Biology/Ecology-I Sample Test,Sample questions

Question: Actively moving organism in aquatic ecosystem

1.Phytoplankton

2.Benthos

3.Nekton

4.Zoo plankton


Question: Afforestation should be with .

1. Exotic species

2. Indigenous species

3.Bamboos

4. Eucalyptus


Question: An organisms contains carbon molecules which have passed through three levels of ecosystem, the organisms is

1.Priamry consumer

2.Predator

3.Tertiary consumer

4.Producer


Question: Antimalarial drug quinine is got from

1.Root of Cycas

2.Bark of Cinchona

3.Stem of Mango

4.None


Question: Biomass produced by plants in oceans accounts for

1.85%

2.75%

3.65%

4.55%


Question: Common indicator organism of water pollution is:

1.Entamoeba histolytica

2.Escherichia coli

3.Eichhornia crassipes

4.Lemna paucicostata


Question: dB is a standard abbreviation used for the quantitative expression of

1.The density of bacteria in a medium

2.The dominant Bacillus in a culture

3.A certain pesticide

4.A particular pollutant


Question: Deserts, grasslands, forests and tundra are the examples of

1.Biomes

2.Biogeographical regions

3.Ecosystems

4.Biospheres


Question: Dominant plants of cold desert are

1.Tall trees and herbaceous plants

2.Low stature shrubs and herbaceous plants

3.Shrubs and small trees

4.Low stature shrubs and perennial grasses


Question: Each successive trophic level has

1.Less total energy

2.More total energy

3.Increased total energy

4.Non- estimated energy contents


Question: Ecological efficiency is

1.Food primary assimilated/food energy ingested 100

2.Gross primary productivity/ incident total solar radiation 100

3.Volume of CO2 evolved/volume of O2 consumed

4.Energy in biomass production at a trophic level/energy in biomass productio


Question: energy flow in ecosystem is...

1.bidirectional

2.multidirectional

3.unidirectional

4.all around


Question: Energy transfer from organisms to organism in a natural community develops

1.Biological control

2.Food chain

3.Natural barriers

4.Food web


Question: Forest which is never leafless

1.Tropical deciduous forest

2.Tropical forest

3.Temperate deciduous forest

4.Temperate forest


Question: identify the correct type of food chain: dead animal=blow fly maggots= common frog= snake

1.decomposer food chain

2.detrital food chain

3.grazing food chain

4.predator food chain


Question: identify the correct type of food chain: dead animal=blow fly maggots= common frog= snake

1.decomposer food chain

2.detrital food chain

3.grazing food chain

4.predator food chain


Question: Identify the correctly matched pair

1.Basal Convention - Biodiversity Conservation

2.Montreal Protocol - Global warming

3.Kyoto protocol - Climatic change

4.Ramsar Convention - Ground water pollution


Question: If all the plants are to die, all the animals will also die due to deficiency of

1.Food

2.Carbon dioxide

3.Timber

4.Oxygen


Question: In a lake, phytoplankton grow in abundance in

1.Littoral zone

2.Limnetic zone

3.Profundal zone

4.Benthic region


Question: In an area where DDT had been used extensively, the population of birds declined significantly because

1.Cobras were feeding exclusively on birds

2.Many of the birds eggs laid, did not hatch

3.Birds stopped laying eggs

4.Earthworms in the area got eradicated


Question: In grassland ecosystem, the number of primary producers is about 6 million. The number of top carnivore supported by it would be

1.60

2.30

3.6

4.3


Question: In nitrification ammonia is first oxidized to nitrite by

1.Nitrosomonas and nitrosococcus

2.Nitrosomonas and nitrobacter

3.Pseudomonas and nitrosococus

4.Pseudomonas and thiobacillus


Question: Industrial melanism is an example of

1.Protective resemblance with the surrounding

2.Drug resistance

3.Defensive adaptation of skin against UV radiations

4.Darkening of skin due to industries


Question: It is not a protected forest

1.Reserve forest

2.Sanctuary

3.Core of biosphere

4.Orchard


Question: Land mass occupied by forest is about

1.11%

2.22%

3.30%

4.60%


Question: Lichens can be used as :

