Political Science-[FPSC-U.S A. CSS]/(USA) Political Science Liberalism Set-2 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
  In the broader sense  liberalism  can be equated with: 

1.Democracy

2.Capitalism

3.Socialism

4.Totalitarianism


Question:
  In the economic sphere the liberal thinkers stood for: 

1.System of monopolies

2.Laissez faire

3. State regulation

4.Large scale production


Question:
  Individualism is also known as: 

1.Idealism

2.Syndicalism

3.Laissez Faire

4.Collectivism


Question:
  Individualism was justified on scientific grounds by: 

1.Darwin Spencer

2.Herbert Spencer

3.Rousseau

4.Marx


Question:
  Liberalism as a philosophy is based on the principle of: 

1.Expediency

2.Reason

3.Blind faith

4. Moral upliftment


Question:
  Modern individualists are for: 

1.Concentration of ail powers in the hands of the state

2.Abolition of state

3.Decentralization of authority

4.Increasing powers of state


Question:
  Modern liberalism differs from classical liberalism in so far as: 

1. It does not support individual liberty

2. It is against democratic institutions

3.It pleads for free enterprise

4. It stands for a world free from all forms of tyranny and exploitation


Question:
  The idealist revision of liberalism was effected by 

1.Bernard Bosanquet

2.Hegel

3.Laski

4.Adam Smith


Question:
  The Liberal philosophy found its best exposition in: 

1.The American Declaration of Independence 1776

2.The French Declaration of the Rights of Man 1789

3.The Indian Independence Act 1947

4.Both (a) and (b)


Question:
  The liberal thinkers held that: 

1.Each law promotes individual liberty

2.Each law restricts individual liberty

3.There is no relationship between law and liberty

4.Law is essential for moral development of man


Question:
  The modern individualism  which arose as a reaction against extreme Collectivism  differs from nineteenth century individualism in so far as: 

1.It focuses attention on group rather than the individual

2. It pleads for abolishing the state

3.It pleads for maximum functions for the state

4.It pleads for absolute freedom for individual


Question:
  The modern Liberals are: 

1.Opposed to nationalization of industries

2. In favour of nationalization of large scale industries only

3.In favour of nationalization of all industries

4.In favour of promoting small scale and cottage industries


Question:
  The term  Liberalism  originated from that world  Tiber  taken from: 

1.Greek language

2. French language

3.Latin language

4. Spanish language


Question:
 In the economic sphere the individualists were in favour of: 

1.Ending all free competition

2.Ecouraging free competition

3.State control over production and distribution

4.Dictatorship of proletariat


Question:
 In the present century the evils of the theory of laissez-faire were sought to be checked through: 

1.State intervention

2.Capitalist intervention

3.Socialist intervention

4.None of the above


Question:
 One of the greatest contributions of Green to the liberal theory was: 

1.Insistence on absence of all restraints on the individual liberty

2. Strong opposition to the right of private property

3.Insistence on collective well being as a precondition of individual freedom and responsibility

4.Concentration on the individual good alone


Question:
 The classical liberals stood for: 

1. Ending all hereditary advantages

2.Permitting the hereditary advantage unhindered

3.Curtailing the hereditary advantages

4.None of the above


Question:
 The individualists favoured leaving the individual completely free because: 

1.He is nor social

2.He is celfish

3.He is quarrelsome

4.So that he may learn to do things for himself


Question:
 The objective of the individualists to establish: 

1.A classless society

2.An equitable society

3.A stateless society

4.A free society


Question:
 The present day liberals  who are known as Positivist Liberals are in favour of: 

1.Pushing the state out of economic field

2.Doing away the state s interference in the economic sphere

3.State regulation of the economic conditions in the interests of workers

4.State regulation to protect the interests of the capitalists


Question:
 The social and political justification for individualism was given by: 

1.Herbert Spencer

2.Bentham

3. J.S. Mill

4.MacIver


Question:
 Which one of the following Liberal thinkers advocated the principle of  greatest good of the greatest number ? 

1. J.S. Mill

2.Bentham

3.Laski

4.Green


Question:
 Who of the following is the most important exponent of modern individualism? 

1.J.S. Mill

2.Herbert Spencer

3.Adam Smith

4.Graham Wallas


Question:
According to the individualists state is: 

1.A necessary evil

2.A welfare agency

3.Au instrument of exploitation

4.An unnecessary evil


Question:
According to the individualists: 

1.The state was the best judge of man s interests

2. The Parliament was the best judge of individual s interests

3.The individual himself was the best judge of his interests

4.The King was the best judge of people s interests


Question:
According to the liberal theory private property is mainly: 

1. Inherited from forefathers

2.Given by nature

3.The result of one s labour

4.The result of exploitation


Question:
According to the Liberals the state should promote the welfare of: 

1.Ruling classes

2.The upper classes

3.The bourgeoisie classes

4.All the sections of society


Question:
According to the twentieth century liberal thinkers like Laski and MacIver: 

1.The state performs only negative functions

2.The state performs only positive functions

3.The state performs both negative as well as positive functions

4.The state is an instrument of exploitation


Question:
Individualism  which was one of the theories of liberalism pleaded for: 

1.Maximum state control

2.Maximum freedom for individual

3.Press censorship

4.Development of moral life


Question:
Individualism is also known as:  

1.Idealism

2.Collectivism

3.Syndicalism

4.Laissez faire


Question:
Liberalism  is the anti-thesis of: 

1.Aristocracy

2.Democracy

3.Capitalism

4.All the above


Question:
Liberalism assumed a new shape in modern times under the impact of: 

1.Church

2.Mandan Socialism

3.Scientific inventions

4.Modern means of communications


Question:
Liberalism found its most detailed and lucid expression in the writings of: 

1.Hobbes

2.Locke

3.Rousseau

4.None of the above


Question:
Liberalism stands for: 

1.Social liberty

2.Political liberty

3.Economic liberty

4.All the above


Question:
The classical liberals believed that: 

1.Strong nations had a right to dominate the weak nations

2.No nation had the right to exploit the otherThe rich nations must help the poor nations to eliminate international tension

3.Poor nations must join hands to protect themselves against the rich nations

4.None of the above


Question:
The classical liberals pleaded for economic liberty for: A.  B.  C.  D.

