Biochemistry/Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 11 Sample Test,Sample questions

Disulfide bonds most often stabilize the native structure of

1.extracellular proteins

2.dimeric proteins

3. hydrophobic proteins

4.intracellular proteins

How is the enzyme COX-1 important in human health?

1.It helps to transport carbon dioxide in the blood

2.It is critical for the biosynthesis of DNA

3.It is a chemical derivative of aspirin

4. It catalyzes the production of hormones that maintain the stomach lining

If the egg white protein, ovalbumin, is denatured in a hard-boiled egg, then which of the following is least affected?

1.The primary structure of ovalbumin

2.The secondary structure of ovalbumin

3.The tertiary structure of ovalbumin

4.The quaternary structure of ovalbumin

If the F and Y angles of each peptide unit in a protein are known, which of the following may also be determined?

1.Complete secondary structure

2.Complete tertiary structure

3.Complete quaternary structure

4.Thermodynamic stability

In β-pleated sheet structures neighbouring

1.chains lie in a flat plane

2.neighboring residues are hydrogen bonded

3. neighboring chains are connected by a-helices

4.neighboring chains are hydrogen bonded

Which of the following forces is the most favorable for protein folding?

1.Conformational entropy

2.Hydrophobic Interactions

3.Vander Waals interactions

4.Hydrogen bonds


1. proteins are denatured by the SDS

2. proteins have the same charge-to-mass ratio

3.smaller proteins migrate more rapidly through the gel

4.all of the above

In isoelectric focusing, proteins are separated on the basis of their

1.relative content of positively charged residue only

2.relative content of negatively charged residue only


4.relative content of positively and negatively charged residue

In the enzyme-catalyzed reaction shown below, what will be the effect on substances A, B, C, and D of inactivating the enzyme labeled E2?

A ---(E1)---> B ---(E2)---> C ---(E3)--->

1.A, B, C, and D will all still be produced

2.A, B, and C will still be produced, but not D

3. A and B will still be produced, but not C or D

4.A will still be produced, but not B, C, or D

The same peptide, Val-Lys-Glu-Met-Ser-Trp-Arg-Ala. was digested with chymotrypsin to produce

1.Val-Lys + Glu-Met-Ser + Trp-Arg-Ala.

2.Val-Lys-Glu-Met-Ser-Trp + Arg-Ala.

3.Val-Lys-Glu-Met-Ser + Trp-Arg-Ala.

4.Val-Lys-Glu-Met + Ser-Trp-Arg-Ala.

A molecule that can be covalently linked to a non-immunogenic antigen to make it an immunogen is called a (n)





An oil drop with a polar coat is a metaphor referring to the three dimensional structure of

1.fibrous proteins


3.globular proteins protein

Antigen, when injected in the body activates its specific lymphocytes in the

1. blood circulation

2.draining lymph nodes

3.MALT (mucosa associated

4.spleen lymphoid tissue

At the midpoint of a temperature transition curve,

1. half of the protein is denatured

2. Keq = 1.0 and ΔG = 0

3. [Native] = [Unfolded]

4.All of these

Attractive Vander Waals forces occur between

1.apolar molecules in the liquid state

2.any pair of nearby atoms

3.polar molecules in the solid state

4. only if other forces are less favorable

Before they can react, many molecules need to be destabilized. This state is typically achieved through

1.changing the three-dimensional shape of the molecule

2.oxidizing the molecules by removing electrons

3.changing the reaction from a biosynthetic to a catabolic pathway

4. the input of a small amount of activation energy

Buried hydrophobic side chains in a globular protein fit into a hole formed by the side chains of

1.1-3 other amino acids

2.5-7 other amino acids

3.9-12 other amino acids

4.13-15 other amino acids

Common feature in all serine proteases is a

1.hydrophobic specificity pocket

2. hydrophilic specificity pocket

3.cluster of reactive serine residues

4.single reactive serine residue

Electrophoresis of histones and myoglobin under non-denaturing conditions (pH = 7.0) results in 

1. both proteins migrate to the anode

2.histones migrate to the anode and myoglobin migrates to the cathode

3.histones migrate to the cathode and myoglobin migrates to the anode

4.both proteins migrate to the cathode

Enzyme-driven metabolic pathways can be made more efficient by

1.concentrating enzymes within specific cellular compartments

2.grouping enzymes into free-floating, multienzyme complexes

3.fixing enzymes into membranes so that they are adjacent to each other

4.All of the above

For specific antigen recognition by T cells,

1.antigen is bound by a T cell membrane antibody

2.denaturation of antigen does not reduce epitope recognition

3.MHC molecules are not required

4.antigen exposure during T cell maturation is required

For the unfolding reaction of Protein G, ΔH° =210.6 kJ/mol, this means that

1.unfolding is favored enthalpically

2.folding is favored enthalpically

3.the entropy is positive at all temperatures

4.the entropy is negative at all temperatures

Heme is the binding pocket of myoglobin and hemoglobin and is composed of

1.negatively charged residues

2.polar residues

3.hydrophobic residues

4.positively charged residues

Hemoglobin has quaternary structure and is made up of

1.six polypeptide chains, two α-chains and four β-chains

2.two polypeptide chains, one α-chains and one β-chains

3.four polypeptide chains, two α-chains and two β-chains

4.five polypeptide chains, two α-chains and three β-chains

In a gel filtration column

1.smaller proteins enter the beads more readily

2.large proteins elute first

3. both (a) and (b)

