UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /Climate and Weather in Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions set 1 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 Consider the following statements:,1. In the wet temperate forests at above 1500 m on the Nilgiris and Anaimalais, the Magnolias and Rhododendrons are commonly found.,2. Tropical dry evergreen forests are mostly found in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Orissa.,Which of the statements given above is/are correct? ,(a) 1 only

1. 1 only

2.2 only

3. Both 1 and 2

4.. Neither 1 nor 2


Question:
 Consider the following statements:,1. Tamil Nadu is the only area which receives about half of its rainfall from north-east monsoon winds.,2. Kerala is the only state receiving very heavy rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds.,3. In India, the south-west monsoon is stronger than the north-east monsoon.,Which of these are correct statements?

1. 1 2 and 3

2.1 and 2

3. 1 and 3

4.2 and 3


Question:
 Economically the most important forests of India are 

1.Tidal forest

2.Thorn forest

3. Evergreen forest

4.Tropical deciduous forest


Question:
 India’s forest sponge iron plant is at

1.Kothagudam

2.Kurnool

3.Cuddappah

4.Kavaratti


Question:
 The place in India receiving the lowest rainfall is

1.Leh

2.Jaisalmer

3.Bikaner

4.Jodhpur


Question:
 The place to receive annual rainfall below 50cm is

1.Meghalaya

2.Leh in Kashmir

3. Coromandal Coast

4.Konkan Coast


Question:
 The premonsoon mango showers occur predominantly in

1.West Bengal and Assam

2. Deccan Plateau

3. Gujarat and Maharashtra

4.Kerala and Karnataka


Question:
 Which among the following pairs of places have most marked difference in total rainfall per annum even though located approximately along the same latitude?

1.Bengaluru and Chennai

2. Ajmer and Shillong

3.Mumbai and Visakhapatnam

4.Nagpur and Kolkata


Question:
 Which of the following state has become India’s first carbon free state?

1. Himachal Pradesh

2.Madhya Pradesh

3.Uttar Pradesh

4.Maharashtra


Question:
 Which one of the following pairs of cities have the largest annual average rain difference as compared to the other three pairs?

1.Jabalpur and Nagpur

2.Mumbai and Pune

3.Kolkata and Bhubaneshwar

4.Guwahati and Shillong


Question:
 Which one of the following shows the correct sequence of places in descending order of the average summer rainfall ?

1.Jaisalmer Pune Allahabad Cherapunji

2.Cherapunji Jaisalmer Pune Allahabad

3.Allahabad Pune Jaisalmer Cherapunji

4.Cherapunji Allahabad Pune Jaisalmer


Question:
 Which one of the following states receives the highest rainfall during winter months?

 

1.Punjab

2.Kerala

3.Meghalaya

4. Tamil Nadu


Question:
 Winter rains in North and North-West India are generally associated with the phenomenon of ________

1.Retreating monsoon

2.Temperate cyclones

3. Local thunderstorms

4.Shift in jet stream movement Answer


Question:
. The retreating monsoon withdraws itself from

1.The west coast to the east coast

2. North-East India to the west coast

3.The north to the south

4. North-West India to Bengal and then to Kerala


Question:
A rainy day as defined by the Indian Meteorological department is a day when the rainfall at a point received is

1.. 0.5 mm to 1 mm in 24 hours B. C. D.

2.1.1 mm to 1.5 mm in 24 hours

3.1.6 mm to 2 mm in 24 hours

4.Above 2.5 mm in 24 hours


Question:
Among the following places, the average annual rainfall is highest at ________

1.Shillong

2.Kolkata

3.Shillong

4.Thiruvananthapuram


Question:
Among the following places, which one receives comparatively lowest average monsoon rainfall from June to September?

