Biology/MCQs Question and Answer -Biology Set 3 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
A classical exposition of Indian medicine. It deals with almost all branches of medicine?

1.Madhavacharaya

2.Kasyapa Samhita

3.Charaka Samhita

4.Agnivesa Samhita


Question:
A treatise on medicine and surgery from Alexandria and Rome?

1.Celsus

2. Hippocratic Oath

3.Georgics

4.Aeneid


Question:
An ancient book of 1000 B.C. deals with health, hygiene, longevity etc?

1.Sushruta Samhita

2.Atatharvaveda

3.Bhela Samhita

4.Charaka Samhita


Question:
Aves have evolved from:

1.Amphibians

2. Arthropods

3.Mammals

4.Reptiles


Question:
 A treatise on the rasa chikitsa system of ancient medicine, which considers mercury as the king of all medicines.

1.Vaghata

2.Tristia

3.Gandavadha

4.Vrdukunta


Question:
 After wound or cut in a body blood coagulates through:

1.WBC

2.RBC

3.Platelets

4.Plasma


Question:
 In the stem of a plant respiration and breathing takes place through:

1.Lenticels

2.Stomata

3.Root hair

4.Air tubes


Question:
 In which of the following are the largest amounts of nitrogen excreted from a mammalian body?

1.Breath

2.Sweat

3.Urine

4.Faeces


Question:
 Name an ancient book which describes difficult surgical operations like opening of a brain etc.

1.Celsus

2.Bhela Samhita

3.Chivaravastu

4.Agnivesa Samhita


Question:
 What do you understand by NADP?

1.It is an enzyme

2. It is a co-enzyme

3.A part of s-RNA

4.A part of t-RNA


Question:
 What is ARDSI?

1. Alzheimer’s and related Disorders Society of India

2.Act related to Dementia, Symptoms and Infection

3.Alzheimer’s and related Dementia Symptoms of India

4.None of the above


Question:
 Who is known as the father of genetics?

1.Mendel

2.Darwin

3.Dalton

4.Marie Curie


Question:
Due to which reaction PGA is changed into phosphoglyceraldehyde in photosynthesis process?

1.Oxidation

2.Oxidation

3. Electrolysis

4.Hydrolysis


Question:
Each kidney is made up of a large number of excretory units called:

1.Glomerulus

2. Bowman’s Capsule

3. Nephron

4.Blood capillaries


Question:
Honey is sweeter than cane sugar or corn syrup. Which one of the following carbon sugars is responsible for this?

1..Dextrose

2.Levulose

3.Sucrose

4.Fructose


Question:
How Dementia is caused?

1. Dementia can be caused due to Blood infection.

2.Dementia can be caused by a stomach infection.

3. Dementia may be caused due to HIV infection.

4.Deficiency of calcium may lead to Dementia.


Question:
If we say the child has an IQ of 100, what does this means?

1.The performance of the child is below average.

2.The performance of the child is above average.

3.The mental age of the child is equal to his actual age.

4.The performance of the child cannot be better.


Question:
In amoeba excretion takes place through the process of:

1.Diffusion

2.Infusion

3.Uricotelic

4.None of the above


Question:
In Human beings the process of digestion of food begins in:

1.Stomach

2.Food Pipe

3.Mouth

4.Small Intestine


Question:
In humans salivary amylase enzyme breaks down starch. The optimum pH for this reaction is:

1.6

2.6.2

3.6.4

4. 6.7


Question:
In Photosynthesis process, how many molecules of NADPH and ATP are required to reduce six molecules of carbon dioxide to glucose?

1.3 ATP and 2 NADPH

2.6 ATP and 6 NADPH

3.12 ATP and 18 NADPH

4.18 ATP and 12 NADPH


Question:
In poorly ventilated buildings which one of the following inert gases can be accumulated?

1.Helium

2.Neon

3.Argon

4.Radon


Question:
Inactive enzymes which are not bound to their cofactors are called

1.Apoenzymes

2.Coenzymes

3.Enzyme inhibitors

4.Holoenzymes


Question:
Name the metal present in chlorophyll ‘a’ and ‘b’?

1.Iron

2.Copper

3.Magnesium

4. Manganese


Question:
Mention the internal factors that influence photosynthesis?

1.Size, position and structure of stomata

2. Maintenance of the turgidity of the leaf cells

3.Relative proportion and distribution of chloroplasts in the mesophyll

4. All of the above


Question:
Name a concise and scientific exposition of Ayurveda in verse form. It is distinguished by its knowledge of chemical reactions and laboratory processes etc.

1.Vrdukunta

2.Vaghata

3.Kasyapa Samhita

4.None of the above


Question:
Name a disease in which a person may show both Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia at the same time?