1.Source of wood

2.Initial vegetation for waste lands

3.Bio-indicator for water and air pollution

4.To check the air pollution


Question: Littoral zone is located along the

1.High mountains

2.Sea

3.River

4.Desert


Question: Maximum human population can be supported if all the humans are

1.Carnivores

2.Pure vegetarian

3.Vegetarian along with use of milk

4.Vegetarian alongwith use of milk and eggs


Question: Niche is defined as the

1.Position of species in a community in relation to other species

2.Place where organism lives

3.Place where organism lives and performs its duty

4.Place where population perform their duties


Question: Phytoplankton are dominant in

1.Benthic zone

2.Littoral zone

3.Profundal zone

4.Limnetic zone


Question: Plant species having a wide range of genetical distribution evolve into a local population known as

1.Biome

2.Ecotype

3.Population

4.Ecosystem


Question: Renewable exhaustible natural resource of energy is

1.Biomass/Forest

2.Petroleum

3.Coal

4.Kerosene


Question: Shell of egg in bird becomes thin (not properly formed) due to the pollution of pesticides. This is due to interference in the activity of :

1.Calmodulin

2.Mg ATPase

3.Ca ATPase

4.None of these


Question: Sunderbans contain mainly

1.Alpine trees

2.Mangrove plants

3. Grass

4.Fir forest


Question: The correct sequence of plants in a hydrosere is

1.Oak → Lantana → Volvox → Hydrilla → Pistia →

2.Oak → Lantana → Scirpus → Pistia → Hydrilla →

3.Volvox → Hydrilla → Pistia → Scirpus → Lantana U

4.Pistia → Volvox → Scirpus → Hydrilla → Oak →


Question: The rate of formation of new organic matter by rabbit in a grassland, is called

1.Net productivity

2.Secondary productivity

3.Net primary productivity

4.Gross primary productivity


Question: These belong to the category of primary consumers

1.snakes and frog

2.insects and cattle

3.eagle and snakes

4.water insects


Question: Which can be tropic level of a lion in from ecosystem?

1.T3

2.T2

3.T4

4.T1


Question: which is the reason for highest biomaas in aquatic ecosystem?

1.benthonic and brown algae

2.sea grass, and slime molds

3.nanoplankton, blue green algae, green algae

4.diatoms


Question: which of the following is an example of man made ecosystem?

1.tissue culture

2.aquarium

3.herbarium

4.forest


Question: Which of the following is expected to have the highest value (gm/m2/yr) in a grassland ecosystem?

1.Tertiary production

2.Gross production (GP)

3.Net production (NP)

4.Secondary production


Question: Which of the following is primary consumer?

1.Producer

2.Carnivore

3.Top carnivore

4.Herbivore


Question: Which one of the following correctly represents an organism and its ecological niche?

1.Vallisneria and pond

2.Desert locust (Schistocerca) and desert.

3.Vultures and dense forest

4.Plant lice (aphids) and leaf


Question: Which one of the following is a wrong statement?

1.Greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon

2.Eutrophication is a natural phenomenon in freshwater bodies

3.Most of the forests have been lost in tropical areas

4.Ozone in upper part of atmosphere is harmful to animals


Question: Which one of the following is commonly found in temperate coniferous forest?

1.Quercus

2.Dipterocarpus

3.Shorea robusta

4.Pinus wallichiana


Question: which one of the following is correct matching of a plant, its habit and the forest type where it normally occurs?

1.prosopis,tree,scrub

2.saccharum,grass,forest

3.shorea robusta, herb, tropical rain forest

4.none of these


Question: which one of the following is one of the characteristic of a biological community?

1.sex-ratio

2.stratification

3.natality

4.mortality


Question: which one of the following pairs in mismatched?

1.tundra-permafrost

2.coniferous forest- evergreen trees

3.savanna - acacia trees

4.prairie - epiphytes


Question: Which one of the following types organisms occupy more than one trophic level in a ecosystem

1.Phytoplankton

2.Frog

3.Zooplankton

4.Fish


Question: Wildlife is destroyed most when

1.There is lack of proper care

2.Mass scale hunting for foreign trade

3.Its natural habitat is destroyed

4.Natural calamity