A ship met with an accident at 30ºC and 35ºN. The ship was sailing in the ________

1.Baltic Sea

2.Black Sea

3.Mediterranean Sea

4.Red Sea


Question:
A wide inlet of the sea usually concave in shape, is termed as a

1.Strait

2.Sound

3.Bay

4.Fjord


Question:
An artificial navigation channel is called

1. Canal

2.Greenhouse effect

3.Flord

4.Caprock


Question:
Find the odd

1.Dead Sea

2.Red Sea

3.Black Sea

4.Caspian Sea


Question:
Fishing grounds are concentrated in the high latitudes. The reasons are:,1. great length of indented coastline,2. extensive continental shelves,3. water temperatures lower than 20°C,4. sparse population

1.1 2 and 3

2.2 3 and 4

3.1 and 2

4.2 and 4


Question:
Hawaiian islands are located in ________

1.North Atlantic Ocean

2.South Atlantic Ocean

3.North Pacific Ocean

4.South Pacific Ocean


Question:
Imaginary lines connecting places in oceans having equal salinity are called

1.Isotherms

2.Isobars

3.Isohalines

4.Isohyets


Question:
In which one of the following oceans is Diamantina Trench situated?

1.Pacific Ocean

2.Atlantic Ocean

3.Indian Ocean

4.Arctic Ocean


Question:
In which river is “Grand canyon”?

1.Mississippi

2.Colorado

3.Columbia

4.Ohara


Question:
Maximum amount of herring fish is obtained from ________

1.The North Sea around the Netherlands

2.The coastal areas from Alaska to California

3.The Sea of Japan

4.The Gulf of Mexico


Question:
Niagara Falls is located between which of the following pairs of lakes?

1.Lake Superior and Lake Huron

2.Lake Huron and Lake Erie

3.Lake Erie and Lake Ontario

4.Lake Ontario and Lake Huron


Question:
Of the following the busiest oceanic trade route is ________

1.Cape route

2.North Atlantic route

3.Panama canal

4.Suez canal


Question:
Of the following, which capital city is not situated on the banks of the river Danube?

1.Vienna

2.Rome

3.Budapest

4.Belgrade


Question:
One will have to pass through the Suez Canal while going from Bombay to ________

1.Alexandria

2.Suez

3.Port Said

4.Benghazi


Question:
Ring of Fire is found commonly in

1.Pacific Ocean

2.Atlantic Ocean

3.Indian Ocean

4.Arctic Ocean


Question:
Rivers in “Annular” pattern flow in which direction?

1.West to East

2.North to South

3. Like a ring

4.Transverse direction


Question:
Sargasso sea is located in ___

1.North Pacific Ocean

2.North Atlantic Ocean

3.North Sea

4.South Atlantic Ocean


Question:
The ‘Water table’ refers to ________

1.The lower limit of the zone of saturation

2. The upper limit of the zone of saturation

3.The contact zone of permeable and impermeable rocks

4. Seepage of water into fissures lying below the earth’s surface


Question:
The Coast of Norway is an example of

1.Dalmatian Coast

2.Fjord Coast

3.Ria Coast

4.Pelagic Coast


Question:
The current produced by upwelling of cold water off the coast of Chile and Peru is known as

1.El Nino

2.Humboldt current

3.Agulhas current

4.Canary current


Question:
The deepest surface depression on earth is

1.Kuri Trench

2.Mariana Trench

3.Tonga-Kermadec Trench

4.Bentley Subglacial Trench


Question:
The deepest trench of the Indian Ocean is

1. Java Trench

2.Aleutian Trench

3.Atacama Trench

4.Tizard Trench


Question:
The Dogger Bank, the main fishing area of Europe, lies in

1.Baltic Sea

2.English Channel

3.North Sea

4.Norwegian Sea


Question:
The ideal conditions for coral growth are:,I. water temperature around 20°C,II. tropical waters (between 30°N and 30°S),III. highly saline water,IV. adequate oxygen

1.I II and IV

2.I III and IV

3.I II and III

4.II III and IV


Question:
The important fishing areas called Grand Bank and Georges Bank located in the waters of which one of the following?

1. North Pacific

2.South Pacific

3.South-west Atlantic

4.North-west Atlantic


Question:
The islands of Seychelles are located in the ________

1.Arctic Ocean

2.Atlantic Ocean

3.Indian Ocean

4.Pacific Ocean


Question:
The Kiel Canal links the __

1.Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea

2.Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean

3. North Sea and Baltic Sea

4.Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea


Question:
The lake Ontario and St. Lawrence of USA and Canada lie to the south-east of

1.Hudson Bay

2.Labrador Sea

3.. Atlantic Ocean

4.New Found land


Question:
The largest delta of the World is

1. Nippon Delta

2.Sicily Delta

3. Ganga Delta

4.Caspian Delta


Question:
The largest reserves of fresh water on the Earth’s surface is in ________

1.North America

2.South America

3.Russia

4.Africa – North America – Europe – South America


Question:
The Lena river passes through which country?