1. Alzheimer's disease

2.Parkinson's disease

3.Mixed dementia

4.Frontotemporal dementia


Question:
Name a fossil bird which looks like a bird but has many other features found in reptiles?

1. Dodo

2.Archaeopteryx

3.Flamingos

4. Mouse Bird


Question:
Name an enzyme that digests fat?

1.Lipase

2.Sucrase

3. Maltase

4.Fructose


Question:
Name an enzyme that is derived from the stomachs of young ruminant animals and also used in dairy industry to produce cheese?

1. Trypsin

2. Pepsin

3.Liginase

4.Rennin


Question:
Name an enzyme which is not proteinaceous in nature?

1.Cellulases

2. Xylanases

3.Ribozyme

4.Peptidiase


Question:
Name the blood vessel which carries blood back to the heart?

1.Vein

2.Artery

3.Capillaries

4.Platelet


Question:
Name the excretory organ present in earthworm through which excretion takes place?

1.Moist Skin

2.Nephridia

3.Both A and B

4.Only B


Question:
Name the external factors that affect photosynthesis process?

1.Light Intensity

2.Carbon dioxide concentration

3.Temperature

4. All of the above


Question:
Name the first book on medicine in China?

1.Huangdi Neiching

2.Celsus

3.Vaghata

4.None of the above


Question:
Name the first enzyme that mix with food in the digestive tract?

1.Pepsin

2.Trypsin

3.Amylase

4.None of the above


Question:
Name the organs that make up the excretory system in humans?

1. Two Kidneys

2.Two Ureters

3.Bladder and Urethra

4.All of the above


Question:
Name the organs which have different basic structure but have similar appearance and perform similar functions?

1.Analogous organs

2.Homologous organs

3. Both A and B

4.Neither A nor B


Question:
Name the structural unit of photosynthesis?

1.Thylakoid

2.Grana

3.Stroma

4.Chlorophyll


Question:
Name the type of Dementia disease in which a neurodegenerative condition linked to abnormal structures in the brain?

1.Alzheimer's disease

2.Dementia with Lewy bodies

3.Parkinson's disease

4.Huntington's disease


Question:
Photosynthesis is :

1.An Oxidation-Reduction reaction

2.Synthesis reaction

3.Organic reaction

4.Replacement reaction


Question:
The best long term solution for kidney failure is:

1.Dialysis

2.Kidney transplant

3.Both A and B

4.Only B


Question:
The major waste produced by human body are:

1.Carbon dioxide

2.Urea

3.Both A and B

4.Only B


Question:
The process by which new species develop from the existing species is called:

1.Homologous

2.Analogous

3.Speciation

4.Genetic variation


Question:
The theory of origin of life on earth is proposed by:

1.Haldane

2.Stanley Miller

3.Harold C. Urey

4.Lamarck


Question:
Transportation of food in plants takes place through:

1.Xylem

2.Phloem

3. Companion cells

4.Tracheids


Question:
What is the first step in photosynthesis:

1.Generation of ATP

2.Formation of NADPH

3.Through light, excitement of an electron of chlorophyll pigment.

4.Formation of Glucose


Question:
What types of nitrogenous wastes are excreted by living organisms?

1.Ammonia

2.Uric acid

3.Urea

4.All of the above


Question:
What will be the ratio of oxygen produced to that of consumed in daylight hours when the rate of respiration is less than that of photosynthesis?

1.1/0/1900 1:01

2.1/0/1900 10:01

3.1/0/1900 5:01

4.None


Question:
When blood is forced into the artery, wave like expansion takes place is called:

1.Heart beat

2.Pulse

3.Flow

4.Ticking


Question:
Which ancient book of 600 B.C. deals with paediatrics?

1.Kasyapa Samhita

2.Agnivesa Samhita

3.Bhela Samhita

4. None of the above


Question:
Which animal has three-chambered heart?

1.Pigeon

2.Lizard

3. Fish

4.Lion


Question:
Which bacteria is responsible for the formation of curd?

1.Lactic acid bacteria

2.Lactobacillus Acidophillus

3.Lactobacillus aureus

4.Bacillus radicicola


Question:
Which disease is characterized by specific types of uncontrolled movements but also includes dementia?

1.Parkinson's disease

2.Mixed dementia

3.Huntington's disease

4.None of the above


Question:
Which disease of dementia increases the likelihood of young-onset Alzheimer's?

1.Frontotemporal dementia

2. Posterior cortical atrophy

3.Down syndrome

4.Normal pressure hydrocephalus


Question:
Which enzyme is used by the biscuit manufacturers to lower the protein level of flour?

