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1.1 HTML Basic
Introduction Of HTML:
HTML stand for Hyper Text Markup Language :
Hyper is the opposite of linear. It used to be that computer programs had to
move in a linear fashion. This before this, this before this, and so on.
HTML does not hold to that pattern and allows the person viewing the World Wide
Web page to go anywhere, any time they want.
Text is what you will use. English letters, just like you use everyday..
Markup is what you will do. You will write in plain English and then mark up
what you wrote.
Language. Some may argue that technically html is a code, but you write html in
plain, everyday English language.
HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. Developed by scientist Tim
Berners-Lee in 1990, HTML is the "hidden" code that helps us communicate with
others on the World Wide Web (WWW).
When writing HTML, you add "tags" to the text in order to create the structure.
These tags tell the browser how to display the text or graphics in the document.
As It is explained in the Venn diagram XHTML is a subset of HTML and XML.
XHTML combines the flexibility of HTML with the extensibility of XML.
HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags
* HTML tags are keywords surrounded by angle brackets like <html>
* HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
* The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag.
* Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags.
Some important tags :
Structure Of HTML:
History Of Html:
HTML â€”which is short for Hypertext Markup Languageâ€” is the official language
of the World Wide Web and was first conceived in 1990. HTML is a product of SGML
(Standard Generalized Markup Language) which is a complex, technical
specification describing markup languages, especially those used in electronic
document exchange, document management, and document publishing. HTML was
originally created to allow those who were not specialized in SGML to publish
and exchange scientific and other technical documents. HTML especially
facilitated this exchange by incorporating the ability to link documents
electronically using hyperlinks. Thus the name Hypertext Markup Language.
Why Learn HTML?
It is possible to create WebPages without knowing anything about the HTML
source behind the page.
You can use tags the editor does not support.
You can read the code of other people's pages, and "borrow" the cool effects.
You can do the work yourself, when the editor simply refuses to create the
effects you want.
Advantage Of HTML:
1. First advantage it is widely used.
2. Every browser supports HTML language.
3. Easy to learn and use.
4. It is by default in every windows so you don't need to purchase extra
5.Very similar to XML syntax, which is increasingly used for data storage.
6.Easy to learn & code even for New programmers
Disadvantages of HTML:
1. It can create only static and plain pages so if we need dynamic pages then
is not useful.
2. Need to write lot of code for making simple webpage.
3. Security features are not good in HTML.
4. If we need to write long code for making a webpage then it produces some
Difference Between HTML And DHTML:
1. Html stands for Hyper Text Markup language.
2. The pages of the site do not require any special
processing from the server side before they go to the
browser. Means the pages are always the same for all
visitors - static.
3. html does not allow any kind of features.
4. Html sites going solely upon client-side technologies.
5. HTML is a language.
6. HTML documents describe web pages, contain HTML tags and
1. Dhtml stands for Dynamic Hyper Text Markup language.
2. DHTML uses client side scripting to change variables in
the presentation which affects the look and function of an
otherwise static page.
3. DHTML allows us some extra features.
4. Dhtml sites going fast upon client-side technologies.
5. DHTML is not a language or a web standard.
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