Geography/General Knowledge(GK)-MCQS World Geography Section 3 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 
The part of continental margin that is structurally a part of continent?

1.Continental shelf

2.Continental Slope

3.both (a) and (b)

4.None of the above


Question:
 
The process of soil development is called

1.leaching

2.illuviation

3.eluviations

4.pedogenesis


Question:
 
The process where the particle moves from the surface to the medium in quick, continuous, repeated cycles is called

1.saltation

2.suspension

3.traction

4.solution


Question:
 
The Pyrenees mountains are located on the border between ____ and ____

1.Romania, Bulgaria

2. Norway, Sweden

3.Hungary, Romania

4.France, Spain


Question:
 
The rainfall in the peninsular interior averages about

1. 650 mm a year

2.750 mm a year

3.850 mm a year

4.550 mm a year


Question:
 
Which of the following is concerned with the description and mapping of the main features of the universe?

1.Cosmography

2.Cosmology

3.Geomorphology

4. None of these


Question:
  
The original founders of Common wealth of Independent States, in December 1991, are

1.Tadjikistan, Khirghizia and Turkemenistan

2.Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan

3.Russia, Ukraine and Byelorus

4.Moldavia, Khazakhastan and Uzbekistan


Question:
  
The Palaeozoic era starts at ____ million years ago and ends at ____ million years ago.

1. 500, 100

2.570, 225

3.470, 150

4. 470, 225


Question:
  
The phenomenon of an opening occurring in the earth's surface through which a jet of hot water and steam is forces out at irregular intervals is called

1.crater

2.geyser

3.hot spring

4.volcano


Question:
  
The platform and the basement rock together form

1.craton

2.shield

3.both (a) and (b)

4.None of the above


Question:
  
The process that creates the deep oceanic trenches is called

1.plate tectonics

2.sea floor spreading

3.continental drift

4.isostasy


Question:
  
The process that involves the eroded material being dissolved and carried along in water as individual ions is called

1.solution

2.suspension

3.saltation

4.traction


Question:
  
The ridges of the waves are where the jet stream of waves closes to the 

1.poles

2.equator

3. prime meridian

4.None of the above


Question:
he Palaeozoic era contains ____ time periods.

1.six

2.four

3.five

4.seven


Question:
he progressive wave theory regarding of tides was put forth by

1.R.A. Harris

2.Issac Newton

3.William Whewell

4. G.B. Airy


Question:
The pedogenic process associated with poor drainage and which involves the accumulation of organic matter in the upper layers of the soil is called

1.salinisation

2.gleisation

3.calcification

4.podsolisation


Question:
The northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere are separated by

1.the International Date line

2. the plane of the equator

3.the plane of Tropic of Cancer

4.the plane of Tropic of Capricorn


Question:
The number of a topographic map is 47A/16/NW. Its scale must be

1.1 : 250,000

2.1 : 100,000

3.1 : 50,000

4.1 : 25,000


Question:
The obscuring of one celestial body by another, particularly that of the sun or a planetary satellite

1.elliptic

2.ecliptic

3.eclipse

4.None of the above


Question:
The ocean water is saline due to

1.evaporation of its surface

2.volume of fresh water added by rainfall

3.salts are already present in sea water

4.both (a) and (b)


Question:
The oldest rocks found in ocean basins are ____ than the oldest continental rocks.

1.older

2.younger

3.larger

4.smaller


Question:
The original landmass, pangola split into

1.Laurissa in the north and Godwanaland in the south

2.Laurissa in the south and Godwanaland in the north

3. Laurissa in the east and Godwanaland in the west

4.Laurissa in the west and Godwanaland in the east


Question:
The ozone layer at high altitude contains

1. atomic oxygen (O) and ordinary oxygen (O2)

2.only ozone (O3)

3.mixture of atomic oxygen (O), ordinary oxygen (O2) and Ozone (O3)

4.only ordinary oxygen (O2)


Question:
The panama canal links

1.Canada with Greenland

2.North America with South America

3.Siberia with Greenland

4.None of the above


Question:
The part of the earth and thin layer of air above its surface, which support life on earth, are referred to as

1.stratosphere

2.ionosphere

3.biosphere

4.mesosphere


Question:
The Penumbra is

1. the outer portion of the moon's shadow

2.formed by the tangent that intersects between the sun and the moon

3. both (a) and (b)