1. Amylase

2.Protease

3.Cellulase

4.Xylanase


Question:
Which enzyme is used in making Baby Foods?

1.Amylase

2. Rennin

3. Trypsin

4.None of the above


Question:
Which gas is safe and an effective extinguisher for all confined fires?

1.Nitrogen dioxide

2.Carbon dioxide

3.Sulphur dioxide

4.Nitrous Oxide


Question:
Which of the following ancient book is the codification of medicine scattered in the Vedas?

1. Bhela Samhita

2.Charaka Samhita

3.Sushruta Samhita

4. None of the above


Question:
Which of the following are the postulates of Darwin’s theory of evolution?

1.Within any population, there is natural variation.

2.Even though all species produce a large number of offsprings, populations remain fairly constant naturally.

3. The struggle for survival within populations eliminates the unfit individuals.

4.All the above are correct


Question:
Which of the following are the sources which provide evidences for evolution?

1.Homologous organs

2.Analogous organs

3. Fossils

4. All the above


Question:
Which of the following in biology is the energy currency of cells?

1.PDP

2.DTP

3. ATP

4. ADP


Question:
Which of the following is not the Symptom of Dementia?

1.Problem solving or language and the ability to focus and pay attention.

2.Memory loss

3. Difficulties with thinking

4.Dementia people are able to control their emotions.


Question:
Which of the following organism have parasitic mode of nutrition?

1.Penicillium

2. Plasmodium

3. Paramecium

4.Parrot


Question:
Which of the following sentence is/ are correct about Dementia?

1. In Dementia mental ability declines and interfere the daily life.

2.A person suffering from this disease may forget his or her name.

3.Alzheimer's disease is a cause of Dementia.

4.All the above are correct


Question:
Which of the following statement is/ are correct about Alzheimer’s disease?

1.Alzheimer disease is a degenerative disease of the brain that causes dementia and it has been found  that it is closely linked with type 2 diabetes.

2.Alzheimer's disease is not a mental illness but it can cause symptoms related to mental health like depression, anxiety etc.

3. Alzheimer's disease is categorised into mild Alzheimer's disease, moderate Alzheimer's disease and severe Alzheimer's disease.

4. All the above are correct


Question:
Which of the following statement is/are correct about Enzyme:

1. An Enzyme is a protein and is used as a catalyst to accelerate the reaction.

2.Life would not exist without the presence of enzymes.

3. Enzymes participate in cellular metabolic processes.

4.All the above


Question:
Which of the following statements are true regarding Photosystems?

1.Photosystems are arrangements of chlorophyll and other pigments packed into thylakoids.

2.Many Prokaryotes have only one photosystem.

3.Both A and B are correct.

4.Only A is correct.


Question:
Which of the following statements is/are correct about mnemonics?

1. Mnemonic systems are techniques or strategies consciously used to improve memory.

2.The study and development of systems for improving and assisting the memory.

3. A device of any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval in the human memory and it is a symbol used to specify a computing function.

4.All the above are correct


Question:
Which one of the following bacteria present in the soil produces a peculiar smell if it rains on perched soil?

1.Streptomycetes

2.Staphymycetes

3.Diplomycetes

4.Micrococcus


Question:
Which one of the following elements the drum of a Photostat machine is made up of:

1.Aluminium

2.Selenium

3.Barium

4.Caesium


Question:
Which one of the following statements is incorrect about laser?

1.It is a technique for producing intense beams of light, ultraviolet or infrared radiation of different wavelength.

2.Even in diamond laser beam can drill a hole.

3.A variety of lasers have been made from solids like the ruby crystal and semi conducting materials, liquids and gases.

4.All waves in laser, travel in phase.


Question:
Which one of the following waves are used by the common TV remote control?

1.Radio waves

2.Lasers

3.Infrared waves

4.Ultrasonic waves


Question:
Which organ in the human body is responsible for removing carbon dioxide from the body?

1.Kidney

2.Lungs

3.Blood

4.Ureter


Question:
Which vessel carries blood to the kidneys?

1. Renal Arteries

2. Renal Vein

3. Both A and B

4.Only A


Question:
Who coined the word enzyme?

1.Wilhelm Kuhne

2.Alfred Russel

3.Robert Koch

4.Rosalind Franklin


Question:
Who had given the theory of evolution of species by natural selection?

1.Darwin

2.Mendel

3.Dalton

4.Morgan


Question:
Who is considered as the father of western medicines?

1. Hesiod

2.Hippocrates

3.Both 1 and 2

4.Neither 1 nor 2


Question:
Who suggested that life must have developed from the simple inorganic molecules like methane, hydrogen etc. which were present on the earth soon after it was formed?

1. Darwin

2.Marrie Curie

3.Haldane

4.None of the above


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