NCERT Class 11/MCQ Questions for Class 11 Chemistry sets 2 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
A certain buffer solution contains equal concentration of X– and HX. The ka for HX is 10-8. The pH of the buffer is

1.3

2.8

3.11

4.14


Question:
A physician wishes to prepare a buffer solution at pH = 3.85 that efficiently resists changes in pH yet contains only small concentration of the buffering agents. Which of the following weak acids together with its sodium salt would be best to use?

1.2, 5-Dihydroxy benzoic acid (pKa = 2.97)

2.Acetoacetic acid (pKa = 3.58)

3.m-Chlorobenzoic acid (pKa = 3.98)

4. p-Chlorocinnamic acid (pKa = 4.41)


Question:
A standard reduction electrode potentials of four metals are A = -0.250 V, B = -0.140 V, C = -0.126 V, D = -0.402 V The metal that displaces A from its aqueous solution is:

1.A

2.B

3.C

4.D


Question:
A system absorb 10 kJ of heat at constant volume and its temperature rises from 270 C to 370 C. The value of ∆ U is

1.100 kJ

2.10 kJ

3.0 kJ

4.1 kJ


Question:
A weak acid HX has the dissociation constant 1 × 10-5 M. It forms a salt NaX on reaction with alkali. The degree of hydrolysis of 0.1 M solution of NaX is

1.0.0001%

2.0.01%

3.0.1%

4.0.15%


Question:
Alkali metals give a _________________when dissolved in liquid ammonia

1.Deep blue solution

2.Colourless

3.Red colour

4.None of the above


Question:
Amines behave as

1. Lewis Acids

2.Lewis Base

3.Aprotic Acid

4.Neutral Compound


Question:
Among the following hydroxides, the one which has the lowest value of Ksp at ordinary temperature (about 25°C ) is

1.Mg (OH)2

2.Ca(OH)2

3.Ba(OH)2

4.Be(OH)2


Question:
Among the following the weakest Bronsted base is

1. F–

2.Cl–

3.Br–

4. I–


Question:
An ideal gas is taken around the cycle ABCA as shown in P-V diagram The next work done by the gas during the cycle is equal to:

1.12P1V1

2.6P1V1

3.5P1V1

4.P1V1


Question:
Atomic hydrogen is called

1.Protium

2.Deutrium

3.Nascent Hydrogen

4.Tritium


Question:
Based on the first law of thermodynamics, which one of the following is correct?

1.For an isothermal process, q = +w

2.For an isochoric process, ΔU = -q

3.For an adiabatic process, ΔU = -w

4. For a cyclic process, q = -w


Question:
Calculate the heat required to make 6.4 Kg CaC2 from CaO(s) and C(s) from the reaction: CaO(s) + 3 C(s) → CaC2(s) + CO (g) given that ∆f Ho (CaC2) = -14.2 kcal. ∆f H° (CO) = -26.4 kcal.

1.5624 kcal

2.1.11 × 104 kcal

3.86.24 × 10³

4.1100 kcal


Question:
Carnallite is the mineral of:

1.Na

2.Ca

3. Mg

4.None of the above


Question:
Concentration of the Ag+ ions in a saturated solution of Ag2C2O4 is 2.2 x 10-4 mol L-1. Solubility product of Ag2C2O42 is

1.2.66 × 10-12

2.4.5 × 10-11

3.5.3 × 10-12

4.2.42 × 10-8


Question:
Concentration of the Ag-4 ions in a saturated solution of Ag2C2O4 is 2.2 × (a) 10-4 mol L-1. Solubility product of Ag2C2O4 is

1.2.66 × 10-12

2.2.42 × 10-8

3.4.5 × 10-11

4.5.3 × 10-12


Question:
CsOH is

1.Strongly basic

2.Weakly basic

3.Slightly acidic

4.Amphoteric.


Question:
H2O2 used in rocket has the concentration:

1.50%

2. 90%

3.70%

4. 30%


Question:
How many millilitres of 0.5 M H2SO4 are needed to dissolve 0.5 g of copper(II)carbonate?

