JavaScript Tutorial

Variables in JavaScript
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A JavaScript variable is simply a name of storage location or identifier, associated with a value. The variable can be seen as storing, or holding the value, and also a variable contains a value, such as "hello" or 5.

There are two types of variables used in JavaScript :

  1. local variable
  2. global variable.

Some rules which can be declare in JavaScript variable ( it is called identifiers ).

  • x and X are different variables in Javascript so javaScript variables are case sensitive,
  • Name start with a letter (a to z or A to Z), and underscore( _ ), or dollar( $ ) sign.
  • After first letter we can also use digits (0 to 9), (for example value1)
NOTE :-

" Before you use a variable in a your JavaScript program you have to must use var keyword to declare Variable "

Example

<html>
<body>
<script>  
var x = 50;  
var y = "prasant";  
var z=x+y;  
document.write(z);  
</script>  
</body>
</html>

Output

50 prasant

Local variables : Variables that exist only inside a function are called Local variables. They have no presence outside the function. The values of such Local variables cannot be changed by the main code or other functions.

Example :

<html>
<head>   
 <script>  
function abc()
{  
    var a= 200;//local variable 
    var b= 300;//local variable 
    var c= 400;//local variable 
    var x = a+b+c;
document.write(x);   
    }
abc();//calling JavaScript function    
    </script>  
<head>
<html>

Output :

900

 

Global Variables : A global variable has global scope which means it is defined everywhere in your JavaScript code, Their values can be changed anytime in the code and even by other functions.

Example :

<html>
<head>
<script>  
var x=200;//gloabal variable
var y=400;//gloabal variable
var z=500;//gloabal variable
var w= x+y+z;
function a()
{  
document.writeln(x);  
}  
function b()
{  
document.writeln(y);
} 
function c()
{
document.writeln(z);
}
function d()
{ 
document.write("<br>sum of numbers is:"+w);
}
a();//calling JavaScript function  
b();  
c();
d();
</script>
<head>
<html>

Output :

200 400 500
sum of numbers is:1100 
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