Economics/Economics Demand and Supply Set-1 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
  An economic theory is:

1.An axiom

2.A proposition

3.A hypothesis

4.A tested hypothesis


Question:
  Demand for a commodity refers to a:

1.Desire for the commodity

2.Need for the commodity

3.Quantity demanded of that commodity

4.Quantity of the commodity demanded at a certain price during any praticular period of time


Question:
  Economic problems arise because:

1.Wants are unlimited

2.Resources are scarce

3.Scarce resources have alternative uses

4.All of the above


Question:
  Identify the aspect of taxation which is related to normative economics:

1.Incidence of tax

2. Effect of tax on the capacity willingness to work

3.Equity of tax

4.None of the above


Question:
  If elasticity of supply is greater than one. Supply curve will be:

1.Horizontal

2.Vertical

3.Passing through origin

4.Touching y-axis


Question:
  If price changes by 1% and supply changes by 2% then supply is:
 

1.Elastic

2.Inelastic

3.Indeterminate

4.Static


Question:
  Supply curve will shift when:

1.Price falls

2.Price rises

3.Demand shifts

4. Technology change


Question:
  Which is not an essential feature of a socialist economy?

1.Social ownership of the means of production

2.Freedom of enterprise

3.Use of centralized planning

4.Government decisions


Question:
 If demand is inelastic a change in the price:

1.Will change the quantity in same direction

2.Will change total revenue in same direction

3.Will change total revenue in the opposite direction

4.Will not change quantity


Question:
 If demand is unitary elastic a 25% increases in price will result in:

1.25% change in total revenue

2.No change in quantity demanded

3.1% decrease in quantity demanded

4.25% decrease in quantity demanded


Question:
 If elasticity of demand is very low it shows that the commodity is:

1.A necessity

2.A luxury

3.Has little importance in total budget

4.(a) and (c) above


Question:
 If quantity demanded is completely unresponsive to changes in price demand is:

1.Inelastic

2.Unit elastic

3.Elastic

4.Perfectly inelastic


Question:
 Irrespective of price Sofia always spends Rs. 100 a week on ice cream we conclude that:

1.Elasticity of demand is 0

2.Elasticity of demand is 1

3.Elasticity of demand is infinite

4.The law of demand has been violated


Question:
 It describes the law of supply:

1.Supply curve

2.Supply schedule

3. Supply equation

4.All the three


Question:
 Law of demand shows relation between:

1.Income and price of commodity

2.Price and quantity of a commodity

3.Income and quantity demand

4.Quantity demanded and quantity supplied


Question:
 Microeconomics deals with the:

1.Allocation of resources of the economy as between production of different goods and services

2.Determination of prices of goods and services

3.Behaviour of industrial decision makers

4.All of the above


Question:
 Normally a demand curve will have the shape:

1.Horizontal

2.Vertical

3.Downward sloping

4.Upward sloping


Question:
 Other things equal if a good has more substitutes its price elasticity of demand is:

1.Larger

2.Smaller

3.Zero

4.Unity


Question:
 Price of a product falls by 10% and its demand rises by 30%. The elasticity of demand is:

1.10%

2.30%

3.3

4.1?3


Question:
 When price elasticity of demand for normal goods is calculated the value is always:

1.Positive

2.Negative

3.Constant

4.Greater than one


Question:
 When supply of a commodity increases without change in price it is called:

1.Fall in supply

2.Expansion in supply

3.Contraction in supply

4.Rise in supply


Question:
 Which is not an essential condition for an economic problem to arise?

1.Unlimited wants

2.Use of money

3.Scarcity of resources

4.Alternative uses of scarce resources


Question:
 Which of the following is Microeconomics concerned with?