1.The poor

2.The rich

3.The middle classes

4. All the classes


Question:
The classical liberals stood for: A.B.  C.D. 

1. Equal rights for all

2.Special rights for educated persons

3. Special rights for propertied classes

4.Special rights for women


Question:
The credit for converting Liberalism into Positivist Liberalism In the nineteenth century goes to: 

1.Bentham

2.Herbert Spencer

3.T.H. Green

4.Adam Smith


Question:
The credit for introducing far reaching changes in the Liberal philosophy goes to:  

1.T.H. Green

2. J.S. Mill

3.Marx

4.Laski


Question:
The economic justification individualism was offered by: 

1.Adam Smith

2. Herbert Spencer

3.Marx

4.J.S. Mill


Question:
The individualists favoured free competition in the economic sphere because: 

1.It stimulates production

2.It protects the interests of weaker sections

3. It promotes art and good living

4. It makes the state powerful


Question:
The liberal theory regards the state: 

1.As an end in itself

2.As a means to an end

3.As an instrument of exploitation

4.As an instrument for levelling of inequalities


Question:
The liberal thinkers of the nineteenth century considered state as: 

1.A welfare agency

2.A necessary evil

3.A preserver of liberty

4. An instrument of exploitation


Question:
The Liberalism which flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries is also known as: 

1.Early Liberalism

2.Primitive Liberalism

3.Classical Liberalism

4.All the above three


Question:
The modern individualism arose as a reaction against: 

1.Extreme collectivism

2.Fascism

3.Misuse of individual

4.freedom


Question:
The modern individualists consider the state as: 

1.Omnipotent

2.Indispensable

3.One of many groups

4.Superfluous


Question:
The modern individualists consider the state as: 

1.Omnipotent

2.Indispensable

3.One of many groups

4.Superfluous


Question:
The modern liberals seek to protect the interests of: 

1.Working classes

2.Capitalists

3.Landed aristocracy

4.All the above classes


Question:
The principle of  greatest good of the greatest number  was advocated by: 

1.Idealists

2.Individualists

3.Utilitarianism

4.Marxists


Question:
The principle of  survival of the fittest  was advocated by: 

1.Darwin

2.Herbert Spencer

3.Adam Smith

4.J.S. Mill


Question:
The Wealth of Nations which is a classic treatise on the theory of non-intervention in economic sphere was written by: . 

1.Adam Smith

2.Cairnes

3.Ricardo

4.Malthus


Question:
Utilitarianism  which is another theory of liberalism  is associated with the name of: 

1.Hegel

2.Bentham

3.Locke

4.Green


Question:
Which one of the following criticisms against Liberalism has been wrongly listed? 

1.Liberalism paves the way for anarchy by limiting the claims of authority

2.Liberalism lea-Ls to negation of individual liberty by concentration too much of power in the state

3.Liberalism does not provide any viable solution to the problems of the third world

4.Liberalism abandons freedom and rational discussion if poses a threat to the capitalist system


Question:
Which one of the following expounded the philosophy of  positive liberalism ? 

1.Harold J.Laski

2.J.M. Robertson

3.J.A. Hobson

4.All the above


Question:
Which one of the following has been wrongly listed as a feature of positive liberalism? 

1.It stands for freedom through the state

2.It looks upon the state as an instrument for the development of human personality

3.It holds that the state is capable of performing social welfare functions

4.None of the above


Question:
Who defined liberalism as  The theory and practice of individual liberty  judicial defence and constitutional state ? 

1.J.S. Mill

2.Laski

3.Sartori

4.MacIver


Question:
Who defined Liberalism as  the theory and practice of individual liberty  judicial defence and the constitutional state ? 

1.Hacker

2.Laski

3.Sartori

4. T.H.Green


Question:
Who of the following is regarded as the father of liberal political philosophy? 

1.John Locke

2.Hobbes

3.Laski

4.None of the above


Question:
Who of the following philosophers is considered the exponent of modern individualism? 

1.Graham Wallas

2.Laski

3.Leacock

4.Hobbes


Question:
Who said  Liberalism is a passion for liberty ? 

1.Bentham

2.J.S. Mill

3.Barker

4.Laski


Question:
Who said Liberalism is the expression less of trend them of a temperament. It implies a passion for liberty  and that the passion may be compelling. It requires a power to be tolerant  even sceptical about opinions and tendencies you hold to be dangerous  which is one of the rarest human qualities. 

1.Lord Bryce

2.Thomas Paine

3.Horold Laski

4.Marx Webber


Question:
Who said:  Over himself  over his own body and mind  the individual is sovereign ? 

1.Bentham

2.J.S. Mill

3.T.H. Green

4.H.J. Laski


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