1. 6.01

2.4.5

3.8.1

4.11.1


Question:
Hydrogen has isotopes

1.2

2.3

3.4

4.5


Question:
Hydrogen is a good __________ agent.

1.Oxidizing

2.Reducing

3.Acidic

4.Basic


Question:
Hydrogen is most __________ element in the universe.

1. Abundant

2.None

3.Both

4.Consumer


Question:
Hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth after______.

1.Oxygen

2.Carbon

3.Sulphur

4.None of the above


Question:
If equal volumes of 1M KMnO4 and 1M K2Cr2O7 solutions are allowed to oxidize Fe2+ in acidic medium. The amount of iron oxidized will be:

1.More with KMnO2

2.More with K2Cr2O7

3.Equal with both oxidising agents

4.Cannot be determined


Question:
In a reversible chemical reaction at equilibrium, if the concentration of any one of the reactants is doubled, then the equilibrium constant will

1.Also be Doubled

2.Be Halved

3.Remain the Same

4.Become One-Fourth


Question:
In a reversible process the system absorbs 600 kJ heat and performs 250 kJ work on the surroundings. What is the increase in the internal energy of the system?

1.850 kJ

2.600 kJ

3.350 kJ

4.250 kJ


Question:
In a system where ∆E = -51.0 kJ, a piston expanded against a pext of 1.2 atm giving a change in volume of 32.0 L. What was the change in heat of this system?

1.-36 kJ

2.-13 kJ

3.-47 kJ

4.24 kJ


Question:
In curing cement plasters, water is sprinkled from time to time. This helps in

1.Converting sand into silicic acid

2.Keeping it cool

3.Developing interlocking needle like crystals of hydrated silicates

4.Hydrating sand and gravel mixed with cement.


Question:
In which of the following process, a maximum increase in entropy is observed?

1.Dissolution of Salt in Water

2.Condensation of Water

3.Sublimation of Naphthalene

4.Melting of Ice


Question:
KMnO4​ reacts with oxalic acid according to the equation 2MnO4–​ + 5C2​O4​2-​ + 16H+ → 2Mn2+​ +10CO2​ + 8H2​O Here 20 mL of 0.1 M KMnO4​ is equivalent to

1. 50 mL of 0.5 M C2H2O4

2. 20 mL of 0.1 M C2H2O4

3. 20 mL of 0.5 M C2H2O4

4. 50 mL of 0.1 M C2H2O4


Question:
Metals generally react with dilute acids to produce hydrogen gas. Which one of the following metals does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid?

1.Copper

2.Magnesium

3.Iron

4.Silver


Question:
Milk of lime reacts with chlorine to form ________, a constituent of bleaching powder.

1.Ca(OCI)2

2.Ca(CIO2)2

3.Ca(CIO3)2

4.Ca(CIO4)2


Question:
One mole of N2H4 loses ten moles of electrons to form a new compound A. Assuming that all the nitrogen appears in the new compound, what is the oxidation state of nitrogen in A? (There is no change in the oxidation state of hydrogen.)

1. -1

2.-3

3.+3

4.+5


Question:
One mole of which of the following has the highest entropy?

1.Liquid Nitrogen

2.Hydrogen Gas

3.Mercury

4.Diamond


Question:
Pure H2O2 is :

1.Semi – solid

2.Liquid

3.Solid

4.Gas


Question:
Pure H2O2 is:

1.Semi – solid

2.Liquid

3.Solid

4.Gas


Question:
Solubility of M2S salt is 3.5 × 10-6 then find out solubility product.

1. 1.7 × 10-6

2.1.7 × 10-16

3.1.7 × 10-18

4. 1.7 × 10-12


Question:
Standard enthalpy of vapourisation ΔHvap for water at 100oC is 40.66 kJmol-1. The internal energy of vapourisation of water at 100°C (in kJmol-1) is (Assume water vapour to behave like an ideal gas)

1.43.76

2.40.66

3.37.56

4.-43.76


Question:
The amount of the heat released when 20 ml 0.5 M NaOH is mixed with 100 ml 0.1 M HCl is x kJ. The heat of neutralization is

1.-100 × kJ/mol

2.-50 × kJ/mol

3.100 × KJ/mol

4.50 × kJ/mol


Question:
The basic strength of which hydroxide is maximum

1. LiOH

2.NaOH

3.Ca (OH)2

4.KOH


Question:
The bond energy (in kcal mol-1) of a C-C single bond is approximately

1. 1

2.10

3.83-85

4.1000


Question:
The colourless solution of silver nitrate slowly turns blue on adding copper chips to it because of

1.Dissolution of Copper

2.Oxidation of Ag+ → Ag

3.Reduction of Cu2+ ions

4.Oxidation of Cu atoms.


