UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /Lithosphere Multiple Choice Questions Set 2 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 If the original day sediments are subjected to high temperature and pressure they successively change into rocks the correct order of which is ________





1.Slate Shale Schist

2.Shale Schist Slate

3.Slate Schist Shale

4.Shale Slate Schist


Question:
 In which country is Takla Makandesert situated?

1.Kazakhstan

2.Turkmenistan

3.Uzbekistan

4.China


Question:
 Nappe is a kind of



1.Fluvial feature

2.Folded structure

3.Erosional plain

4.Deltaregion


Question:
 The features produced by glacial deposition are:1. outwash plains2. drumlins3. eskers4. levees






1.1 2 3

2.1 3 4

3.2 3 4

4.1 2 3 4


Question:
 Which of the following features is the product of vulcanicity ?






1.Fold Mountain

2.Escarpment

3.Geosynclines

4.Caldera


Question:
 Which of the following is not an agent which produces physical features ?



1.Denudation

2.Deposition

3.Volcanic eruption

4.Conduction


Question:
 Which of the following is/are the correct characteristic(s) of primary seismic wave?






1.It is a longitudinal and compressional wave

2.It is analogous to sound waves

3.It travels with faster speed through solids but slowly through liquids

4.All the above three


Question:
A block of the earths crust that has remained in position while the ground around it has subsides is known as ________


1.Horst

2.Young folded mountain

3.Plateau

4.None


Question:
Arrange the following soil particle by size in the descending order:I. GravelII. ClayIII. SiltIV. Sand






1.I II III IV

2.IV II III I

3.I IV III II

4.III IV I II


Question:
Batholiths and Laccoliths are formations of ________






1.Sedimentary rocks

2.Igneous rocks

3.Metamorphic rocks

4.Polymetamorphosed rocks


Question:
Bowl shaped depression created as a result of glacial erosion high on a mountain side is called ________






1.Glacial trough

2.Hum

3.Hanging Valley

4.Cirque


Question:
Caldera is a feature associated with ________






1.Volcanoes

2.Earthquakes

3.Folding of rocks

4.Faulting of mountains


Question:
Carbonaceous rocks which produce coal and of belong to the category of rocks called



1.Metamorphic

2.Igneous

3.Sedimentary

4.Inorganic


Question:
Choose the correct statement about Sedimentary rocks ________

1.These rocks cannot be formed under water

2.These rocks are crystalline

3.The structure of these rocks is contingent on heat and pressure

4.These rocks have been deposited in layers


Question:
Decaying vegetation produces organic acids which causes a breakdown of minerals. This is ________






1.Physical weathering

2.Chemical weathering

3.Both (a) and (b)

4.Chemical erosion


Question:
Dogger Bank Rockfall Bank Wales Bank and Sand Bank are located in





1.North West Atlantic

2.North East Pacific

3.North East Atlantic

4.North West Pacific


Question:
Dykes are especially constructed in ________

1.Norway

2.Holland

3.France

4.United Kingdom


Question:
Formation of a rift valley is due to ________






1.The formation of fold mountains

2.The forces of tension in the earths crust

3.The subsidence of the floor of a river valley

4.The over-deepening of a valley by ice action


Question:
Hanging Valley is very common in






1.High mountains

2.Sub-Arctic region

3.Glaciated areas

4.Coastal belt


Question:
How much part of Earth s surface is desert?






1.10th

2.5th

3.1/3rd

4.6th


Question:
In an artesian well in what order the rock-layer are generally found? (from bottom to surface)

1.Permeable non-permeable and permeable

2.Non-permeable and permeable

3.Permeable and non- permeable

4.Non-permeable permeable and non-permeable


Question:
In due course of time the meander loop cuts off from the river and forms a cutoff lake also called an ________ lake.



1.Ox-bow

2.Oasis

3.Lagoon

4.Tectonic


Question:
In which type of rocks are coal and petroleum found?

1.Granite

2.Igneous

3.Metamorphic

4.Sedimentary


Question:
In which type of rocks are metals like gold and copper mostly found?



1.Old Sedimentary

2.Old Igneous

3.Old Metamorphic

4.New Metamorphic


Question:
India broke away from Australia and Antarctica and started moving north in the period of ________






1.Permian

2.Triassic

3.Jurassic

4.Cretaceous


Question:
Japan experiences frequent earth-quakes because it is located ________






1.On the eastern coast of Asia

2.On the meeting point of two plates of the earths crust

3.Amidst the ocean

4.In the volcanic belt


Question:
Marble comes under which category of rocks?






