Geography/World Geography Questions (MCQs) for UPSC, State PCS and SSC Examinations Part 2 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
In which among the following relief areas of oceans are canyons and trenches observed?

1.Continental Shelf

2.Continental Slope

3.Mid-oceanic Ridges

4.Abyssal Plains


Question:
The Kalahari desert is located in which among the following continents?

1.Africa

2.Asia

3.Europe

4.South America


Question:
The Manhattan Island is located in which among the following countries?

1.Germany

2.Switzerland

3.United States

4.China


Question:
What are cyclones in the South China Sea and Western Pacific called?

1.Hurricanes

2.Typhoons

3.Tornadoes [D]

4. Taifu


Question:
What are equatorial low pressure belt also known as?

1.Doldrums

2.Horse Latitudes

3.Roaring Forties

4. Roaring Sixties


Question:
What are isolated hills bounded from all sides by steep escarpments and standing distinctly above a surrounding plain called?Erg

1.Inselberg

2.Mesa

3.Tableland

4.Erg


Question:
What are regions with cumulonimbus cloud formation in the tropical cyclone called?72

1.Eye

2.Rain bands

3.Eye Wall

4.Torrent


Question:
What is drainage divide also known as?

1.Impluvium

2.Catchment area

3.Watershed

4.Drainage area


Question:
What is form of precipitation where rainwater passing through colder layers, have several concentric layers of ice, one over the another?
 

1.Sleet

2.Mist

3.Snowfall

4.Hail


Question:
What is the area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet called?

1.River stream

2.Thalweg

3.Watershed

4.Swamp


Question:
What is the simplest form of Pastoral Activity?

1.Hunting

2. Food Gathering

3.Pastoral Herding

4.Ranching


Question:
What is the time period between a low tide and a high tide called?

1.Ebb Tide

2.Flow Tide

3.Receding Tide

4.Outgoing Tide


Question:
What percentage of the population lives in urban area?

1.50%

2.10%

3.32%

4.62%


Question:
What type of climate is present in most of the Peninsular plateau barring the coromandel coast?75.

1.Tropical Savannah

2.Semi-arid Steppe type

3.Hot desert type

4.Monsoon Type with dry winters


Question:
Which among the following are considered as the largest, highest and widest reefs?
Barrier Reefs
Atolls
Fringing Reefs
Select the correct code from the options given below:
82.

1.Only 2

2.Only 1

3.Only 3

4.None of the above


Question:
Which among the following are high clouds generally found at a height greater than 6000 metres?

1.Cirrus

2.Stratus

3.Cumulus

4.Cumulonimbus


Question:
Which among the following belts is also called as Horse Latitudes?

1.Equatorial Low Pressure Belt

2.Sub-Tropical High Pressure Belt

3.Sub-Polar Low Pressure Belt

4.Polar High Pressure Belt


Question:
Which among the following clouds are also called as middle clouds forming at a height of 2000 � 6000 metres?

1.Cirrus clouds

2.Stratus clouds

3.Storm clouds

4.Alto clouds


Question:
Which among the following conditions is/are favourable for the formation of Cyclone?
Low sea surface with temperature lower than 27� C.
Presence of the Coriolis force 
Small variations in the vertical wind speed
Upper divergence above the sea level system
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1, 2 & 3

2.Only 2, 3, & 4

3.Only 1 & 2

4.1, 2, 3 & 4


Question:
Which among the following factors is/are considered for determining a suitable location of industries?
Least cost of production
Maximum social gain
Desire for the regional development
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1. Only 1

2. Only 2 &3

3. Only 1 & 3

4.1, 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following groups in Koeppen�s climate classification is referred as areas of very low temperature?

1.Airways

2.H

3.E

4.B


Question:
Which among the following is correct about the term Estancias?

1.The term applied to large animal farms in South America

2. The term applied to small animal farms in South America

3.The term applied to large animal farms in Africa

4.The term applied to large animal farms in NorthAmerica


Question:
Which among the following is not a surface means of transport?

1.Airways

2.Railways

3.Waterways

4.Roadways


Question:
Which among the following is the cheapest means of transportation?

1.Railways

2.Roadways

3.Airways

4.Waterways


Question:
Which among the following is/are benefits of Aquaculture?
Increase jobs in markets
Reduce sea food trade deficit
Alternative Fuel source
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1

2.Only 1 & 3

3.Only 2 & 3

4. 1, 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following is/are correct about causes of Coral Bleaching?
Rise in Temperature
Ocean Acidification
Increased Sedimentation
Chemical Pollution
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.1,3 And 6 Only

2.Only 1 & 4

3.Only 2, 3 & 4

4.1, 2, 3 & 4


Question:
Which among the following is/are positive consequences of migration?
Unemployment is reduced and people get better job opportunities.
The population density is reduced and the birth rate decreases.
Pressure on natural resources, amenities and services.
Select the correct code from the options given below:
[B]

1.Only 1

2. Only 1 & 2

3.Only 2 & 3

4.1, 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following is/are the characteristics of the Jute crop?
Jute is fibre crop of cold and mid-latitude regions.
It is a highly labour intensive crop.
A well-distributed rainfall of 100 cm or more is required for a healthy growth of jute.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1. Only 1 & 3

2. Only 2

3. Only 2 & 3

4.1, 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following layers of ocean and density is/are correctly matched?
Surface Layer � Highest density
Pynocline Layer � Sharp density gradient
Deep or bottom layer �  Lowest but uniform density.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Only 1 &3

4.1, 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following metals is called a Noble metal?