1. Eastern Uttar Pradesh

2.Southern West Bengal

3.Punjab

4.Western Uttar Pradesh


Question:
Arrange the following cities in decreasing order of the rainfall they receive from the south-west monsoons in summer months:,1. Allahabad,2. Kolkata,3. Delhi,4. Patna

1.2 4 1 3

2.3 1 4 2

3. 1 4 3 2

4. 2 4 3 1


Question:
Arrange the following states on the basis of ascending dates of the onset of monsoon :,1. Uttar Pradesh,2. Kerala,3. West Bengal,4. Rajasthan

1.2-3-1-4

2.3-2-1-4

3. 3-1-2-4

4.1-2-3-4


Question:
Chennai receives less rainfall by South-West Monsoon than other places, because

1.Monsoon travels parallel to Coromandel Coast

2.Chennai is very hot place and do not allow humidity to evaporate

3.These winds are off shore monsoon winds

4.Above all


Question:
Cherapunji receives more rainfall than Shillong because ________

1.The former is nearer to the sea

2.The air of different densities and temperature tends to converge towards Cherapunji from different direction during the rainy season

3.Cherapunji is located on the windward side

4.Convective precipitation brings more rain at Cherapunji


Question:
Consider the following statement and identify with the help of the code the tree with which the statement is related to? ,The branches of this tree root themselves like new trees over a large area. The roots then give rise to more trunks and branches. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.

1.Banyan

2.Neem

3.Tamarind (lmli)

4.Peepal


Question:
Consider the following statements:,1. The south-west monsoon causes heavy rainfall in the Shillong plateau.,2. The north-east monsoon causes the rainfall over Orissa coast during winter.,Which of these statements is/are correct ?

1.1 only

2.2 only

3.Both 1 and 2

4. Neither 1 nor 2


Question:
During the monsoon season rainfall decreases from the Ganga delta to the Punjab plains. It is because ________

1.Monsoon current moves westward along the Ganga plain and becomes drier

2.Western regions are warmer than the eastern region

3.Hills do not form barriers for winds

4.The area is far away from the sea


Question:
For short-term climatic predictions, which one of the following events, detected in the last decade, is associated with occasional weak monsoon rains in the Indian subcontinent?

1.La Nina

2. Movement of jet streams

3. El Nino and southern oscillations

4.Green-house effect on global level


Question:
From where does the heat come in the environment?

1. Insolation

2.Radiation

3.Condensation

4.Convection


Question:
Heavy rainfall during the months of October and

1.Gharo Khasi and Jaintia hills

2.Chota Nagpur Plateau

3.Coromandel Coast

4.Malwa Plateau


Question:
How do dust storms in summer affect the temperature?

1.Increase it

2.Decrease it

3. No effect

4.Cannot say


Question:
In which of the following cities of India the diurnal range of temperature is maximum?

1.New Delhi

2.Mumbai

3.Chennai

4.Kolkata


Question:
In which of the following states, retreating monsoon has more effect?

1.Orissa

2.West Bengal

3.Punjab

4. Tamil Nadu


Question:
indian monsoon is marked by seasonal shift caused by ________

1.Differential heating of land and sea

2.Cold winds of Central Asia

3.Great uniformity of temperature

4.None of the these


Question:
Monsoon is caused byDuring the South-West Monsoon, Tamil Nadu
remains dry because

1.It is located in rain shadow area

2. Temperature is so high that wind does not get cooled

3.Winds do not reach this area

4.There is no mountain in this area


Question:
Monsoon retreat is marked by: ,1. clear sky,2. high pressure conditions at the Bay of Bengal,3. rise in temperature on land

1.1 only

2.1 and 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 2 and 3


Question:
Most of India’s rainfall is ________

1.Cyclonic

2.Convectional

3.Elusive

4.Orographic


Question:
Mumbai receives more rainfall than Pune because ___

1.Mumbai is on the windward side

2. Pune is at a-greater elevation

3.Mumbai is a coastal city

4.Pune has greater vegetation than Mumbai


Question:
n May-June each year, the monsoon winds approach the southern tip of India from ________

1.Northly direction

2.North-easterly direction

3.North-westerly direction

4.South-westerly direction


Question:
Nagpur gets scanty rainfall because it is located with reference to Sahyadri Mountains, towards ________.

1. Windward Side

2.Seaward Side

3.Onshore Side

4.Leeward Side


Question:
Plants are associated with the social forestry programmes in India?

1.Teak

2.Neem

3.Eucalyptus

4.Banyan


Question:
Rainfall from the south-west monsoon reaches _______

1.Lahauland Spiti

2.Ladakh

3.Tamil Nadu

4.Delta region of Mahanadi


Question:
Rainfall in India is not associated with ________

1.Orography

2.Convection

3.Cyclones

4.Anticyclones


Question:
South-west winds are attracted to Indian subcontinent in rainy season by which of the following?