1.Sedimentary

2.Igneous

3.Metamorphic

4.None of these


Question:
Marble is a metamorphic rock of



1.Sandstone

2.Limestone

3.Granite

4.Clay


Question:
Mount Gamkonora highest peak of Halmahera Island was burst in 2007. In which country is it located?

1.Japan

2.Indonesia

3.Russia

4.France


Question:
Pits formed by the deflating action of wind are called



1.Playa

2.Yardang

3.Blowouts

4.Sand dune


Question:
Sandstone is which type of rock?






1.Calcwaterous Rock

2.Igneous Rock

3.Metamorphic Rock

4.Sedimentary Rock


Question:
Sedimentary rocks are formed by the process of ________



1.Metamorphism

2.Weathering

3.Deposition

4.Both (b) and �


Question:
Shield volcanoes refer to ________

1.Explosive lava eruptions

2.Repeated lava flows

3.Ejection of a wide range of pyroclastic materials

4.Individual lava flows


Question:
Soil erosion can be prevented by ________

1.Allowing herbivorous animals to graze freely

2.Growing plants on a large scale to form soil cover

3.Making the land sloppy

4.Adding chemicals to increase cohesion


Question:
Synclines and anticlines are the terms associated with ________






1.Earthquakes

2.Folding

3.Faulting

4.Volcanoes


Question:
Terra Rossa is a Latin word which means?

1.Warm Region

2.Red Landscape

3. Lateritic Region

4.Region Nearer to Poles


Question:
The area marked by internal drainage is

1.Plateau

2.Plains

3.Desert

4.Mountain


Question:
The breaking up of the rocks at its place is known as

1.Erosion

2.Weathering

3.Mass Destruction

4.Degradation


Question:
The denudational processes have not reduced the land masses to a level because ________



1.The sea level is changing

2.The earth movements have uplifted the landmass

3.There has not been enough time

4.These processes are intermittent in action


Question:
The Himalayas were formed due to ________






1.Internal pressure of two large land forms

2.Faulting of the earths crust

3.Folding of the earths crust

4.Folding of the geo-syncline named Tethys


Question:
The igneous rocks are formed due to ________






. 

1.Accumulation of sediments at the bottom of sea

2.Granitisation

3.Disintegration of magma

4.Altering of metamorphic rocks


Question:
The intensity of earthquakes is measured on ________






1.Beaufort scale

2.Richter scale

3.Secant scale

4.Mercalli scale


Question:
The lake created by Aswan Dam in Africa is

1.Chad

2.Victoria

3.Nasser

4.Tanganyika


Question:
The material carried by the glacier such as rocks big and small sand and silt gets deposited which are called glacial ________.

1.Moraines

2.Deltas

3.Plateaus

4.Grooves


Question:
The material that comes out of a volcano at the time of eruption is ________






1.Solid liquid gaseous

2.Solid and liquid

3.Solid and gaseous

4.Liquid and gaseous


Question:
The narrow strip of land joining two land masses is called as






1.Cape

2.Isthmus

3.Strait

4.Peninsula


Question:
The reason behind Earthquake is



1.Land cruises

2.Rotation of Earth

3.Tectonism

4.Denudation


Question:
The transverse longitudinal and surface waves in an earthquake originate from ________






1.The focus within the body of the earth

2.The focus on the surface of the earth

3.The epicentre on the surface of the earth

4.The epicentre within the body of the earth


Question:
What are the name of the seismic sea waves which reach to coast at a very high force?






1.Tides

2.Tsunami

3.Current

4.Cyclone


Question:
What is the difference between a geyser and a hot spring?

1.Water is ejected explosively in a geyser

2.Water from the geyser may be cold

3.Geysers are found on volcanic mountains

4.Geysers are more common in cold countries


Question:
What is the point below the epicentre of the Earthquake?

1.Wither

2.Incentre

3.Epicentre

4.Focus


Question:
When almost all the elevated portions are worn down by river erosion reducing an area to almost a plain region it is termed as





1.Fanplain

2.Panplain

3.Pediplain

4.Peneplain


Question:
Which European country has over 200 volcanoes many of them still active?



1.Finland

2.Iceland

3.Ireland

4.Norway


Question:
Which form of coal is mainly suitable for producing thermal power?
Anthracite


1.Anthracite

2.Bituminous

3.Lignite

4.Peat


Question:
Which is the largest country (in area)?






