UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /Lithosphere Multiple Choice Questions Set 1 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 A landscape which is caused due to the fissure in the earth along which one side has moved down with reference to the other is known as?

1.Rift Valley

2.U Shaped Valley

3.V Shaped Valley

4.Hanging Valley


Question:
 As the river enters the plain it twists and turns forming large bends known as

1.Crooks

2.Flections

3.Rounds

4.Meanders


Question:
 Changing of colour of a rock into yellow or red is due to

1.Hydration

2.Oxidation

3.Carbonation

4.Exfoliation


Question:
 In which part of Africa, Sahara desert is located?

1.Eastern

2.Western

3.Northern

4.Southern


Question:
 Mauna Loa is an example of ________

1. Active volcano

2.Extinct volcano

3.Plateau in a volcanic region

4. Dormant volcano


Question:
 One of the following is not the result of underground water action

1.Stalactities

2.Stalagmites

3.Sink holes

4.Fiords


Question:
 The movement inside the Earth’s crust is studied by which of the following?

1.Geology

2.Seismology

3.Plate Tectonics

4.Pantograph


Question:
 The smallest island country in the Indian Ocean is

1.Maldives

2.Sri Lanka

3.Mauritius

4.Madagascar


Question:
 The soil formed by wind dust in and around hot deserts is called

1.Silty soil

2. Loamy soil

3.Sandy soil

4.Loess soil


Question:
 The type of igneous rocks which are formed midway between volcanic and plutonic rocks, are known as ___

1.Basalt

2.Hypabyssal

3.Laccolith

4.Batholith


Question:
 What is the name of the deadly volcano in Indonesia that erupted again in May 2016?

1.Mount Sinabung

2.Mount Merapi

3.Mount Rinjani

4.Mount Agung


Question:
 What process takes place during the youthful stage of a river?

1.Valley widening

2. River rejuvenating

3.Valley deepening

4.Meandering


Question:
 Which of the following city is known as the “Eternal City”?

1.London

2.Rome

3.Athens

4.Berlin


Question:
 Which of the following is not a sedimentary rock?

1.Limestone

2.Marble

3.Sandstone

4.Shale


Question:
A V-shaped valley is a feature produced by ________

1. Youthful river

2.Mature river

3.Old river

4.All the above


Question:
A valley with steep, parallel walls along the faultlines, formed by the subsidence of a part of earth’s crust is known as _

1.Hanging Valley

2.Gorge

3.Canyon

4.Rift Valley


Question:
Alps mountains are spread over

1.France Switzerland Italy Romania

2.France Switzerland Italy Austria

3.France Switzerland Italy Spain

4.France Switzerland Italy Belgium


Question:
Artesian wells are found in ________

1.Sedimentary rocks

2.Igneous rocks

3.Metamorphic rocks

4.None of the these


Question:
Colorado in U.S.A is famous for this landform ________

1.Grand Canyon

2.Grand Crators

3.Great Valleys

4.Great Basins


Question:
Consider the following statements about rocks:,1. Shale becomes slate through metamorphosis.,2. Shale is converted to slate when it is subjected to tremendous pressure and high temperature.,Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1.1 only

2.2 only

3.Both 1 and 2

4.Neither 1 nor 2


Question:
Consider the following statements:,1. The acid lava usually melts at a relatively higher temperature as compared to basic (basaltic) lava.,2. The acid lava solidifies into glass-like sheets and the basaltic lava solidifies into rough surfaces.,Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1.1 only