4.None of the above


Question:
The percentage of sun's radiation reflected back into space is about

1.36 percent

2.47 percent

3.17 percent

4. None of the above


Question:
The percentage of the incident radiation reflected back to space is called

1.planet's albedo

2. earth's albedo

3. both are similar terms

4.None of the above


Question:
The period of daylight

1. is nearly constant near the equator

2.varies with latitude and the season

3.reaches a maximum of 24 hour in the polar zones in summer

4.All of the above


Question:
The periodic rise and fall of the sea level on the earth, gives rise to tides. This is related to

1.the position of the moon with reference to the earth and the gravitational pull exerted mainly by the moon and partly by the sun

2. infrared rays from the sun

3.ultraviolet rays from the sun

4.None of the above


Question:
The periods of different eras are further divided into

1.eons

2.epochs

3.stages

4. Any of the above


Question:
The phenomenon associated with collision and subduction of the planet is 

1.volcanoes

2. island arcs

3.earthquakes

4.All of the above


Question:
The phosphate are a group of minerals of one or more metallic elements chemically associated with the phosphate compound ____

1.oxides

2.silicates

3.carbonates

4.phosphates


Question:
The place where material is excavated when the zone of maximum stream velocity approaches the stream's bed is called

1.scoured pools

2.riffles

3.ox-bow lakes

4.flood plain


Question:
The planet that takes the highest time for completing a rotation is

1.Mercury

2.Venus

3.Earth

4.Pluto


Question:
The planets called the inner planets, are

1.Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

2. Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus

3.Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

4.Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars


Question:
The planets that are called superior planets are

1.Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Jupiter

2.Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto

3.Mercury, Pluto, Venus, Neptune and Earth

4.Earth, Uranus, Mars, Saturn and Jupiter


Question:
The planets with no natural satellites (reported so far) are

1.Mercury and Venus

2.Earth and Pluto

3.Mars and Neptune

4.Jupiter and Saturn


Question:
The plants grown in equatorial regions include

1.wheat, barley, maize

2.evergreen dense forests, rubber trees, groundnuts

3.groundnuts, soyabeens, potatoes

4.evergreen coniferous forests, oats, cocoa


Question:
The plants of which of the following crops are highly sensitive to frost?

1.Barely

2.Cotton

3.Maize

4.None of the above


Question:
The platform and the basement rock together form

The process that explains the recent changes in the height of sea level in coastal areas of eastern and northern Canada and Scandinavi is

1.isostasy

2.continental drift

3.plate tectonics

4. None of the above


Question:
The Plio-Pleistocene boundary lies about ____ years ago, at the beginning of the interval of warming after the last Pleistocene glaciations.

1.1,00,000

2.1,000

3.10,000

4.100


Question:
The points in the ecliptic farthest north and south of the celestial equator are called

1.summer and winter solstices

2.autumnal and vernal equinox

3.north celestial pole and south celestial pole

4.None of the above


Question:
The polar diameter is ____ to the equatorial diameter.

1.more

2.equal

3.less

4.they cannot be compared


Question:
The polar Easterlies lie at

1.0-30? latitude

2.30-60? latitude

3.60-90? latitude

4.90? Latitude


Question:
The polar regions of earth cannot support forest growth because

1.the growing season is short in these areas

2.the ground is often frozen or snow or ice covered

3.the rainfall is very low

4.All of these factors.


Question:
The process of capture of precipitation by the plant canopy and its subsequent return to the atmosphere is called

1. sublimation

2. stem flow

3. interception

4.through fall


Question:
The process of destruction or dying of fronts is called

1.fromtogenesis

2.frontolysis

3.both (a) and (b)

4. None of the above


Question:
The process of evaporation of water in nature is one of the basic components of the hydrological cycle. The other process that is considered to be essential for the completion of hydrological cycle is the

1.flow tide and ebb tide in a river

2.movement of water vapour in the atmosphere

3.flow of water in the sea

4.movement of water in the water table


Question:
The process of particle detach ment by moving glacial ice is called

1.plucking

2.abrasion

3.scouring

4. None of the above


Question:
The process of weathering results into

1.the complete loss of particular atoms or the compounds from the weathered surface

