MBA/MBA Business Economics MCQ Set 5 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 During the recession of 2001,

1.There were a number of proposals for tax increases or spending cuts to stir the economy, but the failed due to worries about their effects on the already large deficit

2.A series of tax cuts were passed, though the only occurred in late 2001

3.All the proposed tax and spending cuts were approved in order to motivate the economy and reduce the large deficit

4.The cyclical deficit increased but the structural deficit remained unchanged


Question:
A consumers demand curve can be obtained from:

1.ICC

2.Engel curve

3.Lorence curve

4.PCC


Question:
A fall in the price of a commodity leads to

1.A shift in demand

2.A fall in demand

3.A rise in the consumer's real income

4.A fall in the consumer's real income


Question:
A fall in the price of a commodity whose demand curve is a rectangular hyperbola causes total expenditure on the commodity to:

1.Increases

2.Decrease

3.Remains unchanged

4.Any of the above


Question:
A usual assumption in real business cycle models is that the economy is populated by a group of identical individuals and the behavior of the group can then be explained in terms of the behavior of one individual, called a ______

1.Maximizing agent

2.Representative agent

3.Republican agent

4.Informative agent


Question:
According to partisan party model,

1.The primary emphasis of the liberal party is on full employment and income distribution.

2.The liberal party stresses price stability as their most important goat.

3.Employment stability is most important to the conservative party.

4.Only two parties exit.


Question:
According to the concept of rational expectations

1.Budget deficits are irrelevant to output in the short-run

2.Higher deficits should increase output in the short run if they are expected

3.Lower deficits can be used to stabilize output during expansions

4.None of these


Question:
According to the Keynesian model, the optimal fiscal policy is to

1.Increase cyclical but not structural deficits during a recession

2.Reduce cyclical and structural deficits during a recession

3.Increase structural deficits during a recession

4.Maintain a balanced budget in case of national emergency


Question:
Advocates of real business cycle theories argue that all of the following could cause a recession except

1.A fall in consumer expectations

2.Natural disasters

3.Higher taxation

4.Increase in the price of oil


Question:
An example of negative productivity shocks that could cause recessions is

1.A hurricane which destroys capital

2.A decrease in the price of oil

3.Reductions in defense spending

4.All of the above


Question:
Assuming a simultaneous deduction in income taxes and transfer payments of $50 billion, then aggregate disposable income will

1.be higher than before

2.be lower than before

3.remain constant

4.None of the above


Question:
Automatic fiscal stabilizers

1.Keep the federal budget balanced

2.Keep the federal high employment budget balanced

3.Help to reduce the severity of recessions and inflationary boom periods

4.Increases structural deficits over the business cycle


Question:
Cross elasticity of demand between tea and sugar is:

1.Positive

2.Zero

3.Infinity

4.Negative


Question:
Determination of price through interaction of demand and supply was introduced by:

1.Keynes

2.Marshall

3.Pigou

4.Walras


Question:
Direct control refers to:

1.Trade and exchange controls

2.Interference with the operation of the market forces

3.Price and wage controls

4.All of these


Question:
Dualism in development economics refers to

1.Dual price policy

2.Co-existence of technical and non-technical sectors

3.Co-existence of modern and traditional sectors

4.Co-existence of institutional and non- institutional agencies


Question:
Factors which change over a long period of time are called ______ factors

1.Business

2.Cyclic

3.Secular

4.All the above.


Question:
If the tax function is given by T= -20+0.1 Y the average tax rate would

1.Be 0.1

2.Fall as income falls

3.Vary negatively with income

4.Be -20 _0.1


Question:
In real business cycle models, business cycles are caused by ______, while in new Keynesian model business cycles are caused by ______

1.Aggregate demand ; Aggregate demand

2.Aggregate demand ; Aggregate supply

3.Aggregate supply; Aggregate demand

4.Fiscal policy ; monetary policy


Question:
In the IS-LM model, an easy monetary in conjunction with a tight fiscal policy

1.Increases exports and decreases imports

2.Decreases exports and increases imports

3.Encourages foreign capital inflows to the U.S.

4.Both b and c


Question:
In the long run all input become ______

1.Fixed

2.Variable

3.Semi variable

4.None of these


Question:
In the real business cycle theory during a period when output is falling

1.Workers are voluntary giving up their jobs

2.The quantity supplied of labor is falling

3.All of the above

4.None of the above


Question:
In the simple Keynesian model, if the tax function is given by T=0.15Y and the consumption function is C= 50 + 0.7 YD then a 10-unit ncrease in government spending would increase equilibrium income by

1.10 units

2.11.2 units

3.22.4 units

4.30 units


Question:
New Keynesian would agree with all of the following except

1.Stabilization policy can reduce the severity of business cycles

2.Wages and prices are sticky

3.Markets are perfectly competitive

4.Market equilibrium is often suboptimal


Question:
Physiocrats give utmost importance to

1.Services

2.Industry

3.Agriculture

4.None of these


Question:
The author of the book "The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money"