2.2 only

3. Both 1 and 2

4.Neither 1 nor 2


Question:
Continents have drifted apart because of ________

1.Volcanic eruptions

2.Tectonic activities

3.Folding and faulting of rocks

4.All the above


Question:
Corsica Island is related to

1. Mussolini

2.Hitler

3. Napoleon Bonaparte

4.Churchill


Question:
Dhaulagiri peak in the Himalayan Range is located in

1. Bhutan

2.Nepal

3.Sikkim

4.Uttar Pradesh


Question:
Earthquakes and volcanoes occur mostly in ________

1.Plateau region

2.Deep sea plains

3.Coastal Region

4.Folded and faulted region


Question:
Earthquakes occur frequently in _____

1.Eastern coast of Asia

2.Islands of South East Pacific Ocean

3.Western coast of America

4. All of the above areas


Question:
Earthquakes rarely occur in ____

1.Alaska

2.Brazil

3.Mexico

4.New Zealand


Question:
Extensive deserts occur in the western tropical regions of continents because

1.Of easterly trade winds

2.Cold ocean currents flow along the western coasts

3.Of the effect of both the offshore easterly

4.The rate of evaportation is greater along the


Question:
Formation of pot holes in river beds is an example of __

1. Hydration

2.Erosion

3.Corrosion

4.Attrition


Question:
How are the caves of the world’s greatest fold mountains formed?

1.Regular movement

2.Vertical movement

3.Horizontal movement

4.Compressional movement


Question:
In which type of topography, water recharge pores are found?

1.Karst

2.Terrain

3.Desert

4.Tundra


Question:
Moon shaped sand-dunes, formed by wind action are called ________

1.Cirque

2.Bajada

3.Barkhans

4.Mesa


Question:
Sink hole is a phenomenon of ________ topography

1.Plain

2.Desert

3.Tundra

4.Karst


Question:
The average elevation of Tibetan Plateau above sea level is ________

1. 2 km

2.3 km

3.4 km

4.5 km


Question:
The ‘ring of fire’ :,1. is associated with earthquakes,2. is associated with volcanoes,3. goes round the Pacific Ocean,4. is associated with forest fires

1.1 2 and 3

2.2 and 3

3.2 and 4

4.1 2 3 and 4


Question:
The capacity of rock to allow water to pass through it is called

1.Hardness

2.Jointing

3.Porosity

4.Permeability


Question:
The Hawaii islands are the top of submerged ___

1.Block mountains

2. Folded mountains

3.Volcanic mountains

4.Dome mountains


Question:
The highest grade of coal whose surface is shining and has the highest calorific value, is ________

1.Anthracite

2.Bituminous

3.Lignite

4.Peat


Question:
The majority of Earth’s crust is composed of which rock?

1.Igneous

2.Metamorphic

3.Sedimetary

4.Carbonate


Question:
The most common igneous rock is

1.Basalt

2.Granite

3.Limestone

4.Cobalt


Question:
The mountain which separates Asia and Europe is?

1.Allai Mountain Range

2.Alps Mountain

3. Ural Mountain

4.Rocky Mountain


Question:
The movement inside the Earth’s crust is studied by ________

1.Geodesy

2.Geology

3.Plate Tectonics

4.Seismology


Question:
The principal reason for the formation of metamorphic rocks is ____

1.Decomposition of sediments

2.Deposition of remains of plants and animals

3.Extreme heat and pressure

4. Solidification of magma


Question:
The Rocks of granite are changed into which of the following due to metamorphism?

1.Marble

2.Feldspar

3.Gneiss

4.Quartz


Question:
The series of line which connects the places of similar shocks at the same time is called

1.Coseismal Lines

2. Isoseismal Line

3.Homoseismal Line

4.Seismo Lines


Question:
The soil material is mainly derived from ________

1.Metamorphic rocks

2.Sedimentary rocks

3.Igneous rocks

4. Biological action


Question:
The well-defined zones of seismic activity in the world where the largest number of earthquakes originates is ____

1.Mediterranean Zone

2.Circum Pacific Belt

3.Mid oceanic Rift Valley Zone

4.African Rift Valley Zone


Question:
The World’s largest island is

1.Greenland

2.Iceland

3.New Guinea

4.Madagascar


Question:
Where does Moraine form?