2.the addition of specific atoms or compounds to the weathered surface

3.a breakdown of one mass in to two or more masses, with no chemical change in the mineral or rock

4.All of the above


Question:
The process that creates a sub layer, which is white to gray in colour and composes of silica sand in the A horizon is called

1.podsolosation

2.calcification

3.laterisation

4.gleisation


Question:
The process that directs precipitation down plant branches and stems is called

1.stem flow

2.through flow

3.interception

4.canopy drip


Question:
The process that may cause physical weathering or mechanical rupture are

1.abrasion, crystallization, pressure release

2.abrasion, oxidation, hydrolysis

3.crystallization, carbonation, thermal insolation

4.None of the above


Question:
The products of ____ are a major source of sediments for erosion and ____ 

1.weathering, deposition

2.deposition, weathering

3.rocks, weathering

4.rocks, deposition


Question:
The propagation of radio signals is greatly influence by

1.troposphere

2.ionosphere

3.exosphere

4.thermosphere


Question:
The pyramidal peaks that form when several cirques chisel a mountain form three more sides are called

1.horns

2.cirques

3.aretes

4. medial moraines


Question:
The R-horizon of soil horizon consists of

1. unweathered bedrock

2. weathered parent material

3.plant litter at various levels of decomposition

4.None of the above


Question:
The radiation belts are zones in space around the

1.Earth

2.Jupiter and Saturn

3.Mercury

4.Earth, Jupiter and Saturn


Question:
The rate at change of temperature is called

1.temperature difference

2. temperature gradient

3.isotherm

4.None of the above


Question:
The rate of infiltration normally declines rapidly during the early part of rainstorm event and reaches a constant value after several hours of rainfall. The factors responsible for this phenomenon are

the filling of fine soil pores with water, which reduces capillary forces
moistened soil, clay particles to swell and reduce the size of pores
raindrop impact breaking up with soil clumps, splashing fine particles into pores

1.I, II

2.I, III

3.II,III

4.All of the above


Question:
The ratio of land to ocean in the southern hemisphere is

1.1 to 1.5

2.1 to 1

3.1 to 4

4.1 to 10


Question:
The ratio of the weight of water vapour to the total weight of air (including the water vapor) is called

1. specific humidity

2.mixing ratio

3.relative humidity

4.absolute humidity


Question:
The reaction between compounds and oxygen is called

1.oxidation

2.hydrolysis

3.carbonation

4.solution


Question:
The reaction is carbonate and bicarbonate ions with mineral is called

1.hydrolysis

2.carbonation

3.oxidation

4.solution


Question:
The region of three W's that is wheat, wool and wine is

1. mediterranean climatic regions

2.china type climatic regions

3. steppe type climatic regions

4.equatorial regions


Question:
The region that has a typical dispersed rural settlement pattern is the

1.Kerala coastal plain

2.western Ganga plain

3.eastern Rajasthan

4.Telengana plateau


Question:
The relative abundance of dissolved salts in seawater in descending order is as follows

1. chlorine, sodium, sulphate, magnesium, calcium, potassium

2.sodium, chlorine, magnesium, potassium, sulphate, calcium

3.chlorine, magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, sulphate

4.chlorine, sodium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, sulphate


Question:
The religion of Afghanistan is

1.Islam

2.Buddhism

3.Hinduism

4.Christianity


Question:
The Rhine river of northern Europe empties into

1.the Baltic sea

2.the North sea

3.the Bay of Biscay

4.the Adriatic sea


Question:
The right ascension is the equivalent of longitude on the celestial sphere, and it is given in the units of

1.degrees

2. time-hours, minutes and seconds

3. only hours

4.only seconds


Question:
The river situated along the border between the USA and Mexico is

1.the Rio Grande

2.the Amazon

3.the Mississippi

4.the Colorado


Question:
The river Sutlej, on which the Bhakra Dam has been built, originates from

1.a spring in Vering

2.near Bara Lacha Pass in Lahul

3.Rakas lake in Tibet

4.Mansarovar lake


Question:
The rock formations that cannot store groundwater are called

1.aquifers

2.aquicludes

3.perched aquifer

4.spring


Question:
TThe river Jordan drains into the

1.Dead Sea

2.Adriatic Garden

3.Gulf of Suez

4.Resaca Garden


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