1.The size of national output

2.The levelof employment

3.Changes in the general level of prices

4. None of the above


Question:
A mixed economy is characterised by the co-existence of:

1.Modern and traditional industries

2.Public and private sectors

3.Foreign and domestic investments

4.Commercial and subsistence farming


Question:
An increase in demand would cause supply curve to:

1.Shift to the left

2.Shift to the right

3.Change in slope of supply curve

4. No effect on supply


Question:
Demand is a function of:

1.Price

2.Quantity

3.Supply

4.None of these


Question:
During a particular year farmers experienced a dry weather if all other factors remain constant farmers supply curve for wheat will shift to:

1.Rightward

2.Leftward

3.Downward

4.Rise in supply


Question:
Formulation of an economic theory involves:

1.Statement of various assumptions or postulates

2.Logical deductions from the assumptions made

3.Testing the hypothesis against empirical evidence

4.All of the above


Question:
If price and total revenue move in the same direction then demand is:

1.Inelastic

2.Elastic

3.Unrelated

4. Perfectly elastic


Question:
Income elasticity of demand for normal good is always:

1.1

2.More than one

3.Negative

4.Positive


Question:
Mr. Raees Ahmad bought 50 litres of petrol when his monthly income was Rs. 25000. Now his monthly income has risen to Rs. 50000 and he purchases 100 litre of petrol. His income elasticity of demand for petrol is:

1.1

2.100%

3.Less than one

4.More than one


Question:
Price and demand are positively correlated in case of:

1.Necessities

2.Comforts

3.Giffen goods

4.Luxuries


Question:
Supply surve:

1.Is vertical in long run

2.Is flatter in long run

3. Is same in long and short run

4. Is horizontal in both short and long run


Question:
The elasticity of demand of durable goods is:

1.Less than unity

2.Greater than unity

3.Equal to unity

4.Zero


Question:
The elasticity of demand of durable goods is:

1.More elastic

2.Less elastic

3.Zero elastic

4.Infinite elastic


Question:
This is an assumption of law of demand:

1.Price of the commodity should not change

2.Quantity should not change

3.Supply should not change

4.Income of consumer should not change


Question:
What best explains a shift in market supply curve to the right?

1.An advertising campaign is successful in promoting the good

2.A new technique makes it cheaper to produce the good

3.The government introduces a tax on the good

4.None of these


Question:
What does price elasticity of demand measure?

1.Change in price caused by changes in demand

2.The rate of change of sales

3.The responsiveness of demand to price changes

4.The value of sales of a given price


Question:
When cross elasticity of demand is a large positive number one can conclude that:

1.The good is normal

2.The good is inferior

3.The good is a substitute

4.The good is a complement


Question:
When demand is perfectly inelastic an increase in price will result in:

1.A decrease in total revenue

2.An increase in total revenue

3.No change in total revenue

4.A decrease in quantity demanded


Question:
Which is not a central problem of an economy?

1.What to produce

2.How to produce

3.How to maximize private profit

4.For whom to produce


Question:
Which of the following is a demand function?

1.Q + 4P = 20

2.Q = 35 + 3P

3.Q - 2P - 15 = 0

4.Q = 4


Question:
Which of the following is incorrect?

1.A function shows the relationship between two or more variables

2.Normative Economics studies how the economic problems facing society should be solved

3.A market necessarily refers to a meeting place between buyers and sellers

4.Equilibrium refers to the market conditions which once achieved tend to persist


Question:
Which one is increasing function of price:

1.Demand

2.Utility

3.Supply

4.Consumption


Question:
Which one is the assumption of law of demand?

1.Price of the commodity should not change

2.Quantity demanded should not change

3.Prices of substitutes should not change

4.Demand curve must be linear


Question:
Which one is the assumption of law of demand?

1.Price of the commodity should not change

2.Quantity demanded should not change

3.Income of the consumer should not change

4.None of these


Question:
Zubair has a special taste for college canteen is hotdogs. The owner of the canteen doubles the prices of hotdogs. Zubair did not respond to the increase in prices and kept on demanding the same quantity of hotdogs. His demand for hotdogs is:

1.Perfectly elastic

2.Perfectly inelastic

3.Elastic

4.Less elastic


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