1.Iron

2.Steel

3.Copper

4.Gold


Question:
Which among the following processes are involved in the formation of the cliff?

1.Erosion

2.Deposition

3.Weathering

4.Both 1 & 3


Question:
Which among the following regions are areas of low growth rate of population?
United States
Brazil
Afghanistan 
Iran
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1 & 3

2.Only 1

3.Only 2 & 4

4. 1, 2, 3 & 4


Question:
Which among the following shows the horizontal temperature distribution of oceans?

1.Isobar line

2.Isothermal line

3.Isohaline line

4.Isometric line


Question:
Which among the following statements is correct about Cryovolcano?
It is informally called as Ice volcano.

1.It is informally called as Ice volcano.

2.It is a volcano that has erupted 1000 cubic km in a single eruption

3.It is a low profile volcano usually formed almost entirely of fluid lava flows

4.It is an isolated, flat-topped underwater volcano mountain


Question:
Which among the following statements is not correct about the Southern Ocean?76.

1.It is also known as the Austral Ocean

2.It is the second smallest ocean divisions

3.Cape Leeuwin is described as the point where the Indian and Southern Oceans meet.

4.Challenger Deep is the deepest point in the Southern Ocean


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about atmospheric pressure?
A rising pressure indicates fine and settled weather.
A falling pressure indicates unstable and cloudy weather.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 2

2.Only 1

3.Both 1 & 2

4.Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about Commercial Fishing?
The continental shelf areas of the oceans are the most important fish producing areas.
Some of the commercially harvested fish such as herring and mackeral live directly on plankton.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4.Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about Neap Tides?
They occur when the sun, the moon, and the earth are in a straight line.
The tides during this period will be lower than the normal.
They occur twice in a month- one on the full moon and the other on the new moon.
Select the correct code from the options given below:
84.

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Only 1 & 2

4.Only 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about Ocean Temperature?
The surface temperature of the oceans declines from the equator towards the poles.
The oceans of the Southern are warmer than that of the Northern Oceans.
Select the correct code from the options given below:
78.

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4.Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about sinkholes?
They are a type of fluvial landform.
They are also called as swallet or swallow hole.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4.Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about the Growth of Population?
Positive Growth of Population happens if the population decreases between two points of time.
Negative Growth of Population happens when the birth rate is more than the death rate between two points of time.
Select the correct code from the options given below:
88.

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4.Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about the soil and its color?
Soils rich in humus tend to be dark because decomposed organic matter is black or brown.
Red or yellow soils typically indicate the presence of magnesium.
Select the correct code from the options given below:
[D]

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4. Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about the soil chemistry?
High pH values indicate an acidic soil.
A low pH indicates alkaline conditions.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4. Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about the Westerlies?
They blow from the Polar high pressure area to the Temperate low pressure area.
The British type of climate or the western European type of climate is produced by the westerly which causes rainfall throughout the year.
They are known as roaring forties along 40�S, furious fifties along 50�S and shrieking sixties along 60�S.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1 & 2

2.Only 2 & 3

3.Only 1

4.1, 2 & 3


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about Tors?
Tor is also called as Castle Koppie.
They are formed by the process of weathering and erosion.
Tors are mostly less than 5 m high.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1 & 3

2.Only 1

3.1,2 & 3

4.Only 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following statements is/are correct about Urbanization in India?
According to the Census conducted in 1901, only 11.4% of the Indian population used to live in urban areas.
The significant rise in urban population was observed post-independence scenario.
Select the correct code from the options given below:

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.Both 1 & 2

4.Neither 1 & 2


Question:
Which among the following xeric landform is a deep shaped valley formed by erosion?54.

1.Erg

2.Barkhans

3.Gulch

4.Inselberg


Question:
Which branch of agriculture refers to livestock raising and selective breeding?

1.Petrology

2.Animal Husbandry

3.Veternary Science

4.Mixed Agriculture


Question:
Which is the largest desert in Argentina?

1.Atacama

2.Patagonian

3.Great Basin

4.Sonoran


Question:
Who among the following argued that Fjords are tectonic in origin?

1.Jens Esmark

2.Alexander Boldt

3.John Walter Gregory

4.Henry Hess


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