1.Deltas of Rivers

2.Dry Zones

3.Glacial Region

4.Monsoon Region


Question:
Which among these is a metamorphic rock?

1.Gneiss

2.Sandstone

3.Basalt

4.Limestone


Question:
Which of the following are correctly matched?,1. Active volcano : Stromboli (Sicily),2. Dormant volcano : Vesuvius (Italy),3. Extinct volcano : Fujiyama (Japan)

1.1 and 2

2. 2 and 3

3.1 and 3

4. 1 2 and 3


Question:
Which of the following are Metamorphic rocks?

1.Gneiss and Mafic

2.Gneiss and Schist

3.Schist and Mafic

4.Schist and Chalk


Question:
Which of the following areas or regions is most prone to earthquakes?

1.Deccan Plateau

2.Ganga Brahmaputra Valley

3.Plains of northern India

4.Western Ghats


Question:
Which of the following belts are associated with seismic activity? ,1. Circum-Pacific Belt,2. Circum-Atlantic Belt,3. Mid-Continental Belt,4. Mid-Atlantic Belt

1.1 2 and 4

2.1 3 and 4

3.1 2 and 3

4.2 3 and 4


Question:
Which of the following forms of coal is the oldest?

1. Peat

2.Lignite

3.Bituminous

4.Anthracite


Question:
Which of the following is a block mountain?

1.Andes

2.Alps

3.Rockies

4.Vosges


Question:
Which of the following is a metamorphic rock?

1.Slate

2.Sandstone

3.Shole

4.Limestone


Question:
Which of the following is a typical feature of volcanic eruption?

1.Horsts

2.Dykes

3.Basin

4.Drumlin


Question:
Which of the following is an organic rock?

1.Marble

2.Coal

3.Granite

4.Slate


Question:
Which of the following pairs is correct ?

1. Shale-possesses laminations

2.Quartzite-soft rock

3.Granite-sometimes contains fossils

4.Basalt-coarse grained rock


Question:
Which of the following statements is/are correct?,1. The major constituent mineral of granite rock is quartz.,2. The major constituent mineral of sandstone rock is feldspar.,3. The major constituent mineral of limestone rock is dolomite.,Select the correct answer using the code given below

1.1 2 and 3

2.3 only

3.1 and 2 only

4. 2 and 3 only


Question:
Which of the following, Indonesian Territory became victim of terrible Earthquake in 2004?

1.Irian Jaya

2.Sumatra

3.Kalibangan

4.Java


Question:
Which of the geological phenomena cause earthquakes?,1. Development of fault,2. Movement along a fault,3. Impact produced by a volcanic eruption,4. Folding of rocks

1.1 2 and 3

2.2 and 4

3. 1 3 and 4

4.1 2 3 and 4


Question:
Which of the statements given above are correct? ,1. P – waves are the first seismic waves to reach a place,2. S – waves travel only through liquids,3. Arrival time of P and S – waves is used to locate the epicentre,4. Richter scale is a logarithmic scale

1.1 2 and 3

2.1 3 and 4

3.1 and 4

4.3 and 4


Question:
Which of the statements is/are correct? ,1. Igneous rocks are classified into Extrusive and Intrusive rocks.,2. Sedimentary rocks are also called as Primary rocks,3. Marble is an example of Metamorphic rocks,4. Coal is a sedimentary rock

1.1 only

2.2 and 3

3.1 3 and 4

4.2 and 4


Question:
Which one among the following is the largest temperate desert of the world?

1. Patagonian desert

2.Taklamakan desert

3. Iranian desert

4.Turkmen desert


Question:
Which one of the following is a Sedimentary Rock?

1.Granite

2.Charnockite

3.Basalt

4.Arkose


Question:
Which one of the following is igneous rock?

1.Limestone

2.Granite

3.Marble

4.Slate


Question:
____ is the wearing away of the landscape by different agents like water, wind and ice.

1.Weathering

2.Attrition

3.Erosion

4.Abrasion


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