1. Low air pressure in north-western India

2.Effect of north-eastern commercial winds

3.By the formation of cyclone at equator

4.Effect of eastern winds


Question:
Taking into account the amount of rainfall occurring from June to September, which one of the following is the correct order of cities in terms of rainfall?

1.Kolkata > Ahmedabad > Allahabad

2.Kolkata > Ahmedabad > Allahabad

3.Allahabad > Kolkata > Ahmedabad

4.Ahmedabad > Kolkata > Allahabad


Question:
The amount and intensity of monsoon rainfall is determined by the frequency of

1.Western disturbances

2. Dust storms

3.Cyclones

4.Tropical depressions


Question:
The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is 26°C, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range of temperature is 9°C. The station in question is _______

1.Allahabad

2.Chennai

3.Cherapunji

4.Kolkata


Question:
The extreme of temperature between summer and winter is quite low in southern part of peninsular India mainly because ________

1.The adjoining oceans moderate the temperature

2.The sky is generally cloudy

3.The sun’s rays are almost vertical throughout the year

4.Strong winds flow throughout the year


Question:
The Mangrove forests of Ganga delta are known as

1.Monsoon forest

2.Sundarban

3.Tropical forest

4.Swamp forest


Question:
The nature of the winter rainfall in north western India is ________

1.Convectional

2.Orographic

3.Monsoonal

4.Cyclonic


Question:
The north-western India receives substantial rainfall during winter months because of ________

1. South-west monsoons

2. Retreating monsoons

3. North-east monsoons

4.Westerly disturbances


Question:
The northeastern hills that block the South West Monsoon winds and cause heavy rains in Assam are

1.Arakan Yoma and Pegu Yoma

2. Barail and Patkai hills

3.Garo Khasi and Jaintia hills

4.Khasi and Pegu Yoma


Question:
The Paddy fields of India are located in the areas of annual rainfall

1.120cm

2. 140cm

3.100cm

4. 80cm


Question:
The place which experiences minimum and maximum temperature of – 28.3°C and 15°C respectively is ________

1.Srinagar

2.Shimla

3.Kullu

4.Leh


Question:
The rains along the western coast of India are ________

1.Cyclonic

2.Convectional

3.Orographic

4.Monsoonal


Question:
The reason for Rajasthan being deficient in rainfall is ______

1.The monsoon fail to reach this area

2. It is too hot

3.There is no water available and thus the winds remain dry

4. The winds do not come across any barrier to cause necessary uplift to be cooled


Question:
The retreating monsoon withdraws from the ________

1.West coast to the east coast

2.North to the south

3.North-east India to the west coast

4. North-west India to Bengal


Question:
The south west monsooon engulfs the entire India by

1. 5th June

2.15th June

3.1st July

4.15th July


Question:
The temperature of Thiruvananthapuram is lower than that of Mumbai in May and higher than that of Mumbai in January, because ________

1.Thiruvananthapuram has cold current and Mumbai is faced with warm current

2.Thiruvananthapuram has higher rainfall in summer and it is nearer to the equator

3.Thiruvananthapuram is on the windward side and Mumbai is on the leeward side

4. Thiruvananthapuram is Vegetated while Mumbai is not


Question:
The western coast of India receive very high rainfall in summer mainly due to

1.Tropical location

2.Nearness to sea

3.Western Ghats

4.Himalayas


Question:
The western disturbances which cause winter rain in India originate in

1.Pakistan

2.Bay of Bengal

3.West Asia

4.Himalayas


Question:
The winter rain in Chennai is caused by

1.South-West Monsoons

2.North-East Monsoons

3. Intense Land and Sea Breezes

4.Cyclonic winds in the Bay of Bengal


Question:
There is heavy rainfall on the western coast of India but very little in the Deccan because

1.The Deccan plateau is situated in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats

2.The region is bypassed by the south-west monsoons

3.Lack of high mountains in the Deccan

4.Of some unknown reason


Question:
What is the major cause of ‘October Heat’?