1. China

2.USA

3.Russia

4.Brazil


Question:
The main part of water in coastal areas of ocean which is located near the main region of continents are called

1.Topography

2.Ocean Peak

3.Continental Shelf

4.Continental Slope


Question:
The Marine cliffs are formed mainly due to

1.Ocean Currents

2.Structure of Shall

3.Coast of Sea

4.Depth of The Ocean


Question:
The most important navigable river in, Central Europe that provides a link between seven countries-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Rome, Russia and Yugoslavia is ___

1.Volga

2.Rhine

3.Dnieper

4.Danube


Question:
The oceanic current named as ‘Kuroshio – Kurile and Alaskan’ are located in

1.A. North Atlantic Ocean

2.South Atlantic Ocean

3.North Pacific Ocean

4.North Indian Ocean


Question:
The Panama Canal links __

1.Mediterranean Sea with Red Sea

2.Atlantic Ocean with Indian Ocean

3.Indian Ocean with Mediterranean Sea

4.Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean


Question:
The Strait connecting Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal is ________

1.Bering Strait

2.Dover Strait

3.Palk Strait

4.Vermosa Strait


Question:
The tides in the Sea are primarily due to

1.The atmospheric effect of the Earth

2.The gravitational effect of Venus on the Earth

3.The gravitational effect of the Sun on the Earth

4.The gravitational effect of the Moon on the Earth


Question:
The World’s major commercial fishing grounds are located in the ____

1.Cool waters of the northern hemisphere in comparatively higher latitudes

2. Equatorial water

3.Temperate waters of tropical seas

4.Warm water of seas in southern hemisphere


Question:
To which of the following, Grand Bank and Dogger Bank are related?

1.Tidal power plants

2.Main fish catching zone

3.Scuba diving

4.Shipping


Question:
Two main cold currents in the North Pacific Ocean are known as

1.Oyashio and California currents

2.Alaska and Kuroshio currents

3.North Equatorial and Counter Equatorial currents

4.North Pacific and Kuroshio currents


Question:
Under normal conditions, which one of the following is the correct sequential developments of features made by fluvial action?

1.Waterfalls – Meander bars – River terraces – Oxbow lakes

2.Meander bars – River terraces – Waterfalls – Oxbow lakes

3.Waterfalls – River terraces – Meander bars – Oxbow lakes

4.River terraces – Meander – Waterfalls – Oxbow lakes


Question:
Victoria Falls in Africa are located on ________

1.River Niger

2.River Congo

3.. River Zambezi

4.River Nile


Question:
When water freezes in the polar seas the salts ___

1.Form a layer on top

2.Remain in the subsurface water that does not freeze

3.Sink to the bottom

4.Partly freeze and partly sink to the bottom


Question:
Where are the Balearic Islands located?

1. Mediterranean Sea

2.Black Sea

3.Baltic Sea

4.North Sea


Question:
Where is world’s deepest trench “Mariana Trench” located?

1.In Indian Ocean

2.In Atlantic Ocean

3. In Arctic Ocean

4.In Pacific Ocean


Question:
Which among the following currents is produced by upwelling of water off the coast of Chile and Peru?

1.Canarie Current

2.Humboldt Current

3.Benguela Current

4.Kuroshio Current


Question:
Which among these Islands has coral reef?

1.Aleutian

2.Hawaiian

3. Andaman and Nicobar

4.Falklands Island


Question:
Which factors influence ocean currents?,I. Coriolis force,II. Local winds,III. Waves,IV. Continent shape
A. 

1.I and IV

2.I III and IV

3.I and III

4.. I II and IV


Question:
Which is the largest river of the Asia?
 

1.Indus River

2. Yangtze River

3.Hwang Ho River

4.Ganga River


Question:
Which is the longest current known as “Black Current” due to its black colour?

1.Gulf Stream

2.Kuroshio

3.California Current

4.Antarctica Current


Question:
Which is the smallest among the following water bodies?

1.Arctic Sea

2.Hudson Bay

3.Japan Sea

4.Okhotsk Sea


Question:
Which of the following are factors that effect the movement of ocean currents?,I. Earth’s gravity,II. Atmospheric pressure,III. Winds,IV. Salinity of the water,V. Seasonal Variations

1.I III and IV

2. I II and V

3. III IV and V

4.All of these


Question:
Which of the following cities is incorrectly matched to the river on which it is situated?

1.Budapest – River Danube

2. Baghad – River Tigris

3.Amsterdam – River Amsel

4.Alexandria – River Niger


Question:
Which of the following city is located on the banks of river Potomac?

1.Berlin

2.Madrid

3.Islamabad

4.Washington


Question:
Which of the following connects the ocean floor level with the continental level ?

