Zoology/Zoology MCQS[NEET-2021 to 2022]-Thyroid gland Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
An autoimmune disease of the thyroid tissue is called:

1.Graves disease

2.Thyroiditis

3.Thyroid Cancer

4.None of the above


Question:
 A condition of a chronic inflammation of the thyroid, which lead to under activity?

1.Goitre

2.Thyroiditis

3.Hypothyroidism

4.Hyperthyroidism


Question:
 The four small glands in the thyroid gland are known as

1.Adrenal gland

2.Pineal gland

3.Parathyroid gland

4.Endocrine and exocrine gland


Question:
 What are the two main hormones secreted by Thyroid gland?

1. T3

2.T4

3.TSH

4.Both A and B


Question:
 Which of these diseases is not related to thyroid glands?

1.Cretinism

2.Myxoedema

3.Goitre

4.Acromegaly


Question:
Grave’s disease or Basedow’s disease is due to

1. Hyperactivity of adrenal cortex

2.Hypoactivity of the thyroid gland

3.Hyperactivity of thyroid gland

4.Hypoactivity of islets of Langerhans


Question:
In chronically deficient patients, this abnormality is directly related to the enlargement of the thyroid gland

1. Impaired conversion of T3 and T4

2.Reduced activity of thyroperoxidase

3.Elevated levels of TSH

4. An antibody that binds to the TSH receptor in the thyroid gland


Question:
Iodine deficiency can cause

1.Goitre

2.Thyroid cancer

3.Solitary thyroid nodules

4.Thyroiditis


Question:
The main hormone secreted by the Thyroid gland

1. T4

2.T3

3.(a) and (b) Both

4. TSH


Question:
Medications for hypothyroidism include treatment that:

1.Replaces insulin

2.Replaces ADH

3.Replaces TH

4.Replaces surfactant


Question:
Name a disease causes due to the deficiency of iodine?

1. Thyroid cancer

2.Solitary thyroid nodules

3.Goitre

4.Thyroiditis


Question:
Name the condition marked by a low TSH?

1.Hypothyroidism

2.Hyperthyroidism

3.Goitre

4.Thyroid Cancer


Question:
Sometimes, the thyroid symptoms are mistaken for which condition?

1. Menopause

2.Posttraumatic stress

3.Pregnancy

4.Crohn’s disease


Question:
The symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

1.Dry skin and hair

2.Depression

3.Joint and muscle pain

4.All of the above


Question:
This condition of chronic inflammation of the thyroid leading to under-activity is

1.Thyroiditis

2.Goitre

3.Hypothyroidism

4. Hyperthyroidism


Question:
Too much release of thyroid hormone in the body causes:

1.Hypothyroidism

2.Hyperthyroidism

3.Goitre

4.None of the above


Question:
What are the functions of thyroid gland in the body?

1.Controls metabolism

2.Maintain internal homeostasis

3.Controls breathing and heart rate

4.All of the above


Question:
What are the symptoms of release of too much T3 and T4 hormones?

1. Anxiety

2.Nervousness

3.Hair loss

4.All of the above


Question:
Which gland mainly controls and regulates the actual thyroid activity?

1. Pituitary gland

2.Hypothalamus

3.Both A and B

4.Only A


Question:
_________ encloses thyroid, responsible for its movement during swallowing

1. Prevertebral fascia

2.Pretracheal fascia

3.Investing layer of the deep cervical fascia

4.Superficial fascia


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