4.large proteins enter the beads more readily

In a native PAGE, proteins are separated on the basis of negative charge charge and size positive charges size positive charge

In deoxy hemoglobin (Hb), the Fe (II) is coordinated to

1.four nitrogens of heme, the proximal His, and a water molecule

2.four nitrogens of heme and to a water molecule

3.two nitrogens of heme and to three His residues in Hb

4.two nitrogens of heme and to three water molecules

In SDS-PAGE, the protein sample is first

1.treated with a reducing agent and then with anionic detergent followed by fractionation by electrophoresis

2.fractionated by electrophoresis then treated with an oxidizing agent followed by anionic detergent.

3.treated with a oxidizing agent and then with anionic detergent followed by fractionation by electrophoresis

4.none of the above

In the β-pleated sheet

1.hydrogen bonds are formed between the peptide bonds

2.adjacent polypeptide chains can either be parallel or antiparallel

3.the polypeptide chain is fully extended

4.all of the above

The molecular formula for glycine is C2H5O2N. What would be the molecular formula for a linear oligomer made by linking ten glycine molecules together by condensation synthesis?





Peptides in the fully extended chain conformation

1.have Y = F = 180° not occur in nature

3.also have a cis geometry in their peptide bonds

4.are equivalent to the (3-sheet structure

Proteins are separated in an SDS-PAGE experiment on the basis of their

1. positively charged side chains

2. molecular weight

3.negatively charged side chains

4.different isoelectric points

Proteins can be visualized directly in gels by

1. staining them with the dye

2.using electron microscope only

3.measuring their molecular weight

4. none of these

Secondary structure in protein refers to

1. linear sequence of amino acids joined together by peptide bond

2.three dimensional arrangement of all amino acids in polypeptide chain

3.regular folding of regions of the polypeptide chain

4.protein made up of more than one polypeptide chain

Since ΔG° = -RTlnK

1. a 10-fold increase in K decreases ΔG° by about 10-fold

2. a 10-fold decrease in K decreases ΔG° by about 2.3*RT

3.a 10-fold increase in K decreases ΔG° by about 2.3*RT

4.a 10-fold decrease in K increases ΔG° by about 10-fold

The cleavage specificity of trypsin and chymotrypsin depend in part on the

1.proximity of Ser 195 to the active site or specificity pocket

2.size, shape, and charge of the active site or specificity pocket

3. presence of a low-barrier hydrogen bond in the active site or specificity pocket

4.absence of water in the active site

The correlation between free energy ΔG transfer between the aqueous/organic phases and the surface area of amino acid residues

1.reflects the reduction in solvent-accessible area during protein folding only meaningful for the polar amino acids

3.ignores the important contribution of the peptide bond similar to effects seen with SDS denaturation

The different orders of protein structure are determined by all of the following bond types except

1. peptide bonds

2.phospho-diester bonds

3. disulfide bridges

4. hydrogen bonds

The E.coli pyruvic acid dehydrogenase complex is reported to

1.decatalyze the oxidation of pyruvic acid to acetyl Co A and CO2

2.Catalyze the oxidation of pyruvic acid to acetyl Co A and CO2

3.retard the reduction of pyruvic acid to acetyl Co A and CO2

4.Catalyze the reduction of pyruvic acid to acetyl Co A and CO

The heme is held in place by a bond between

1.the Fe2+ and cysteine

2.the Fe3+ and histidine

3. the Fe3+ and cysteine

4.the Fe2+ and histidine

The major element of secondary structure in myoglobin and hemoglobin is

1.the P-strand

2.the a-helix

3.the reverse turn

4. All of these

The nature of peptide bond can be best explained as

1.partial double bond

2. truly double bond

3.Hydrogen bond

4.Van der waals force

The nucleophile in serine proteases is



3.both (a) and (b)


The oxygen binding curves of hemoglobin and myoglobin

1.allow maximum transfer of oxygen to the tissues

2.are a consequence of the quaternary structure of hemoglobin

3.Hydrogen bond

4.are identical

The oxygen in hemoglobin and myoglobin is bound to

1. the iron atom in the heme group

2. the nitrogen atoms on the heme

3.histidine residues in the protein

4. lysine residues in the protein

The peptide bond in proteins is

1.planar, but rotates to three preferred dihedral angles

2.nonpolar, but rotates to three preferred dihedral angles

3.nonpolar, and fixed in a trans conformation

4.planar, and usually found in a trans conformation

The peptide, Val-Lys-Glu-Met-Ser-Trp-Arg-Ala, was digested with cyanogen bromide (CNBr) to produce:

1.Val-Lys + Glu-Met-Ser + Trp-Arg-Ala

2. Val-Lys-Glu-Met-Ser-Trp + Arg-Ala

3. Val-Lys-Glu-Met + Ser-Trp-Arg-Ala

4.Val-Lys-Glu + Met-Ser-Trp-Arg-Ala

The proteolysis rate enhancement by chymotrypsin (~1010 folds) corresponds to a reduction in activation energy of about

1.40 kJ/mol

2.49 kJ/mol

3.58 kJ/mol

4.88 kJ/mol

The Ramachandran Plot illustrates the fact that

1.the peptide bond is planar

2.the F & Y angles can assume any value in a peptide

3.the F & Y angles can assume only a single value in a protein

4.the F & Y angles can assume approximately three different values

The resonance structures that can be drawn for the peptide bond indicate that the peptide bond

1. is stronger than an ordinary single bond

2.has partial double bond character

3.both (a) and (b) still not completely understood

The role of Asp 102 and His 57 during trypsin catalysis is to

1.neutralize the charge on the other's side chain

2.keep the specificity pocket open

3.function as a proton shuttle

4.clamp the substrate into the active site

The subunit molecular weight as well as the number of subunits in the quaternary structure can be determined by

1.SDS-PAGE electrophoresis

2.gel filtration chromatography

3.combining information from (a)and (b)

4.isoelectric focusing

Tryprotophan synthetase of E.coli, a typical bifunctional oligomeric enzyme consist of

1.a protein designated A

2.two proteins designated A and B

3.a protein A and one-subunit a

4.a protein designated B

Unpaired H-bond donors and acceptors are found in the hydrophobic core of a protein

1.only at the ends of a-helices

2.only at the turns connecting p-strands

3.only on Pro residues


What is the effect of a decrease in pH on hemoglobin oxygen affinity?

1.Decrease in oxygen affinity

2.Increase in oxygen affinity

3. No effect on oxygen affinity

4. Increase affinity in muscle cell otherwise decrease

What is the proportion of glycine residues in collagenous regions?





What is the specificity of the Clostripain protease?

1.It cleave after Arg residues

2. It cleave after His residues

3.It cleave after Lys residues

4. None of the above

What was the first protein whose complete tertiary structure was determined?



3.Pancreatic ribonuclease

4.Pancreatic Dnase

Which hemoglobin chain replaces the beta chain in embryonic hemoglobulin?





Which of the common features are shared between serine and aspartate proteases?

1.Both require water to complete the catalytic cycle

2.Both use a base to activate the nucleophile

3.Both show specificity for certain amino acid sequences

4.All of the above

Which of the following (s) is/are serine proteases?




4.all of these

Which of the following forces is the most unfavorable for protein folding?

1.Conformational entropy

2.Hydrophobic interactions

3.Vander Waals interactions

4.Electrostatic interactions

Which of the following is an example of tertiary structure in a protein?

1.A multimeric protein

2.An a-helix

3.A P-pleated sheet

4.A globular domain

Which of the following is false statement with regard to comparison between Serine and HIV proteases?

1.Both use nucleophilic attack to hydrolyze the peptide bond

2.Both require water to complete the catalytic cycle

3.Both forms an acyl-enzyme intermediate

4.Both show specificity for certain amino acid sequences

Which of the following is the most correct?

1. Charged amino acids are never buried in the interior of a protein

2.Charged amino acids are seldom buried in the interior of a protein

3.All hydrophobic amino acids are buried when a protein folds

4.Tyrosine is only found in the interior of proteins

Which of the following statement is incorrect?

1.Hemoglobin and myoglobin are the two oxygen binding proteins

2.Hemoglobin transports O2 in the blood

3.Myoglobin stores O2 in muscles

4.None of the above

Which of the following statements about enzymes or their function is true?

1.Enzymes do not alter the overall change in free energy for a reaction

2. Enzymes are proteins whose three-dimensional form is key to their function

3. Enzymes speed up reactions by lowering activation energy

4.All of the above

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

1.Protein G contains both a-helix and P-sheet

2.Protein G contains only a-helix

3.Fatty acid binding protein contains largely P-sheet

4.Hemoglobin contains four sub-units

Which of the three subunits of the G proteins binds GDP and GTP?






  1. Biochemistry -Water, pH and Macromolecules
  2. Biochemistry -Structure and Properties of Amino Acids
  3. Biochemistry -Thermodynamics and Free Energy
  4. Biochemistry -Protein Purification
  5. Biochemistry - Allosteric Effects
  6. Biochemistry -Immune System
  7. Biochemistry-Anti Bodies
  8. Biochemistry -Immunological Techniques
  9. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 1
  10. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 2
  11. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 3
  12. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 4
  13. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 5
  14. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 6
  15. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 7
  16. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 8
  17. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 9
  18. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 10
  19. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 11
  20. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 12
  21. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 13
  22. Biochemistry MCQ Set 1
  23. Biochemistry MCQ Set 2
  24. Biochemistry MCQ Set 3
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