Question:
The composition of Sorels cement is

1.KCl × MgCl2× 6H2O

2.MgCl2 × 5MgO × (xH2O)

3.MgCO3 × CaCO3

4. CaSO4 × 2H2O


Question:
The enthalpies of combustion of carbon and carbon monoxide are -393.5 and -283.0 kJ mol-1 respectively. The enthalpy of formation of carbon monoxide is:

1.-676 kJ

2.110.5 kJ

3.-110.5 kJ

4.676.5 kJ


Question:
The enthalpy of vaporisation of a substance is 8400 J mol-1 and its boiling point is –173°C. The entropy change for vaporisation is :

1.84 J mol-1K-1

2.21 J mol-1K-1

3. 49 J mol-1K-1

4.12 J mol-1K-1


Question:
The freezing point of heavy water is

1.0°C

2.3.8°C

3.4°C

4.1°C


Question:
The hydration energy of Mg2+ is larger than that of

1.A13+

2. Na+

3.Be26

4.Mg3+


Question:
The number of moles of KMnO4 reduced by one mole of KI in alkaline medium is

1.One

2.Two

3.Five

4.One fifth.


Question:
The oxidation number of Cl in Cl2O7 is

1. + 7

2.+ 5

3.+ 3

4.– 7


Question:
The oxidation number of Mn is maximum in

1.MnO2

2.K2MnO4

3.Mn3O4

4.KMnO4


Question:
The oxidation number of Xe in BaXeO6 is

1.8

2.6

3.4

4.10


Question:
The oxidation process involves

1.Increase in oxidation number

2.Decrease in oxidation number

3.No change in oxidation number

4.None of the above


Question:
The oxidation state of Cr in Cr (CO)6 is

1.0

2.2

3.4

4.6


Question:
The pH of a 10-10 M NaOH solution is nearest to

1.10

2.7

3.4

4.-10


Question:
The solubility of Ca3​(PO4​​)2​ in water is y mol/L. Its solubility product is:

1.6y²

2. 36 y4

3.64 y5

4.108 y5


Question:
The species which by definition has ZERO standard molar enthalpy of formation at 298 K is

1.Br2(g)

2.Cl2(g)

3.H2O(g)

4.CH4(g)


Question:
The substance not likely to contain CaCO3 is

1.Dolomite

2.A marble statue

3.Calcined gypsum

4.Sea shells


Question:
The temperature of the system decreases in an ______.

1.Adiabatic Compression

2.Isothermal Expansion

3.Isothermal Compression

4.Adiabatic Expansion


Question:
The tendency of an electrode to lose electrons is known as

1.Electrode Potential

2.Reduction Potential

3.Oxidation Potential

4.E.M.F.


Question:
The volume of 10 volume H2O2 required to liberate 500 ml of O2 at S.T.P. is :

1. 25 ml

2.50 ml

3.100 ml

4.125 ml


Question:
The volume strength of 1.5 NH2O2 solution is :

1. 4.8

2.5.2

3.8.8

4.8.4


Question:
The wire of flash bulb is made up of:

1.Mg

2.Ag

3.Cu

4.Ba


Question:
Third law of thermodynamics provides a method to evaluate which property?

1.Absolute Energy

2.Absolute Enthalpy

3.Absolute Entropy

4.Absolute Free Energy


Question:
Water gas is mixture of hydrogen H2 and

1.CO

2.CO2

3.Cl2

4.SO2


Question:
Water shows anomalous behavior between

1.0 to 4°C

2.0 to 5°C

3. 0 to -4°C

4.4 to 0°C


Question:
What are Oxo-Acids?