1.Hot and dry weather

2.Very low velocity winds

3. Low pressure systems over the Indo-Gangetic

4.High temperature associated with high humidity


Question:
What is the nature of monsoon rain from Guwahati to Chandigarh?

1. Irregular Nature

2.Crescent or Growing Nature

3. Diminishing Nature

4.Cyclic Nature


Question:
What percent of Indian terrain receive annual rainfall below 75 cm.

1.0.35

2. 0.45

3.0.4

4.0.3


Question:
Where are Rain forests found?

1.Central India

2.Eastern Ghats

3.North-Eastern Himalayas and Western Ghats

4.North-Western Himalayas and Eastern Ghats


Question:
Which of the following are the main reasons for the origin of the south-west monsoon in India?,I. Development of a low pressure in north-west India,II. Deflection of trade winds,III. Arrival of cyclonic stream from the Pacific Ocean,IV. Heating of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal

1.I II and III

2.I and II

3.II and III

4.III and IV


Question:
Which of the following are the main reasons for the origin of the south-west monsoon in India?,I. Development of a low pressure in north-west India,II. Deflection of trade winds,III. Arrival of cyclonic stream from the Pacific Ocean,IV. Heating of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal

1.I II and III

2.I and II

3.II and III

4.III and IV


Question:
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the dry monsoon forest of India?,1. Annual rainfall is below 50 cm,2. The trees are short rooted,3. Thorny shrubs and grassland,4. Mango, Mahua, Sisam and Keeker are the prominent trees.

1. 1 and 2

2. 2 and 4

3.3 and 4

4.1 2 and 3


Question:
Which of the following functions performed by a forest help most in controlling drought?

1.Forests act as water sheds

2.Forests bring rainfall in monsooN

3.Forests lower the temperature of the environment

4.Forests prevent soil erosion


Question:
Which of the following receive, heavy rainfall in the month of October and November?

1.Hills of Garo Khasi and Jaintia

2.Plateau of Chota Nagpur

3.Coromandel Coast

4.Malwa Plateau


Question:
Which of the following receives rainfall by north-eastern monsoon?

1. Tamil Nadu

2.Assam

3.Kerala

4.West Bengal


Question:
Which of the following state receives rainfall due to western disturbances?

1.Punjab

2.West Bengal

3.Kerala

4.Gujarat


Question:
Which of the following statements is true with regard to the erratic behaviour of Indian monsoons?

1.Uniform duration but varying amounts of rain from one year to another as well as at different places

2.Uncertain date of onset and withdrawal as well as unequal distribution of rain

3.Uncertain date of onset and withdrawal as well as unequal distribution of rain

4. Uniform duration but varying amounts of rain from place to place


Question:
Which one of the following types of vegetation is referred as Monsoon forest?

1.Tropical Dry-evergreen forests

2.Tropical Moist-deciduous forests

3.Tropical Semi-evergreen forests

4.Tropical Dry-deciduous forests


Question:
Which part of India receives rainfall from both the South-West and North-West monsoons?

1.Tamilnadu

2.Odisha

3.Lakshadweep Islands

4.Andaman and Nicobar Islands


Question:
Which region gets first monsoon in summer?

1.A. Himalayas

2.Western Ghats

3.Eastern Ghats

4.Gangetic Plain


Question:
Which region in India receives substantial rain during the winter month of January ?

1. Kerala coast

2.Central India

3.Punjab

4.Rajasthan


Question:
Who introduced the term ‘monsoon’?

1.The British

2.The Mughals

3. The Arabs

4.The Chinese


Question:
Why does a farmer plough his fields in summer?

1.To prevent alkalinity of soil

2.To prevent acidity of soil

3.To prevent the surface from becoming hard

4.To fertilize the soil


Question:
Why does the west coast of India receive more rainfall from south-west monsoon than the east coast?

1.Unlike the east coast this coast is straight

2.The Western Ghats obstruct the winds causing rainfall

3.The east coast is broader than the west coast

4.The Eastern Ghats extend parallel to wind direction


Question:
Why does Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats both receive sufficient rainfall but Deccan Plateau receives scanty rainfall?

1.It is a rain shadow area

2.It is located parallel to wind direction

3.It is away from the coast

4.Rain bearing clouds are absent


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