MBA/MBA Business Ethics and Governance MCQ Set 1 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 The hand-of-government refers to the

1.ability of the government to interfere in business negotiations

2.role of corporations to be profitable within the law

3.effect of national politics on business decisions

4.impact of changing government regulations


Question:
A (n) _____________ is a problem, situation, or opportunity requiring an individual, group, or organization to choose among several actions that must be evaluated as right or wrong.

1.Crisis

2.ethical issue

3.indictment

4.fraud


Question:
A board that is elected in a classified system is known as a:

1.Diversified board.

2.Staggered board.

3.Rotating board.

4.Declassified board.


Question:
A high-commitment approach to environmental issues may include all of the following except:

1.risk analysis

2.stakeholder analysis

3.green-washing

4.strategic sustainability auditing


Question:
A stakeholder orientation includes all of the following activities except:

1.generating data about stakeholder groups

2.assessing the firm's effects on stakeholder groups

3.distributing stakeholder information throughout the firm

4.minimizing the influence of stakeholder information on the firm


Question:
An independent director is one who:

1.Did not attend a school supported by the company.

2.Does not have outside relationships with other directors.

3.Does not have any other relationships with the company other than his or her directorship.

4.all of the above.


Question:
An organisation's obligation to act to protect and improve society's welfare as well as its own interests is referred to as

1.organisational social responsibility

2.organisational social responsiveness

3.corporate obligation

4.business ethics


Question:
An organization’s appropriate tone at the top promoting ethical conduct is an example of:

1.Ethics sensitivity.

2.Ethics incentives.

3.Ethical behavior.

4.Consequentialist.


Question:
Atmospheric issues include all of the following except:

1.acid rain

2.global warming

3.air pollution

4.water quantity


Question:
Better access to certain markets, differentiation of products, and the sale of pollution-control technology are ways in which better environmental performance can:

1.increase revenue

2.increase costs

3.decrease revenue

4.decrease costs


Question:
Codes of conduct and codes of ethics

1.are formal statements that describe what an organization expects of its employees.

2.become necessary only after a company has been in legal trouble.

3.are designed for top executives and managers, not regular employees.

4.rarely become an effective component of the ethics and compliance program.


Question:
External audit of the accounts of a limited company is required

1.because it is demanded by the company’s bankers

2.by the Companies Act 2006

3.at the discretion of the shareholders

4.to detect fraud


Question:
For referent power to be effective, what must exist between individuals in the relationship?

1.Antipathy

2.Rivalry

3.History

4.Empathy


Question:
In terms of the ASX Principles, which of the following regarding the composition of the nomination committee of a listed company is most correct?

1.A minimum of three members chaired by an executive director.

2.A majority of independent directors chaired by an independent director.

3.A majority of three members of whom most are independent directors.

4.A minimum of one independent director who also chairs the committee.


Question:
In terms of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act, which of the following entities would be required to register with the Clean Energy Regulator?

1.A facility that emitted 23.5kt of greenhouse gases.

2.A corporate that consumed 199TJ of energy.

3.A facility that produced 150TJ of energy.

4.A corporate that emitted 26Kt of greenhouse gases.


Question:
Managerial ethics can be characterised by all of the following levels except

1.immoral management

2.amoral management

3.demoral management

4.moral management


Question:
Most companies begin the process of establishing organizational ethics programs by developing:

1.ethics training programs.

2.codes of conduct.

3.ethics enforcement mechanisms.

4.hidden agendas.


Question:
One of the objectives of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act was to:

1.Increase the cost of compliance with federal regulations.

2.Force foreign companies to delist from U.S. capital market exchanges.

3.Improve the quality and transparency of financial reporting.

4.Increase the compliance burden for small companies.


Question:
Stakeholders are considered more important to an organization when:

1.they can make use of their power on the organization

2.they do not emphasize the urgency of their issues

3.their issues are not legitimate

4.they can express themselves articulately


Question:
Stakeholders are considered more important to an organization when:

1.they can make use of their power on the organization

2.they do not emphasize the urgency of their issues

3.their issues are not legitimate

4.they can express themselves articulately


Question:
Successful global initiatives addressing standards for business must begin and end with:

1.the role of corporate governance and shareholder power in corporate decision making.

2.social activism

3.the implementation of standardized ethics programs.

4.the consolidation of economic and environmental efforts.


Question:
The ability to interpret and adapt successfully to different national, organizational, and professional cultures is called:

1.national competitiveness.

2.global development.

3.cultural intelligence.

4.stakeholder sensitivity


Question:
The chairperson of the board of directors and CEO should be leaders with:

1.Vision and problem solving skills.

2.The ability to motivate.

3.Business acumen.

4.all of the above.


Question:
The corporate governance structure of a company reflects the individual companies’:

1.Cultural and economic system.

2.Legal and business system.

3.Social and regulatory system.

4.all of the above.


Question:
The first step in the auditing process should be to secure the commitment of:

1.employees.

2.top executives and directors.

3.stockholders.

4.customers.