1.Acid containing Oxygen

2.Acid containing Sulphur

3.Acid containing Carbon

4.None of the above


Question:
What is gram equivalent weight of hydrogen peroxide as reductant?

1.100

2.125

3.152

4.None of the above


Question:
What is known as Autooxidation?

1.ormation of H2O by the oxidation of H2O2.

2.Formation of H2O2 by the oxidation of H2O

3.Both (1) and (2) are true

4.None of the above


Question:
What is n-factor?

1.Equal to product of Number of moles of electrons when Lost or gained by one mole of reductant or oxidant

2.When Number of moles of electrons Lost or gained by one mole of reductant or oxidant is not same.

3.Equal to Number of moles of electrons Lost or gained by one mole of reductant or oxidant

4.None of the above


Question:
What is the pH of a 0.10 M solution of barium hydroxide, Ba (OH)2?

1.11.31

2. 11.7

3.13.30

4.None of these


Question:
What is the product of the reaction of H2O2 with Cl2?

1.O2 + HOCl

2.HCl + O2

3.H2O + HCl

4.HCl + H2


Question:
When a neutral atom undergoes oxidation, the atoms oxidation state

1.Decreases as it gains electrons

2.Decreases as it loses electrons

3.Increases as it gains electrons

4.Increases as it loses electrons


Question:
When equal volumes of 0.1 M NaOH and 0.01 M HCl are mixed, the hydroxide ion concentration is

1.7.0

2. 1.04

3.12.65

4.2.0


Question:
Which of the following alkali metals has the least melting point?

1.Na

2.K

3.Rb

4.Cs


Question:
Which of the following hydrides are generally nonstochiometric in nature?

1.Ionic Hydrides

2.Molecular Hydrides

3.Interstitial Hydrides

4.All of the Above.


Question:
Which of the following is true for the reaction? H2O (l) ↔ H2O (g) at 100° C and 1 atm pressure

1.∆S = 0

2.∆H = T ∆S

3.∆H = ∆U

4.∆H = 0


Question:
Which of the following mixtures in aqueous solution of equimolar concentration acts as a buffer solution?

1.HNO3 and NaOH

2.H2SO4 and KOH

3. NH4OH(excess) + HCl

4.CH3COOH and NaOH(excess)


Question:
Which of the following oxides is not expected to react with sodium hydroxide?

1.CaO

2. SiO2

3.BeO

4.B2O3


Question:
Which of the following processes does not involve either oxidation or reduction?

1.Formation of slaked lime from quick lime

2.Heating Mercuric Oxide

3.Formation of Manganese Chloride from Manganese oxide

4.Formation of Zinc from Zinc blende


Question:
Which of the following processes does not involve oxidation of iron?

1.Formation of Fe(CO)5 from Fe.

2.Liberation of H2 from steam by iron at high temperature.

3.Rusting of iron sheets.

4.Decolourisation of blue CuSO4 solution by iron.


Question:
Which of the following reactions does not involve either oxidation or reduction?

1.VO2+ → V2O3

2.Na → Na+

3.CrO2-4 → Cr2O2-7

4.Zn2+ →Zn


Question:
Which of the following salts will have maximum cooling effect when 0.5 mole of the salt is dissolved in same amount of water. Integral heat of solution at 298 K is given for each salt?

1.KNO3 (∆H = 35.4 kJ mol-1)

2.NaCl (∆H = 5.35 kJ mol-1)

3. HBr (∆H = -83.3 kJ mol-1)

4.KOH ( ∆H = -55.6 kJ mol-1)


Question:
Which of the following statements regarding hydrogen peroxide is/ are incorrect?

1.As aerating agent in production of sponge rubber

2.As an antichlor

3.For restoring white colour of blackened lead painting

4.All of the above


Question:
Which thermodynamic function accounts automatically for enthalpy and entropy both?

1.Helmholtz Free Energy (A)

2.Internal Energy (E)

3.Work Function

4.Gibbs Free Energy


Question:
_________________ on water decolourises H2O2

1.O3

2.Acidic KMnO4 solution

3.Black Suspension of Lead Sulphide(PbS)

4.None of these


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