1.Alfred Marshall

2.Adam Smith

3.J M Keynes

4.A C Pigou


Question:
The equity of Reserve Bank of India in National Housing Bank is:

1.49%

2.51%

3.71%

4.100%


Question:
The first Nobel prize winner for Economics was

1.Hicks

2.Myrdal

3.Samuelson

4.Turbergen


Question:
The five year plan in India are launched after the approval of

1.The President and Prime Minister

2.The Rajya Sabha

3.The National Development Council (NDC)

4.The Lok Sabha


Question:
The higher the marginal income tax rate, the

1.Higher the MPC out of disposable income

2.Lower the MPC out of disposable income

3.Highest the autonomous expenditure multiplier

4.lower the autonomous expenditure multiplier


Question:
The horizontal demand curve for a commodity shows that its demand is:

1.Perfectly elastic

2.Highly elastic

3.Perfectly inelastic

4.Moderately elastic


Question:
The income consumption curve generally?

1.Slopes upwards to the right

2.Slopes downwards to the right

3.Slopes upwards to the left

4.Slopes downwards to the left


Question:
The product under monopolistic competition are

1.differentiated with close substitute

2.perfect substitute

3.differentiated without close substitute

4.homogeneous


Question:
The rational entrepreneur will expand his output and select input combinations which lies on his:

1.Isoquant line

2.Ridge line

3.Isoquant line

4.Expansion path


Question:
The real business cycle theory

1.Argues for active stabilization policy.

2.Argues for interventionist policies in response to recessions

3.Is in favor of a constant money growth rate rule for the money stock

4.None of the above


Question:
The relationship between demand for a commodity and price, ceteris paribus, is:

1.Negative

2.Positive

3.Non-negative

4.Non-positive


Question:
The structural deficit is

1.Directly attributable to the long-run behaviour of the economy

2.Not directly attributable to the cyclical behaviour of the economy

3.The result of permanent decisions policymakers have made about tax rates, the level of government spending, and benefit levels for transfer programs.

4.Both b and c


Question:
The structural deficit is the deficit that

1.Is composed by of non discretionary spending by the federal government

2.Results from the economy being below is natural rate of output

3.Exists when output is at its natural rate of output

4.Results from temporary tax cuts


Question:
The utility of a commodity is:

1.Its expected social value

2.The extent of its practical use

3.Its relative scarcity

4.The degree of its fashion


Question:
Unitary elasticity of demand is:

1.Zero

2.Equal to one

3.Greater than 1

4.Less than 1


Question:
Which of the following is a better measure of economic development?

1.National income

2.Rural consumption

3.Size of exports

4.Employment


Question:
Which of the following is not a function of managerial economist

1.Analysis of under developed economies

2.Capital project appraisal

3.Advice on primary commodities

4.None of these


Question:
Which of the following shocks have been emphasized most often with respect to real business cycle story?

1.Shocks to technology

2.Variations in environmental conditions

3.Changes in the real(relative) prices of imported raw materials

4.Changes in tax rates


Question:
Which of the following statements are correct

1.Real business cycle theorists remain convinced that the business cycle can be explained as an equilibrium phenomenon

2.According to real business cycle theorists fluctuations in output come as optimizing agents respond to real shocks that affect production possibilities

3.Real business cycle theorists consider policies to prevent fluctuations in output unnecessary

4.All of the above


Question:
Which of the following statements are correct? According to real business cycle theory,

1.The desirable monetary policy would appear to be one that results in a slow steady growth in the money supply and, thus stable prices.

2.There is some role for activist monetary stabilization policy of a Keynesian type

3.Changes in aggregate demand cannot impact output

4.Both a and c


Question:
Which of the following statements is(are) correct?

1.Even the earliest political business cycle and partisan models assume that expectations were rational

2.The partisan model of fiscal policy cannot be modified to be consistent with rational expectations

3.The myopic, or short-sighted behaviour of voters is inconsistent with rational expectations

4.The earliest political business cycle models assumed that expectations were always rational, whereas the partisan model assumed that expectations were sometimes irrational.


Question:
Which one is not an exception to the Law of Demand?

1.Normal good

2.Articles of Distinction

3.Ignorance

4.Inferior good


Question:
Who gave the first scientific treatment of general equilibrium analysis

1.Leon Walras

2.J.B Say

3.Edward Chamberlain

4.K.E Boulding


Question:
Who is regarded as a father of Business Economics

1.Joel Dean

2.Adam Smith

3.J M Keynes

4.Ragnar Frisch


Question:
________ is called produced means of production

1.Land

2.Labour

3.Capital

4.Raw material


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