1.Continental slope

2.Continental shelf

3.Epicontinental sea

4.Sea shelf


Question:
Which of the following current is responsible for rise in temperature in westen Europe?

1.Labrador Current

2. Gulf stream

3. Canary Current

4.North Eqatorial


Question:
Which of the following features is not formed by running water?

1.Valleys

2.Tunnels

3.Gorges

4.Canyons


Question:
Which of the following is a tropical ocean current?

1.Curiel

2.Canary

3.Labrador

4.Gulf Stream


Question:
Which of the following is the largest irrigation canal in the world?

1.Panama Canal

2.Sirhind Canal

3.Suez Canal

4.Indira Gandhi Canal


Question:
Which of the following ocean current is not found in Atlantic ocean?

1.Gulf Stream

2.Brazilian Stream

3.Peru Current

4.Canary Current


Question:
Which of the following rivers falls into the Atlantic Ocean?,1. Orinoco,2. Danube,3. Amazon,4. Congo

1.1 2 and 3

2.1 3 and 4

3. 2 3 and 4

4. 1 2 and 4


Question:
Which one among the following best explains the reason for the eastern and western boundaries of the Pacific Ocean experiencing frequent earthquake?

1.There are deep ocean trenches along these margins

2.High mountain stretch along the continental margins adjacent to this ocean

3.The currents of the vast Pacific Ocean continue to dash against the continental margins

4.These margins coincide with the plate margins


Question:
Which one of the following cities is associated with the river Mekong ?

1.Hong Kong

2.Phnom-Penh

3.Shanghai

4.Yangon


Question:
Which one of the following conditions are not favourable for the growth of coral reefs ?

1.Sediment free water

2.Fresh water

3.Moderate saline water

4.Disturbed water and currents


Question:
Which one of the following countries does not border Mediterranean Sea?

1.Malta

2.Libya

3.Italy

4.Bulgaria


Question:
Which one of the following countries is planning to construct a rival to the Panama Canal to link the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans?

1.Colombia

2.Costa Rica

3.Guatemala

4.Nicaragua


Question:
Which one of the following European countries borders Atlantic Ocean?

1.Portugal

2.Austria

3.Finland

4.Romania


Question:
Which one of the following factors is responsible for the change in the regular direction of the ocean currents in the Indian Ocean?

1. Indian Ocean is ‘half an ocean’

2. Indian Ocean has Monsoon drift

3.Indian Ocean is a land-locked ocean

4.Indian Ocean has greater variation in salinity


Question:
Which one of the following is not a landform which results due to rejuvenation of a river?

1.Incised meander

2.Knick point

3.Oxbow lake

4.Rive terrace


Question:
Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the following topographical features found from upper to lower course of a river?

1.Ox-bow lake-Rapids-Estuary

2.Rapids-Estuary-Ox-bow lake

3.Rapids- Ox-bow lake – Estuary

4.Estuary- Ox-bow lake-Rapids


Question:
Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the four stages of water movement in a hydrological cycle?

1.Evaporation – Condensation – Precipitation – Infiltration

2.Evaporation – Precipitation – Condensation – Infiltration

3.Infiltration – Evaporation – Condensation – Infiltration

4.Condensation – Precipitation – Evaporation – Infiltration


Question:
Which one of the following seas is without a coastline?

1.White sea

2.Sargasso sea

3.Sea of Okhotsk

4.Tasman sea


Question:
Which river has the largest drainage basin?

1.Nile

2.Mississippi

3.Congo

4.Amazon


Question:
Which set of two rivers form the world’s largest delta before their waters flows into the respective sea?

1.Rhine – Seine

2.Nile – Euphrates

3.Ganges – Brahmaputra

4.Danube – Thames


Question:
Why are major fishing areas of the world confined to the temperate zone?,I. Cold and warm currents meet, creating conditions favourable for plankton growth,II. The fish of these waters are highly palatable as human food,III. There is a ready mark, in the land masses of the zone,IV. The existence of submarine plateaus help in growth of fish population

1. I II and IV

2. II III and IV

3. I III and IV

4.I II III and IV


Question:
Why are the ports of Baltic sea opened for trade in winter?

1.It is tropical belt

2. North Atlantic warm currents flow in this region

3.Local factors keep it warm

4.Western disturbances increase the temperature


Question:
With reference to a fresh water lake, consider the following characteristics:,1. Richness in nutrients,2. Rapid turnover of phytoplankton,3. Depletion of dissolved oxygen,Which of the above is/are observed in a lake after its eutrophication?

1.1 only

2.1 and 2 only

3.3 only

4.1 2 and 3


Question:
With reference to Ocean currents consider the following statements:,1. West Australian current is a warm current.,2. North East Monsoon Drift flows in the Indian Ocean during winter season.,3. Equatorial counter current does not flow in the Indian Ocean during winter season.,4. Kuroshic current in the Pacific Ocean is like Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean.

1.1 and 2

2.1 and 4

3.2 and 3

4.2 and 4


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