 

1.Canada

2.China

3.USA

4.Russia


Question:
Which is the proper order of seismic waves as they are received at seismograph station?

1.L-wave P-wave S-wave

2.P-wave L-wave S-wave

3.P-wave S-wave L-wave

4.S-wave P-wave L-wave


Question:
Which metal is most abundant in the earths crust?






1.Calcium

2.Magnesium

3.Aluminium

4.Iron


Question:
Which of the country is formed of various number of islands?






1.Papau New Guinea

2.Philippines

3.Japan

4.Indonesia


Question:
Which of the following are correctly matched? 1. Gneiss : Metamorphic2. Granite : Igneous3. Sandstone : Sedimentary



1.1 only

2.1 and 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 2 and 3


Question:
Which of the following are formed due to collision of continental plates? 1. The Alps2. The Himalayas3. The Rockies4. The Caucases mountains






1.1 2 and 3

2.2 3 and 4

3.1 2 and 4

4.1 3 and 4


Question:
Which of the following are true with regard to fold mountains?I. They often act as climatic barriersII. They receive heavy rain or snow which give rise to riversIII. They are rich in mineralsIV. They pose no problem to communication as they contain many passes

1.III and IV

2.I II and III

3.I III and IV

4.None of these


Question:
Which of the following are true with regard to igneous rocks?I. They are formed inside the earth under great pressureII. They do not occur in layerIII. They are mostly crystalline in natureIV. They contain fossils

1. I II and III

2.II III and IV

3.II and III

4.I and IV


Question:
Which of the following are true with respect to sedimentary rocks?I. The rocks are deposited in layersII. The particles of rocks are at times wholly of organic natureIII. The rocks are not crystallineIV. Their structure is determined by great pressure or heat

1. I and III

2. Ii and Iii

3.I and IV

4.I and II


Question:
Which of the following influence the erosion of soil by water? 1. Slope of the land2. Management practice like terracing3. Soil salinity






1.1 2 and 3

2.1 and 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 and 3


Question:
Which of the following is an Example of Abyssal Igneous Rock?



1.Basalt

2.Granite

3.Slate

4.Dolomite


Question:
Which of the following is known as the Roof of the World?



1.Everest

2.Pamir Mountains

3.Siberian Field

4.Hindu Kush Mountain


Question:
Which of the following is meant by an archipelago?






1.Lake

2.Island

3.Mountain

4.Plateau


Question:
Which of the following is not a result of underground water activity?

1.Stalactites

2.Stalagmites

3.Sink holes

4.Fiords


Question:
Which of the following is the longest mountain range?






1.The Himalayas

2.The Rockies

3.The Andes

4.The Caucasus


Question:
Which of the following is/are the examples of the sedimentary rocks? 1. Limestone2. Dolomite3. Breccia4. Coal



1.1 and 2

2.2 and 4

3.1 2 and 4

4.1 2 3 and 4


Question:
Which of the following pairs is correctly matched? Islands Volcanoes

1.Sicily � Mount Pelee

2.Hawaii � Stromboli

3.Java � Merapi

4.West Indies � Mauna Loa


Question:
Which of the following predominantly acts as the agent of chemical erosion of soil?

1.Glacier

2.Seawave

3.Underground water

4.Wind


Question:
Which of the following rocks is transformed into marble?






1.Granite

2.Limestone

3.Peat

4.Shale


Question:
Which of the following types of coal represents the first stage of formation of coal?






1.Anthracite

2.Lignite

3.Peat

4.Bituminous


Question:
Which one among the following is the type of the Comoros Islands which lie in the Indian Ocean between Northern Madagascar and the African Coast?






1.Volcanic

2.Glacial eroded

3.Eolian deposited

4.Folded


Question:
Which one of the following reflects back more sunlight as compared to other three?

1.Sand desert

2.Paddy crop land

3.Land covered with fresh snow

4.Prairie land


Question:
Which type of lake is formed by volcanic activities?

1.Caldera lake

2.Karst lake

3.Lagoon

4.Freshwater lake


Question:
Which type of lakes are created by the volcanic activities?






1.Lagoon

2.Sweet Water Lake

3.Volcanic Lakes

4.Karst Lake


Question:
Who gave the idea that originally there was only one continent called Pangea ?

1.Wegener

2.Victoria

3.Darwin

4.Ptolemy


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