Question:
The four types of social responsibility include:

1.legal, philanthropic, economic, and ethical

2.ethical, moral, social, and economic

3.philanthropic, justice, economic, and ethical

4.legal, moral, ethical, and economic


Question:
The goal of corporate governance and business ethics education is to:

1.Teach students their professional accountability and to uphold their personal Integrity to society.

2.Change the way in which ethics is taught to students.

3.Create more ethics standards by which corporate professionals must operate.

4.Increase the workload for accounting students.


Question:
The internal audit function is least effective when the department:

1.Is non-independent.

2.Is competent.

3.Is objective.

4.Exhibits integrity


Question:
The primary stakeholders are:

1.Customers.

2.Suppliers.

3.Shareholders.

4.Creditors.


Question:
The social economy partnership philosophy emphasizes:

1.cooperation and assistance.

2.profit maximization.

3.competition.

4.restricting resources and support.


Question:
The view that business exists at society's pleasure and businesses should meet public expectations of social responsibility is the

1.iron law of responsibility argument

2.enlightened self-interest argument

3.capacity argument

4.anti-freeloader argument


Question:
The _____________ dimension of social responsibility refers to a business's societal contribution of time, money, and other resources.

1.Ethical

2.Philanthropic

3.Volunteerism

4.Strategic


Question:
To be successful, business ethics training programs need to:

1.focus on personal opinions of employees.

2.be limited to upper executives.

3.educate employees on formal ethical frameworks and models of ethical decision making.

4.promote the use of emotions in making tough ethical decisions.


Question:
Under the _____________, both internal and external corporate governance mechanisms are intended to induce managerial actions that maximize profit and shareholder value.

1.Shareholder theory.

2.Agency theory.

3.Stakeholder theory.

4.Corporate governance theory.


Question:
What type of justice exists if employees are being open, honest, and truthful in their communications at work?

1.Procedural

2.Distributive

3.Ethical

4.Interactional


Question:
When a firm charges different prices to different groups of customers, it may be accused of:

1.cultural relativism

2.money laundering

3.facilitating payments

4.price discrimination


Question:
Where in the annual report would you expect to find mandatory social and environmental reporting?

1.The financial statements and the chairman's report.

2.Notes to the financial statements and directors' report.

3.Corporate governance information and the auditor's report.

4.The Directors' declaration and the Chief Executive Officer's report.


Question:
Which moral philosophy seeks the greatest good for the greatest number of people?

1.Consequentialism

2.Utilitarianism

3.Egoism

4.Ethical formalism


Question:
Which of the following descriptions applicable to different types of directors and their independence is incorrect?

1.Independent executive director.

2.Independent non-executive director.

3.Non-independent executive director.

4.Non-independent non-executive director.


Question:
Which of the following is a problem presented by ethics audits?

1.They may be used to reallocate resources.

2.They identify practices that need improvement.

3.Selecting auditors may be difficult.

4.They may pinpoint problems with stakeholder relationships.


Question:
Which of the following is not a CSR theory?

1.Rights theory.

2.Legitimacy theory.

3.Stakeholder theory.

4.Enlightened self-interest.


Question:
Which of the following is not a driver of responsible competitiveness?

1.Policy drivers

2.Development drivers

3.Business action

4.Social enablers


Question:
Which of the following regarding agency theory is correct?

1.Agency theory only applies to large entities.

2.Agents act in the best interest of the principal.

3.Agents are assumed to be in a position of power.

4.Agency theory defines the relationship between agents and directors.


Question:
Which of the following regarding corporate governance is correct?

1.Corporate governance can temper growth.

2.Good corporate governance can result in excessive risk-taking.

3.Corporate governance often result in prompt and effective decision-making.

4.The aim of corporate governance is to protect the interests of shareholders and the local economies.


Question:
Which of the following regarding residual loss is correct?

1.Bonding costs do not have an effect on residual loss.

2.Residual loss is incurred by the agent because an agency relationship exists.

3.Under agency theory, residual loss can be reduced to zero by good governance.

4.A reduction in residual loss is likely to be the result of an increase in monitoring costs.


Question:
Which of the following relating to CSR theories is correct?

1.Institutional theory is based on the shareholder concept.

2.Social contract is the key concept of legitimacy theory.

3.The key concept of enlightened self-interest is stakeholder relations.

4.Stakeholder theory requires organisations to manage community perceptions to survive.


Question:
Which of the following relating to discounting future liabilities is correct?

1.Discounting future cash flows is not aligned with the aims and objectives of sustainability reporting.

2.Discounting distant future costs that are to be incurred increases the current liability that is to be reported now.

3.Discounting costs highlights the savings of future generations due to present generations accounting for the loss now.

4.Discounting social issues are done in terms of the accounting standards so there are no ethical issues as the process is fair.


Question:
Which of the following statements regarding institutional shareholders is correct?

1.These shareholders have extensive power to monitor the activities of the company.

2.Institutional shareholders prefer to exert their power privately rather than publicly.

3.These shareholders often aim to improve outcomes rather than sell their shareholding.

4.Institutional shareholders are known to publicly use their voting power to encourage sound corporate governance.


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